Second Language Learning and Language Teaching Website
Glossary of Teaching Methods
Audiolingual method; this combined a learning theory based on
ideas of habit-formation, and practice with a view of language as patterns and
structures; it chiefly made students repeat sentences recorded on tape and
practice structures in repetitive drills. Originating in the USA in the 1940s,
its peak of popularity was probably the 1960s, though it was not much used in
British-influenced EFL. (Note it is not usually abbreviated to ALM since these
initials belong to a particular trade‑marked method).
Audiovisual method; this
used visual images to show the meaning of spoken dialogues and believed in treating
language as a whole rather than divided up into different aspects. Teaching
relied on film-strips and taped dialogues for repetition. It emerged chiefly in
France in the 1960s and 1970s.
this based language teaching on the functions that the second language had for the student and on the meanings
they wanted to express, leading to teaching exercises that made the students
communicate with each other in various ways. From the mid-1970s onwards this
became the most influential way of teaching around the globe, not just for English.
essentially any method that relies on the second language throughout
method: the traditional academic style of teaching which placed heavy
emphasis on grammar explanation and translation as a teaching technique
Task-based learning: this
approach sees learning as arising from particular tasks the students do in the
classroom and has been increasingly seen as a logical development from
communicative language teaching.