Second Language Acquisition Topics

Vivian Cook


Multi-competence site   Bilingual signs site  L2 Learning and Language Teaching (book site)  Online writings

General topics

Early developments in SLA research

Krashen’s Comprehension Hypothesis (Russian translation via Everycloudtech)

Temporal variables approaches

The ESF project and functional development

L2 acquisition of phonology

Cook's Instant Accent test

L2 acquisition of vocabulary

YouTubes on:

Wine words

Passionate Visions

Meanings of 'language' etc


L2 and Universal Grammar [Old UG paper]

What is L2 Learning? (talk handout)

Foreign and second languages

Multi-competence perspective

Multi-competence definition 

Evidence for multi-competence

Multi-competence outline

Annotated multi-competence references

Bilingual cognition: sources

Bilingual cognition and language teaching: talk handout

Draft book section on multi-competence and UG

Background to the L2 user perspective

Basing teaching on the L2 user: draft of a chapter

YouTube: the L2 user

SLA Research Methodology

SLA research methodology

Mean Length of Utterance

SLA research tools on-line

Motivation test

Learning strategies: Test skeleton

Learning and using

L2 spelling 

L2 learner spelling corpora

L2 writing systems

L2 communication /compensatory strategies

Pidgins and creoles



Multilingualism and bilingualism

Cognitive processes in L2 users

Bilingualism models and memory

Neurolinguistics of SLA

Images of L2 users

Bilingual public signs

Individual differences



Other individual factors

L2 learning strategies

Controversial questions

Does age matter in SLA?

Is L1 learning like L2 learning?

Language teaching

Background to language teaching

The native speaker 

Using L1 in language teaching

Goals of English language teaching


Short Glossary of language teaching methods

Old Teaching Articles

English tones

Key issues in SLA and language teaching

Some research tools and links Speech Accent Archive  

SLA quotes

Research tools

Linguistica glossary

Foreign language links (some in Finnish)