NewsLeecher Guide
• Jargon Busting

The aspect ratio of a normal TV screen or computer monitor is 4:3 (or 1.33:1). Current motion pictures (and wide screen high-definition TVs) are a longer rectangle, usually ranging from 1.66:1 up to 2.35:1 (Cinema Scope). The wide screen-TV standard is 16:9, or 1.77:1. In order to maintain the highest resolution and detail, DVD's use the trick of anamorphic resizing. Each frame is recorded at full resolution, but the image is “squashed”. This allows for maximum detail, since the full vertical resolution can be utilized. The DVD player stretches the image out to full size again. If viewed on a wide screen TV set, the stretched image fills the screen. On a normal 1.33:1 TV (or monitor), the image is presented “letter boxed”, with black strips above and below the image. Similarly, VCD 2.0 supports anamorphic wide screen 16:9, where the image is squeezed horizontally. Unfortunately, some DVD player-TV combinations can't always display the image unsquashed (particularly in the U.S.); check your TV's instructions to see if it can be set to 16:9 mode. Few, if any, DVD players support anamorphic wide screen SVCD's; it is therefore unlikely you'll encounter such SVCD encodes. Likewise, some versions of Windows Media Player can't adjust the aspect ratio either, so people looked stretched - very tall and skinny. With the proper Mpeg2-codec WMP can display a stretched image. For a more complete discussion of anamorphic issues,

For much more info on the movie scene click HERE or right click and "save target as" to keep a copy it's only a 1k text file and helps you to understand the terminology involved in the movie scene.

Binaries Information consisting entirely of ones and zeros. Also, commonly used to refer to files that are not simply text files, e.g. images

Codec Coding/Decoding instructions that allow your multimedia player to display a particular encode file type and for you to be able to hear it.

Completion How complete the files are posted to your groups or if indeed they show up at all.

Encode The process (or resulting file) used to convert a digital video capture to a playable, distributable file.

Kill fill (also known as plonked) This means that you have upset a fellow member of a group so much so they have blocked all comments or posts from you.

Lurker Somebody who just reads news but never posts. (also known as a leecher)



Mirror Probably the most common use of the term on the Internet refers to "mirror sites" which are web sites, or FTP sites that maintain copies of material originated at another location, usually in order to provide more widespread access to the resource. For example, one site might create a library of software, and 5 other sites might maintain mirrors of that library.

PAR, .PAR, .P01, .P02, ... A PAR parity volume archive or index file hardly used these days but they do pop up from time to time. See the par guide for more information.

Plonked (also known as Kill fill) This means that you have upset a fellow member of a group so much so they have blocked all comments or posts from you.

QuickPar The current favourite way files are repaired or replaced. again see the par file guide for more info.

RAR, .rar, .r00, .r01, ... A file type used for compressing and splitting large files. These large files are extracted from single .rar files, or from groups of RARs.

Retention How long your news server holds messages on your groups.

Segment file (or file part)
A single Usenet message containing a portion of a large file. Combined with its associated messages, it forms this larger file (usually a RAR file in abmbvs).

SFV A verification database file provided with many posts, to confirm that all files necessary have been downloaded intact.

Usenet The area of the Internet containing newsgroups. Thousands of groups exist, each intended for discussing or posting materials related to a specific topic. There's plenty to explore.


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