Wartime Teesside revisited


(Published by Bill Norman, 2004). 106 pages. 100+ photographs and illustrations. Softback.
ISBN 0-9547325-0-2. Price £9.95

Extract from Wartime Teesside revisited

wt2-1 July, 1942. In the early hours of Sunday, 26 July 1942, twenty-two Dornier 217 bombers of Kampfgeschwader 2 (KG2) attacked Middlesbrough with high explosives, oil bombs and hundreds of incendiary bombs. It was the town's most destructive air raid. The bombers' target markers suggest that ICI Billingham and the Ironmasters' District were the intended targets, but, as on previous occasions, the area south of the railway seems to have taken the brunt of the attack. The principal zones affected were the Wilson Street - Station Street area (mainly high explosives), the neighbourhood that embraces Clifton Street - Linthorpe Road - Waterloo Road (mainly high explosives). Less badly affected were the LNER Goods' Station - Francis Street area, north of the railway line (high explosives and incendiariy bombs), and also the locality where Newport Road meets Corporation Road (mainly incendiary bombs).This was the night that the Leeds' Hotel took a direct hit and the Co-op Victoria Hall, Linthorpe Road, was burned to the ground.

In the evening of the same day, the German News Service in Berlin claimed that the bombers had scored 'numerous hits on ironworks and harbour works and heavy explosions broke out in the target area'. In fact, only two industrial premises south of the Tees - Dorman, Long Britannia Works and Acklam Ironworks - suffered notifiable damage. Damage of another kind was far greater: sixteen people were killed and fifty were injured; sixty-eight houses and seventy-six business premises were rendered uninhabitable and some 200 people were made homeless. In addition, some 1,000 houses and 220 business premises sustained minor damage.


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