The Barque Arabella & Midshipman Nathaniel Newton Wade

 

.........who sailed as a member of her crew from Gravesend, England to Adelaide, Australia on Monday 26th January 1880.

 

The Barque Arabella

Governor Winthrop's Flagship

Arabella

These are pictures of the replica built by
GEORGE WHITE c.1928 - 1930.

The pictures were sent to me by his granddaughter Judith, who has also very kindly sent me most of the information on the barque.

 

Areabella

The Arabella apparently made a couple of exhibition voyages back to England and Judith says that family lore holds that she came to a no good end - a tragic ending along the lines of 'the hurricane of '38'.

The Barque Arabella photographed at The Pioneer's Village, Salem, Mass, USA.

 

....where it apparently ended its' days

The Winthrop Fleet of 1630

JOHN WINTHROP (1588 - 1649) who was American Colonial Administrator of Massachusetts was born in Edwardstone, West Suffolk in England. He was educated at Cambridge and trained as a lawyer at Gray's Inn, London. In 1623 he was appointed attorney in the Court of Wards and Liveries. He lost the post in 1629 presumably because of his Puritan beliefs and associations. In 1629 he was chosen by the Massachusetts Bay Company to govern its colony in New England. Later he settled in the Shawmut Peninsula community, now known as Boston and was elected governor 12 times between 1630 and 1649.

His fleet of 11 ships sailing to the New England coast consisted of ships designed to transport wine and freight. They set sail with about 700 settlers, and temporary shelters had to be built on deck to protect the women and children on the 3.000 mile journey across the Atlantic.

They left Yarmouth in March 1630, (some reports say they left the Isle of Wight on 8.4.1630). JOHN GAGE was thought to be on board the Arabella along with THOMAS DUDLEY, the founder of Yale University, who is believed to be a direct descendant of William the Conqueror. (By coincidence, Judith's Uncle Fred's wife claims descendancy through Thomas Dudley). The master of the ship was CAPTAIN PETER MELBURNE. They arrived at Salem Harbour on 12.6.1630 having endured 66 days of gales and storms.

JOHN WINTHROP, (1606 - 1676) , American Colonial Administrator, was the son of the above John Winthrop. and born in Groton, England. He was educated at Trinity College in Dublin and joined his father in America in 1631. In 1641 he founded Connecticut Colony and from 1657 until his death he served as governor of that colony.

There are 2 more copyright pictures of the Barque Arabella on the Bettye Library Pictorial Collection Website. These are from The Passey Collection.

This one is of a bullock team passing in front of the stern of the Barque Arabella beached at Moore River, Australia in 1899. The bullock team was probably brought in to try to tow the barque back to sea.

http://www.liswa.wa.gov.au/images/009703P.html

This one is a different view of the above.

http://www.liswa.wa.gov.au/images/009704P.html

These links do not seem to work unless you actually type them in - still investigating to find out why.


I have been contacted by someone who needs information on an ancestor who made this voyage. EZEKIEL RICHARDSON born about 1600 left with his wife SUSANNA whose maiden name is believed to be BRADFORD. Their marriage took place in or around Westmill, Herts. I will pass any information on to the descendant.


The Saucy Arabella
(also called 'Rolling Down the River)

Oh the Arabella set her main top's'l
Oh the Arabella set her main top's'l
Oh the Arabella set her main top's'l

Rolling down the river

Chorus:

A-rolling down the river, a rolling down
 A-rolling down the river, a-rolling down, a-rolling down
 Said the bucko mate to the greaser's wife

Full chorus:

Oh a pumpkin pudden an' a bulgine pie
Oh a pumpkin pudden an' a bulgine pie
Oh a pumpkin pudden an' a bulgine pie

Aboard the Arabella.

The Arabella sets her main gans'l (same as above)

The Arabella sets her main royal (same as above)

The Arabella sets her main skys'l (same as above)

 

This traditional sea shanty originated in America and was influenced by the Afro American sailors. It would have been sung aboard American packet ships while working the capstan or pumps.

'A bulgine' is sailor's slang for the railway engine used along or on the docks.

'Pumpkin pudden' is a dessert originated from New England.

(Thanks to Barry for sending me this)


Ships Details from the 1881 Diary of Midshipman Nathaniel Wade

The Barque Arabella sailed from Gravesend, Kent, England on Monday January 26th 1880 for Adelaide, under CAPTAIN PEARSON from Scarborough.

He has also listed THOMAS NEWTON - Barque Arabella inside the diary (is this person in any way responsible for Nathaniel's middle name?)

 

This was the crew's allowance for the voyage.

 

 

Bread
Pound

Beef
Pound

Pork
Pound

Flour
Pound

 Peas
Pints

Tea
Ozs

Coffee
Ozs

Water
Qts

Sunday

1

½

1/8

½

8

Monday

1

¼

1/8

½

8

Tuesday

1

½

1/8

½

8

Wednesday

1

¼

1/8

½

8

Thursday

1

½

1/8

½

8

Friday

1

¼

1/8

½

8

Saturday

1

1/8

½

8

Sugar - 12 ozs weekly
Butter - ½ lb weekly
Rice - ½ lb weekly

On Sundays - Sea Pie when we have plenty of potatoes

Equivalent substitutions at the Masters option

He also mentions unspecified allowances of Pies, Oatmeal, Beans and Limejuice. From entries made before they set sail, it is clear that they also had cabbage, turnips, onions, haddock, red herrings and spiced bread.


List of articles necessary for an apprentice going on a long voyage.

Always take plenty of under clothing
Singlets lambswool or flannel 7, Marino 4.
Shirts Oxfords or flannel, 1 dozen
Trousers 3 or 4 pair strong cloth, 3 pair Duck (Clisson??), 2 pair Drill, 2 pair Satin Seam for going ashore hots
Pajamas 2 pair
Collars 2 boxes of paper
Ties 2 to 6 black silk, and badge for best
Suits 1 suit brass bound with cap - 1 suit pilot cloth and reefing jacket
1 Guernsey, cardigan jacket, muffler, pair steering mits, cap for cold weather,
2 Duck or dungaree jumpers for Tarring down


Go to1880 Diary January


I also possess another notebook in which he has written notes on horses, in particular racehorses - with sketches he has made.

 

All pictures and text relating to Midshipman Nathaniel Newton Wade and his diaries are copyright

 

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