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8.6 Recommended symbols

8.6.1 Use of foot-o symbols

All symbols from the basic orienteering map specification is applicable for the park orienteering map.

Special detail features

The larger scale of park and town maps, easily invites to additional "large scale" symbols, such as light poles, benches etc. This could be of interest for educational maps such as school maps, and as mentioned initially the map maker has to have a certain degree of freedom in this respect. However for competition maps they are of very limited interest. As a matter of fact, the symbols defined for traditional foot-o maps covers most of the needs. If the "special features" (the "x" and "o" symbols) are used, they must always be described in the map legend.

Permanent out of bounds

In parks and cities, one can expect to find several areas that are permanently out of bounds for orienteering. Examples are planted flower beds etc. that often serves as barriers (e.g. along a road) and could affect a route choice if they cannot be crossed. It can be argued that the map user should know from common sense not to pass these areas. However, for the sake of goodwill it is of importance to mark them on the map. The symbol 527 settlement should be used (yellow 100% / green 50%).

North lines

Park and city maps has a lot of black and therefore black north lines should be avoided.
Colour: blue. Line width 0.25 mm

Dimensions of map symbols

Maps for park orienteering should be drawn with lines, line screens and symbol dimensions 50% greater than those used for 1:15 000 foot-orienteering maps.

8.6.2 Discipline-specific

This section describes additions to and deviations from the foot-orienteering map specification. The deviations are of two types namely deviations in cartography (symbols) and deviations in feature definitions.

Note: all drawings are at the double of the printing scales for clarity only.

Building symbols and "pass through"

Very essential features in park and town maps are buildings. Normal o-maps use 100% black to depict these, but for maps with a lot of buildings, this makes black the dominant colour, which gives a very "dull" map. A lighter tone is recommended for the buildings. Further, it is very important to get information about "pass through" possibilities in buildings. This is accomplished by an even lighter shade of grey . This creates also a possibility to depict features "under the roof".

851 Building

A building is shown with its ground plan so far as the scale permits. Buildings smaller than 1 mm on the map should be drawn with 100% black.
Colour: black 50%, min 0.5 x 0.5 mm

852 Building pass-through

A building pass-through means that it is possible to run through a building or under a roof or similar, without having to open doors or gates. It is shown with its ground plan so far as the scale permits.
Colour: black 30%, min 0.5 x 0.5 mm

853 Building outline

A black line surrounds the outline of a building or a pass-through. It may also be used to show characteristic structures or apparent height differences of a building.
Colour: black

Roads and stairways

Potential legibility problems exists around roads and tracks, having to do with the amount of other types of black linear symbols in these type of maps. In order to avoid this, the minimum width of the symbol minor road is changed to 2m so that it can be used for all types of roads. For roads and vehicle tracks less than 2m symbol 505 vehicle track should be used. Symbol 504 road should not be used for park and town maps.

It is of interest to distinguish roads where car traffic is allowed or disallowed, since it could have importance for route choices. For roads with car traffic the symbols 501-503 should be used.

Roads should be drawn to exact width. If the edge of the road is so steep that it is impassable (e.g. a high wall or similar) the symbol 201 (impassable cliff) should be used as the road boundary. Omit the tags if they are pointing into the road.

Stairways are road features that also serve as important orienteering tools

861 Road without car traffic

Road where car traffic is not allowed, for example "walking streets" or similar . The space between the black lines must be filled with brown 30%. A road under construction may be shown with broken lines.
It is possible to use 50% black/0.25 mm for the edge to better distinguish it from black man-made objects adjacent to the road.
Colour: black 100% (50%) and brown 30%.

862 Stairways

Stairways are road or track features. There should be at least two or more steps in connection and the symbol must be generalised to show at least two lines on the map. Large stairs should be drawn to exact width.
Colour: black


International Specification for Orienteering Maps produced by the International Orienteering Federation
OCAD produced by Hans Steinegger Software. 1988-1999 Hans Steinegger. OCAD is a registered trademark of Hans Steinegger
This document has been written and coded by Peter Hornsby of Ashby Mapping
Apologies for any mistakes and errors; please inform details of any problems, thanks.
Produced for the Ashby Mapping internet site on
12 May 2000