of language teaching
1. Students learn best through spoken, not written language.
2. Teachers and students should use the second language rather than the first language in the classroom.
3. Teachers should avoid explicit discussion of grammar.
4. The aim of language teaching is to make students like native speakers.
Students learn best through spoken not written language.
Teachers and students should use the L2 rather than the L1 in the classroom.
Teachers should avoid explicit discussion of grammar
Language should be learnt as a whole
Language should be presented through dialogues and texts.
Language consists of 4 skills.
Teaching Styles (styles questionnaire)
|teaching style||typical technique||idea of learning|
|explanation||knowledge > use|
|audiolingual||dialogues||‘habit formation’, S/R|
|social commun- icative||information gaps||learning by communicating|
|information communicative||Total PhysicalResponse (TPR)||learning by understanding|
|traditional EFL||presentation||studial and natural|
|others||Community Language Learning||learning by doing or experiencing|
Styles and principles
|Acad- emic||Audio- lingual||Social com||Info. com.||Trad. EFL||Other|
|speech before writing||No||Yes||-||-||Yes||-|
|use only the L2 in the classroom||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||-|
|explicit discussion of grammar should be avoided||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||-|
|language should be learnt as a whole not as separate aspects||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|language should be presented through dialogues and texts||Yes/
|language consists of four skills||-||Yes||Yes||Yes||-||-|
The Multi-competence Model
(more info on Multi-competence Website)
Source: mostly Cook, V.J. (2008), Second Language Learning and Language Teaching, Arnold, 4th edition