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Ditto Iran?

Iraq WMD War: Timeline 2005-2006, video/audio, sources


by Charles Judson Harwood Jr.

 2005 


Congress debates, votes
Iraq wmd war timeline: 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005-2006, 2007
David Kay
Charles Duelfer
Iran uranium timeline
Israel/Palestine timeline:
Palestine Peace Not Apartheid
The Israel Lobby
Settlements
Blockade, reprisals

Dafna Linzer, “Search for Banned Arms In Iraq Ended Last Month: Critical September Report to Be Final Word” {pf} (The Washington Post, Wednesday January 12 2005, page A1).

Scott McClellan (Press Secretary), “Press Briefing by Scott McClellan{pf} (White House, January 12 2005, 12:47-1:16 p.m. ET), video {29:19}.

 

“ Question: The fact that the Iraq Survey Group has now folded up its field operations ...

The President ...

Does he still hold out some hope?

That something is going to be found?

Mr. McClellan: Well, at this point, the members of the Iraq Survey Group that are still there in Iraq — I mean, obviously, if they hear additional reports about anything, they will follow up on those reports.

But I think Charles Duelfer has made it pretty clear, and it’s my understanding that the comprehensive report he issued last year is essentially the completion of his work. He’s going to have an addendum that will be released at some point next month. ...

Question: The President accepts.

That there were no weapons of mass destruction.

In Iraq.

Mr. McClellan: Well, he said, back in October, that the comprehensive report by Charles Duelfer concluded, what his predecessor had said as well, that the weapons that we all believed were there, based on the intelligence, were not there.”

Richard Boucher (Spokesman), “Daily Press Briefing” (U.S. State Department, January 12 2005, 12:50-1:15 p.m. ET), video (bb) {22:30}, audio {22:25}.

 

“ Question: Would you kindly run through what you have to elaborate on, what the White House has said, about the search for remaining weapons in Iraq? ...

Mr. Boucher: Yeah, what the White House has said, what we’re prepared to say, is that the team that was out there is wrapping up their report. They’re working on an addendum to the report they put out last October. ... they’ve said that their addendum won’t change the fundamental conclusions.”

Hans Blix (Stockholm), intervewed by Jane Hill (London), “Former weapons inspector Hans Blix,” BBC video (bb) {3:03 bb, source, search, search, a/v, a/v, search} (BBC News 24, January 12 2005), reportedUS gives up search for Iraq WMD{pf} (BBC News, January 12 2005, 6:59 p.m.), Nick Childs (Pentagon), “How the White House made the announcement,” BBC video (bb) {1:52 bb}.

David Kay, Robin Cook, Eric Joyce, interviewed by Jeremy Paxman (BBC 2 TV, Newsnight, January 12 2005, 10:30 p.m.) {BBCcat c:andm740r}, video {8:56}.

AP: The Associated Press, “No Basis For WMD Smuggling Claims{pf} (CBSNews.com, January 17 2005), also titled, “U.S. intelligence found no WMD evidence{pf} (USA Today, January 17 2005).

The Nomination of Dr. Condoleezza Rice to Be Secretary of State {1008kb.txt, 1879kb.pdf, purl}, (U.S. Congress 109-1, Senate Hearing S. Hrg. 109-151, January 18-19 2005, Foreign Relations Committee) {SuDoc: Y 4.F 76/2:S.HRG.109-151, LCCN: 2006360309, OCLC: 62330184, GPOcat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat}. Transcripts {Lexis}: day 1 {302kb html, 194kb html, 497kb html}, day 2 {103kb html, 144kb html pf, 101kb html} (CQ/FNS: New York Times, The Washington Post). Five FNS transcripts, January 18: 9:05 a.m., 2:33 p.m., 5:55 p.m., January 19: 9:01 a.m., 10:45 a.m. C-Span video, January 18: 9:05 a.m. {3:30:20}, 2:33 p.m. {5:01:55}, January 19: 9:01 a.m. {2:30:57}. Congressional debate reported here.

Hans Blix, testimony {300kb.pdf, source}, EU Strategy on Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Questions 178-204 (U.K. Parliament, House of Lords, Select Committee on the European Union, Sub-Committee C: Foreign Affairs, Defence, & Development Policy, hearing, February 3 2005, 2:30 p.m.).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Peace and Disarmament—Prospects after Iraq” (a/k/a) “Weapons of Mass Destruction, Terrorism, Global Security” {62kb.pdf} (Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok Thailand, February 7 2005, 2:00-3:00 p.m.), part of, “Bridges—Dialogues Towards a Culture of Peace” (November 2003-2005 April, Bangkok, International Peace Foundation, Vienna). Hans Blix, interviewed in Bangkok, by Daniel Kestenholz, “Unbowed, Blix Still Backs Inspections For Nuclear Threats” (National Catholic Reporter, March 4 2005).

David Kay, “Let's Not Make the Same Mistakes in Iran{pf} (The Washington Post, February 7 2005, page A21).

 

“ A National Intelligence Estimate as to Iran’s nuclear activities should not be a rushed, and cooked, document, used to justify the threat of military action.

Now is the time for serious analysis, that genuinely tries to pull together all the evidence, and analytical skills, of the vast U.S. intelligence community, to reach the best possible judgment, on the status of that program, and the gaps in our knowledge.

That assessment should not be led by a team that is trying to prove a case for its boss.

Now is the time to reach outside the secret brotherhood, and pull in respected outsiders, to lead the assessment.”

Sergei Lavrov, interviewed in Moscow by Simon Marks, “Foreign Minister Lavrov” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, February 11 2005), audio {30:28}, video bb (excerpt) {13:21 bb}.

David Kay, interviewed by Tony Jones, “Australians Involved in Interrogations, Kay Says” (ABC TV, Lateline, February 17 2005, 10:30 p.m.).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Disarmament, Terrorism, Global Security”, conference, “Reaching Nuclear Disarmament: New Challenges and Possibilities” (Swedish Network for Nuclear Disarmament (17 organizations), Immanuelskyrkan, Stockholm, February 25 2005, 6:00-7:00 p.m.).

Hans Blix, When Do Governments Have the Right to Go to War? (Dowmel Lecture Series 2004-2005, Monument Mountain Regional High School Auditorium, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, March 7 2005, 7:30 p.m.), audio {1:28:25}, reported, Derek Gentile, “Ex-Weapons Inspector in Berkshires” (Berkshire Eagle, Pittsfield Massachusetts, March 8 2005 {copy}.

Hans Blix, “Weapons of Mass Destruction, Terrorism and Security” (Princeton University, WWS: Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Dodds Auditorium, Robertson Hall, Princeton New Jersey, Tuesday March 8 2005, 7:00 p.m. ET), video bb {1:23:31 bb, source}, audio (omits questions/answers) {50:21, 14.5mb.mp3, source}, WWS calender (day, week, month, year), notice, Tom Bartus, “Hans Blix to discuss WMD, March 8” (News@Princeton, March 2 2005), reported, Chanakya Sethi, “Blix Criticizes Bush Nonproliferation Policies: Says U.N. Still Relevant, Inspections Effective Tool” (The Daily Princetonian, March 9 2005).

Greg Palast, “Secret US Plans For Iraq's Oil {pf} (BBC News, Newsnight, BBC TV-2, London, Thursday March 17 2005, 10:30 p.m.) {BBCcat d:andm749n}, video (bb) {11:24, 2.88mb.rm, bb, 17.58mb.rm, search, search, rss, rss, rss} {BBC bb player, bb source source}: “A joint investigation by Newsnight and Harper's Magazine: The Bush administration made plans for war and for Iraq’s oil before the 9/11 attacks, sparking a policy battle between neo-cons and Big Oil, BBC’s Newsnight has revealed,” also broadcast, and Greg Palast interviewed by Amy Goodman, U.S. Broadcast Exclusive {copy}: Secret U.S. Plans For Iraq's Oil Spark Political Fight Between Neocons and Big Oil” (Democracy Now! The War and Peace Report, New York City, Monday March 21 2005), video/audio {59:08, audio 27.1mb.mp3} {Palast 19:48 at 12:46: video/audio}. Greg Palast, “OPEC on the March: Why Iraq Still Sells Its Oil à la Cartel” (Harper's Magazine, volume 310, number 1859, New York City, April 2005, pages 74-76), reported, “Palast, neocons, Iraq oil, and madness” (Prairie Weather, blog, March 19 2005). Greg Palast, interviewed by Scott Horton (blog, blog), “The BBC's Greg Palast returns to the show to discuss his new Harper's article, ‘OPEC on the March’” (Weekend Interview Show with Scott Horton, Austin Texas, Saturday March 26 2005), audio {22:42, 2.6mb.mp3}. Censored 2007, Top 25 Censored Stories of 2007 (SSU: Sonoma State University, Project Censored, Rohnert Park California) (“The News That Didn't Make the News”). For an update, see, Thieving Iraq’s Oil (May 23 2007).

John Ware, “Iraq, Tony & the Truth{pf} (BBC 1 TV, Panorama, March 20/24 2005, 10:18 p.m., 2:30 a.m.) {BBCcat ance876x}, video {1:00:13, 75.5mb wav}, timeline {pf}, BBC transcript: “This is the story of what Mr. Blair didn’t tell us, before sending the troops into battle,” reported, “Blair's case for war questioned{pf} (BBC News, March 21 2005): “On 23 July 2002 the prime minister chaired a highly sensitive meeting ... MI6 chief Sir Richard Dearlove was minuted as saying that “the facts and the intelligence” were being “fixed round the policy” by the Bush administration. By “fixed,” it is understood that the head of MI6 meant the Americans were trawling for evidence to support a policy of regime change. Just back from Washington, Sir Richard reported that military action was inevitable.” (The Downing Street Memo).

Report to the President of the United States {copy, purl} (Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction, March 31 2005), Laurence H. Silberman, Charles S. Robb (Co-Chairmen) (the “Silberman-Robb Commission”) {SuDoc: PREX 1.19:IN 8/W 37, LCCN: 2005379526, 2005567096, OCLC: 58846082, 58731255, GPOcat, LL: paper, DL, WorldCat, WorldCat, March 31 2005}.

George W. Bush (U.S. President, Jan. 20 2001-2009 Jan. 20), “President Discusses Schiavo, WMD Commission Report{pf} (Dwight D. Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Room 450, March 31 2005, 11:31-11:38 a.m.), video {14:28}, retitled “Remarks Prior to a Briefing on the Findings of the Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction,” 41:13 WCPD 538-539 {7kb.txt, 37kb.pdf, copy} {SuDoc: AE 2.109:41/13}. Subsequent press conference, after George W. Bush left the room, omitted from the White House website, and omitted from Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, FDCH “Transcript: Bush and Co-Chairs of the Commission on Intelligence Capabilities Press Conference” {pf} (The Washington Post, March 31 2005):

 

“ Question: Could your report be read as an exoneration?

Of the president’s use of the intelligence?

Or did you not tackle that question?

Laurence Silberman: We did not.

Our executive order did not direct us to deal with the use of intelligence by policymakers.

And all of us were agreed, that that was not part of our inquiry.”

____________________

 

Query:Executive order”?

George W. Bush (U.S. President), Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction (Executive Order 13328 {pf}, White House, February 6 2004), 69:28 Federal Register 6899-6903 {14kb.txt, 93kb.pdf} {14kb.txt, 93kb.pdf, source, source} (Wednesday February 11 2004), revoked, George W. Bush (U.S. President), Continuance of Certain Federal Advisory Committees and Amendments to and Revocation of Other Executive Orders (Executive Order 13385, White House, September 29 2005), 70:191 Federal Register 57987-57991 {13kb.txt, 93kb.pdf} {13kb.txt, 93kb.pdf, source, source} (Tuesday October 4 2005).

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Jack Straw (U.K. Foreign Secretary), interviewed by John Humphrys (BBC Radio 4, Today, Monday April 25 2005, 6-9am at 8:10-8:29 a.m.) {BBCcat 92sx3058}, audio {18:49}, copy (bb) {14:38 bb}, FCO transcript (none), BBC transcript {pf}, reported, Nick Assinder (BBC political correspondent), “Can Iraq damage Blair further?{pf}, “Call to punish parties over Iraq{pf} (BBC News, April 25 2005).

Charles A. Duelfer (Head, CIA Iraq Survey Group), Addendums to the Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the DCI on Iraq's WMD {705kb.pdf, source, copy} (U.S. CIA: Central Intelligence Agency, March 2005, posted April 25 2005), reported, AP: The Associated Press, “CIA's final report: No WMD found in Iraq{pf} (MSNBC.com, April 25 2005).

Jon Snow, “A Legal War?” (Channel 4 News, London, Wednesday April 27 2005, 7:00 p.m.) (first leak, portions of Peter Goldsmith, U.K. Attorney-General, his secret initial legal opinion on the Iraq war), video (ditto) {4:13}, reported, “Full text: Summary of attorney general's legal advice on March 7 2003” (Guardian, April 27 2005), “Early Iraq legal opinion leaked{pf} (BBC News, April 28 2005, 6:22 a.m. GMT), background, Alex Thomson (chief correspondent, Channel 4 News), “Old-fashioned journalism counters the election spin{copy} (Press Gazette, May 5 2005).

Hans Blix, Menzies Campbell (Shadow Foreign Secretary, Liberal Democrat Party), Tim Collins (Conservative Party), Philippe Sands (Professor of International law, University College London), Jack Straw (U.K. Foreign Secretary), interviewed by Robin Lustig, “Legal Advice” (BBC Radio 4, The World Tonight, Wednesday April 27 2005, 10:07-10:36 p.m.) {BBCcat 90sx4838}, audio {45:00, at 7:17-35:33, search, search, search, a/v, a/v, search} (leaked portions of Peter Goldsmith, U.K. Attorney-General, his secret initial legal opinion on the Iraq war), reported, “UK loyalty behind war, says Blix{pf} (BBC News, April 28 2005, 11:05 GMT).

Charles Duelfer, interviewed by Margaret Warner, “Newsmaker: Charles Duelfer” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, Wednesday April 27 2005, 7:00 p.m.), video bb {11:42 bb}, audio {11:35}.

Jack Straw (U.K. Foreign Secretary), Michael Ancram (Shadow Foreign Secretary, Conservative Party), interviewed by James Naughtie (BBC Radio 4, Today, Thursday April 28 2005, 7-9am 8:10-8:30 a.m.) {BBCcat 92sx3030}, audio {19:07}, “Whether Tony Blair misled the country by claiming that the legal advice on war in Iraq was unequivocal.”

Hans Blix, “A New Nuclear Arms Race?” {143kb.pdf} (Stanford University, SIIS: Stanford Institute for International Studies, 2005 SIIS International Day: Challenges In A New Era, Stanford California, Alumni Center, May 6 2005), reported, Lisa Trei, “Experts Discuss Global Nuclear Security” (Stanford Report, May 11 2005) {copy}.

Hans Blix, “Controlling Weapons of Mass Destruction: Lessons from Iraq” (UCI: University of California, Irvine, Center for Global Peace and Conlfict Studies, 14th Annual Margolis Lecture, 2005, Social Science Lecture Hall, Irvine, Orange County California, May 7 2005, 3:00 p.m.), video {1:17:15}, reported, Nick Schou, “Blix-krieg! {pf}: In UC Irvine speech, Hans Blix denounces Iraq invasion and 'faith-based intelligence' (OC Weekly, Santa Ana, Orange County, California, May 12 2005).

Hans Blix (workshop chairman) (Chairman, WMD Commission; Executive Chairman, UNMOVIC, March 1 2000-2003 June 30; IAEA Director General, 1981-1997), “Why Do States Abandon Nuclear Weapons Ambitions?” (U.N. NPT Review Conference 2005, WMD Commission Workshop, cosponsored by the Government of Finland, U.N. Conference Room 4, New York City, May 9 2005, 1:00-3:00 p.m.). Hans Blix, Edward John (Ed) Markey (Co-Chair, Bipartisan Task Force on Nonproliferation, U.S. Congress), Jonathan Granoff (moderator) (president, GSI: Global Security Institute), U.N. press conference (U.N. Secretariat Building, DPI: Department of Public Information briefing room S-226, May 9 2005, 5:00-6:00 p.m.), U.N. video {1:01:01, source}, reported, “Press Conference on Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons” (U.N. News summary, May 10 2005), Charles J. Hanley (Associated Press), “Blix: US Not Committed to Nuke 'Bargain'{copy, copy}. Hans Blix, Ed Markey, Wayne Curtis (Curt) Weldon (panelists), dinner panel discussion, “U.S. Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Goals: Honoring the Balance” (Global Security Institute, WMD Commission, Simons Foundation, U.N. Delegates Dining Room, May 9 2005, 7:00-9:00 p.m.), audio {2:21:22, 64.7mb.mp3}.

Downing Street Memo and Iraq War (U.S. Congress 109-1, House Hearing (unofficial), June 16 2005). John Leslie Conyers (chairman, ranking minority member, House Judiciary Committee). Witnesses: Joseph C. Wilson IV (Deputy Chief of Mission, U.S. Embassy, Baghdad Iraq, 1988-1991; Special Assistant to President Clinton, National Security Council; U.S. Ambassador to Gabon, 1992-1995) {statement}, Cindy Sheehan {statement}, Ray McGovern {statement}, John Bonifaz {statement}, Ann Wright {written statement}, Karen Kwiatkowski {written statement}. C-Span video {3:06:30}, audio {3:07:09, 44.1mb ram source}, transcript {263kb.pdf, 213kb.txt, copy}, reported Amy Goodman, “Downing Street and Beyond: Hearing Builds Momentum for Full Investigation” (Democracy Now!, June 17 2005).

Ray McGovern (CIA 27 years, 1964-1991), Reuel Marc Gerecht (CIA Officer, 1985-1994, Middle East Specialist, Directorate of Operations; Department of State, 1985-1994, Political and Consular Officer; AEI: American Enterprise Institute; PNAC: Project for the New American Century), interviewed by Margaret Warner, background report by Terence Smith, “War Memos” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, June 16 2005, 7:00 p.m.), video bb {16:25 bb}, audio {16:16}: “The controversy surrounding the "The Downing Street memos" continues to grow. The documents, a series of 2002 British memos about President Bush making the case to go to war in Iraq, were recently leaked to the media.”

Charles J. Hanley (AP: Associated Press), “Piecing together the story of the weapons that weren't{pf} (USA Today, September 2 2005).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission; Executive Chairman, UNMOVIC, March 1 2000-2003 June 30; IAEA Director General, 1981-1997), “UN Reform and World Disarmament: Where Do We Go?” {79kb.pdf} (The Dag Hammarskjöld Lecture 2005 {381kb.pdf}, Uppsala University Hall, Uppsala Sweden, September 19 2005, 6:00 p.m.), photos (no posted video/audio).

Sergei Lavrov, speech {copy}, questions/answers (Stanford University, Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford California, September 20 2005), video {52:06, 9.53mb.wmv, bb 197mb.wmv, source}, reported, “Russian minister of foreign affairs cites partnership, shared challenges of Russia and United States in talk” (Hoover Institution, Public Affairs, September 22 2005).

David Kay, Carl W. Ford Jr., William J. Crowe Jr., Dennis M. Gormley, Janne E. Nolan (moderator), Panel III, “The Intelligence Challenge: Understanding and Preventing Strategic Surprises,” September 28 2005, 10am-noon, video {2:01:11, ditto} (Day 2: “Shaping our Security Institutions,” 2005 Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Conference, “Shaping National Security: National Power in an International World,” U.S. Army Chief of Staff, Ronald Reagan Building & International Trade Center, 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W., Washington D.C., September 27-28 2005).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “The UN and Arms Control{copy}, Gunnel Torén (librarian, U.N. Dag Hammarskjöld Library, Uppsala Sweden), “Dag Hammarskjöld Secretary-General of the UN, 1953-1961: In the Service of Peace,” Gareth Evans (president, ICG: International Crisis Group), “Summary of the Conference: The United Nations And Conflict Prevention,” at a one day conference, “UN and the New Challenges of International Safety,” chaired by Thierry de Montbrial (IFRI chairman), with (IFRI: Institut Français des Relations Internationales, 27 rue de la Procession, Paris Cedex 15, speaker series, October 17 2005).

Lawrence B. Wilkerson (chief of staff to Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State, 2001-2005), remarks (speech, Q&As), “Col. Lawrence Wilkerson on the Bush Administration's National Security Decision Making Process” (NAF: New America Foundation, October 19 2005), video {1:36:27, 24.2kb wav, 66.1kb mp4}, audio {22.0mb.mp3}, transcript {160kb.pdf}, reported, Dana Milbank, “Colonel Finally Saw Whites of Their Eyes{pf} (The Washington Post, Wednesday October 20 2005, page A4).

Hans Blix, “Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction—The Search for Truth{copy}, luncheon address at a one-day conference, “Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Current Challenges and New Approaches” (Tufts University, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Carmichael Lounge, Medford Massachusetts, October 21 2005, 1:30-2:15 p.m.), C-Span video {44:00, schedule, 546894236, 189487-1, rss}, UC: University Channel (omits questions/answers), video bb {26:18 bb, source}, audio {12.1mb.mp3}, reported, Katharine Brodock, “Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction—The Search for Truth” (Fletcher, October 24 2005), Russell Contreras, “Blix Says US Misled Itself, the World on Iraq: WMD Reports, Satellite Photos Called Lacking{pf, copy} (Boston Globe, October 22 2005).

Lawrence Wilkerson, “The White House Cabal” (Los Angeles Times, October 25 2005) {copy, copy, 43kb.pdf}.

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Susan Swain (C-Span executive vice president, co-chief operating officer), “U.S. Policy in Iraq” (C-Span, Washington Journal, Washington D.C., Thursday October 27 2005, 8:34-9:20 a.m.), C-Span video {45:00, 189175625, 189429-3, rss}, audio simulcast by C-Span Radio (schedule) (Radio WCSP-FM, Washington D.C.), and by satellite radio in North America (C-Span Radio, Sirius channel 139, XM channel 132).

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Steve Inskeep, “Ex-Powell Staffer Discusses Cheney Role in Iraq War” (NPR: National Public Radio, Morning Edition, Washington D.C., November 3 2005), audio {7:46}.

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Ray Suarez, “Iraq War Questions” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, November 4 2005, 7:00 p.m.), video bb {10:35 bb}, audio {21:02} (includes subsequent panel discussion).

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Christopher Lydon, “Lawrence Wilkerson” (Radio WGBH, Open Source, Boston, November 15 2005, 7:00-8:00 p.m. ET), audio {52:55, 24kb.mp3, archive, rss, menu, rss, rss, rss rss}, broadcast by 33 U.S. radio stations (via PRI: Public Radio International, Open Source from PRI) (July 4 2005-2007 June 30) and by satellite radio (XMPR: XM Public Radio, XM channel 133, November 15, 3:00-4:00 a.m. ET).

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Gavin Esler (BBC News, Newsnight, BBC TV-2, London, Friday November 18 2005, 10:30 p.m.) {BBCcat e:ands285w}, video bb {5:17 bb, search, search, rss}.

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Carolyn Quinn (BBC Radio 4, Today, Tuesday November 29 2005, 6-9am at 7:46-7:57 a.m.) {BBCcat 05sx0350}, audio {10:54}, BBC transcript {pf}, reported, Cheney Accused on Prisoner Abuse {pf} (BBC News, November 29 2005).

Hans Blix, interviewed in Stockholm by Dave Russell (Sveriges Radio, SR International, Radio Sweden, December 8 2005), segment audio {4:29, source}, podcast audio (entire program) {24:51, 17mb.mp3, source, source}, at 4:30-9:22 {4:58}.

 

“ Dave Russell {1:09}: You took a lot of criticism, in the run-up, to the Iraqi invasion.

How much difference.

Would another three or four months have made.

Of inspections?

Hans Blix: I think a great deal, frankly.

Because, we were given tips, by the intelligence agencies, in various countries.

About—

Perhaps, round about a hundred sites.

That were indicated by them.

And we went, actually, with inspections, to about three dozen sites, if I remember rightly.

And we didn’t find any weapons of mass destruction.

Because there’re weren’t any.

Now.

We told the intelligence agencies—

We told the world, Security Council, that,

“Sorry.

There weren’t any.”

And that impressed them, somewhat.

Now.

If we had had three months more.

We would have been able to go.

To all the sites.

Indicated by intelligence.

And there would not have been.

Any weapons of mass destruction.

And if they were not totally deaf, they ought to have questioned, somewhat, the sources that they had.

President—

Vice President Cheney said, at some point, that,

“What we learned.

About the Iraq’s weapons.

We learned through defectors.

Not through inspectors.”

Well.

What did they learn?

Through defectors?

They learned the wrong things.

And I think, if we had been there.

For three months more.

And I had been able to show them, that,

“None of the sites.

That your defectors gave.

Contain anything.”

It could have made a difference.”

Segment audio {4:29, at 3:20}.

Podcast audio {24:51, at 8:10}.

 2006 


Hans Blix, “Repairing the Nonproliferation System{pf} (Arms Control Association, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington D.C., January 25 2006), reported, Michael Bowman, “Blix Urges 'Carrot and Stick' Approach Toward Iran's Nuclear Ambitions” (VOA: Voice of America News, January 25 2006).

Hans Blix, interviewed by Fatemeh Aman, “Iran: Blix Urges West to Offer Tehran Security Guarantees” (RFE/RL: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, January 26 2006), audio {5:06}.

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by David Brancaccio, “Artificial Intelligence?” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, NOW, February 3 2006), video bb {22:06 bb}, transcript {pf}, full interview.

Paul R. Pillar (CIA 30 years, National Intelligence Council, National Intelligence Officer for the Near East and South Asia, 2000-2005), interviewed by Robert Siegel, “Key Figure: Intelligence Downplayed in Iraq Policy” (NPR: National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Washington D.C., February 10 2006), audio (copy) {4:55}.

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Susan Swain (C-Span executive vice president, co-chief operating officer), “Intelligence Policy and the War in Iraq(C-Span, Washington Journal, Washington D.C., February 16 2006, 9:15-10:00 a.m.), C-Span video {38:00, 193758390, 191221-4, rss}, audio simulcast by C-Span Radio (schedule) (Radio WCSP-FM, Washington D.C.), and by satellite radio in North America (C-Span Radio, Sirius channel 139, XM channel 132).

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Terry Gross, “CIA Terror Expert Charges Politicized Intelligence” (Radio WHYY, Fresh Air, Philadelphia, February 16 2006), audio {35:01}, broadcast by more than 400 U.S. radio stations (205 listed here) of the 800 {110kb.pdf, source} affiliated to NPR: National Public Radio, and by NPR itself, by satellite radio in North America (Sirius channels NPR Now 134, NPR Talk 135), by NPR Worldwide (schedule), via satellite radio in Europe (WorldSpace channel 301), and regular satellites (audio channel on TV tuners and feeds to cable radio).

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Gwen Ifill, “Prewar Intelligence” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, March 3 2006, 7:00 p.m.), audio {8:05}.

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Stephen Sackur (BBC World, BBC News 24, HARDtalk, March 15 2006) {BBCcat anz2502t}, video {23:35}.

Hans Blix, interviewed by Frank Ucciardo, “Examining Iran's Nuke Program{pf} (CBS News, Up to the Minute, Thursday-Friday March 16-17 2006, 2-4:30 a.m. ET), video, “Dr. Blix on Iran Nukes: Part 1{5:39, search}, “Dr. Blix on Iran Nukes: Part 2{6:38}, and see, Charles Wolfson, “Iran: To Talk or Not to Talk{pf} (CBS News, Diplomatic Dispatches, Friday March 17 2006).

Paul Pillar (CIA 30 years, National Intelligence Council, National Intelligence Officer for the Near East and South Asia, 2000-2005), “Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq” (Foreign Affairs, March/April 2006) {pf}.

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Gideon Rose (Managing Editor, Foreign Affairs), “Intelligence, Policy, and the War in Iraq” (CFR: Council on Foreign Relations, New York City, March 30 2006), video {104.6mb.wmv}, audio {20.4mb.mp3}.

Karen Kwiatkowski (USAF 1983-2003, DoD NESA: Near East and South Asia directorate, May 2002-2003 February), interviewed by Brian Lamb (C-Span founder and CEO), “Lt. Col. Karen Kwiatkowski” (C-Span, Q&A, Washington D.C., Sunday April 2 2006, 8/11pm/6am ET), C-Span video {59:33, 194671943, 191631-1, archive, rss}, C-Span transcript.

Lawrence Wilkerson, “Is America a Radical Republic?” (Middle East Institute, Washington D.C., April 12 2006, C-Span video {1:06:25, schedule, 195940633, 192030-1, rss}.

Tyler Drumheller (CIA 25 years, 1980-2005, chief of european operations, July 2001-2005 March), Joseph C. Wilson IV (Deputy Chief of Mission, U.S. Embassy, Baghdad Iraq, 1988-1991; Special Assistant to President Clinton, National Security Council; U.S. Ambassador to Gabon, 1992-1995), Rocco Martino, Elizabetta Burba, interviewed by Ed Bradley, “A Spy Speaks Out: Former Top CIA Official On "Faulty" Intelligence Claims{pf, copy} (CBS News, 60 Minutes, April 23 2006, 7:00 p.m. ET) (Niger uranium documents forgery), video (excerpt) {2:45}, video excerpt {7:32, 18.31mb.mov}, video complete {13:47, 30mb.mov, source}, video complete {13:47, 12.1mb.mov, source}, audio {5.5mb.mp3}, audio {5.1mb.mp3}, previewed, Ed Bradley (reporter), “Bradley's Reporter Notebook” (CBS News, April 21 2006) video {2:45}, Mark Mazzetti, “Prewar Intelligence Ignored, Former C.I.A. Official Says” (The New York Times, April 22 2006), reported, “Ex-CIA Official: WMD Evidence Ignored '60 Minutes' Report: White House Disregarded Good Intelligence” (CNN, April 23 2006, 10:04 p.m), Robert Scheer (Editor), “Top Spy's Story on Prewar Intel Is Finally Told” (Truthdig, April 25 2006).

Paul Pillar, interviewed by Brian Lehrer, “Pillar of the Intelligence Community” (Radio WNYC, The Brian Lehrer Show, New York City, April 25 2006, 10:00 a.m. ET), audio {14mb.mp3}.

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by David Gregory (MSNBC, Hardball, Washington D.C., April 25 2006, 5:00/7:00 p.m. ET), MSNBC transcript, “Did Faulty Intelligence Make The Case For War? Retired CIA agent says Bush administration ignored pre-war intel{pf, menu}, video, “Faulty pre-war intelligence{8:16, 12.12mb.wmv, 17.96mb.flv, rss menu} (“Did faulty intelligence make the case for war or did the Bush administration cherry-pick? In his first cable appearance, Hardball has an exclusive interview with the former CIA Operations Chief Tyler Drumheller.”).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Miles O'Brien (CNN, American Morning, New York City, April 27 2006, 6-10:00 a.m. ET, after 9:30 a.m.), CNN transcript {archive}.

Hans Blix, interviewed by James Naughtie (BBC Radio 4, Today, Tuesday May 2 2006, 6-9am at 8:45-8:50 a.m.) {BBCcat 06sx0724}, audio {4:33, search, search, a/v, a/v, search, rss}.

Hans Blix, interviewed by Owen Bennett-Jones (?), “The United Nations Security Council Is Debating What To Do About Iran” (BBC World Service, Newshour, May 3 2006), audio {3:28}.

Hans Blix, interviewed May 31 2006, by Terry Gross, “Blix to Deliver New WMD Assessment” (Radio WHYY, Fresh Air, Philadelphia, June 1 2006), audio {20:59}, broadcast by more than 400 U.S. radio stations (205 listed here) of the 800 {110kb.pdf, source} affiliated to NPR: National Public Radio, and by NPR itself, by satellite radio in North America (Sirius channels NPR Now 134, NPR Talk 135), by NPR Worldwide (schedule), via satellite radio in Europe (WorldSpace channel 301), and regular satellites (audio channel on TV tuners and feeds to cable radio).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), press conference (U.N. Secretariat Building, DPI: Department of Public Information briefing room S-226, Thursday June 1 2006, 12:30 p.m.), U.N. video {36:59, source}, C-Span video {37:03, schedule, 171537419, rss}, reported, “Press Conference by Chair of Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission” (U.N. News summary, June 1 2006). Hans Blix, interviewed by Jerry Adams (UN Radio, June 1 2006) {4:21 4mb.mp3, source}. WMDC Secretariat, “Launching the WMDC Report: The First Two Weeks{165kb.pdf}: “The Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC) released its report entitled Weapons of Terror: Freeing the World of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Arms {3.5mb.pdf} {LCCN: 2006455244, OCLC: 70249914, WorldCat} on 1 June 2006.” “Listen to comments by Dr. Hans Blix and his assessment of the report and the work of The Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission,” video {1:45, 7.3mb.wmv}, WMDC/Blix list of events.

Hans Blix, interviewed by Frank Ucciardo, “Examining Iran's Nuke Program{pf} (CBS News, Up to the Minute, recorded Thursday June 1 2006, posted June 4 2006), video, “Blix On Iran Nukes{9:55, search} (“Only On The Web: Former chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix discusses Iran’s timeline for nuclear weapons. CBS News’ Frank Ucciardo reports.”), and see, Charles Wolfson, “Iran: To Talk or Not to Talk{pf} (CBS News, Diplomatic Dispatches, Friday March 17 2006).

Lawrence Wilkerson, interviewed by Sarah Montague (BBC Radio 4, Today, Friday June 2 2006, 7-9am at 7:09-7:18 a.m.) {BBCcat 06sx0913}, audio {9:22}, copy bb {7:18 bb}.

Hans Blix (studio), interviewed by Dave Davies (senior writer, Philadelphia Daily News), “Making the world safer” (Radio WHYY, Radio Times, Philadelphia, Friday June 2 2006, 10-11:00 a.m. ET), audio {52:00, 23.99mb.mp3, rss}.

Hans Blix, “Meeting the Greatest Challenge of History: Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Evening of Dialogue” (PPNA: Professionals Project for Nuclear Awareness, National Constitution Center, Kirby Auditorium, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, Friday June 2 2006, 7:00-9:00 p.m.), introduced by Jonathan Granoff (president, GSI: Global Security Institute), video {34:12, source}, meeting notice {34kb.pdf}.

Hans Blix (studio), interviewed by Tim Russert (NBC News, Meet the Press, Washington D.C., Sunday June 4 2006, 9:00 a.m. ET), MSNBC transcript {pf, menu}, podcast audio {50:43, Blix 12:36 at 24:18, 11.61mb.mp3, rss menu}.

Hans Blix, “International Law Relating to the Use of Armed Force and Weapons of Mass Destruction” {198kb.pdf, source, 59kb doc, source} (International Law Association, 72nd Biennial Conference, June 5 2006, Fairmont Royal York Hotel, Concert Hall, Toronto, 8:30-9:15 a.m.), conference brochure {1.7mb.pdf}.

Hans Blix, interviewed June 5 2006 by Allison Hanes, “U.S. Tough Talk Humiliates Muslims, Blix: Washington's Tone With Iran Fuels Their Anger” (National Post, Toronto, June 6 2006) {pf}, “Former Weapons Inspector Decries U.S. Tone Against Iran” (CanWest News Service, National Post, Toronto, June 6 2006) {pf}.

Hans Blix, “Tackling the WMD Challenge: Canadian Launch of the WMD Commission Report” (Carleton University, CCTC: Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance, National Press Club of Canada, Ottawa, June 6 2006, 11:00-1:15 p.m.), CCTC report, video excerpt: CPAC (next item).

Hans Blix, interviewed at the National Press Club of Canada, after his speech, by Martin Stringer (reporter), presented by Peter Van Dusen (host) (CPAC: Cable Public Affairs Channel, Ottawa, PrimeTime Politics, June 6 2006, 8:00 p.m. ET), video {58:30, Blix 8:15 at 49:50, source}, podcast audio {58:12, Blix 8:15 at 49:36, 13.32mb.mp3, rss}.

Hans Blix, “Video Interview {pf}: Hans Blix” and transcripts (Canada Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa, June 6 2006, afternoon) (date/time by email), videos: 1/4Sleepwalking into a new weaponization phase{2:02}, 2/4Broken promises{2:20}, 3/4Combating proliferation{1:53}, 4/4Need for verification{1:44}.

Hans Blix, interviewed by Wade Boese, Paul Kerr, Daryl G. Kimball, “Reviving Disarmament: An Interview with Dr. Hans Blix” {pf} (Arms Control Association, Washington D.C., June 6 2006).

Hans Blix, “Press Briefing: Hans Blix Reports on WMD Dangers and Solutions{pf} (FNS transcript) (Arms Control Association, Embassy of Sweden, American Bar Association, Section on International Law, Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington D.C., June 7 2006, 8:30-10:30 a.m.), speakers: Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), Robert Einhorn (Senior Advisor, CSIS: Center for Strategic and International Studies), Jonathan Tucker (Senior Fellow, Center For Nonproliferation Studies), John Burroughs (Executive Director, Lawyer's Committee On Nuclear Policy).

Hans Blix, “Don't Forget Those Other 27,000 Nukes{copy} (The International Herald Tribune, Paris, June 8 2006).

Hans Blix, “Dr Hans Blix Visits EPC” (EPC: European Policy Centre, Résidence Palace, 155 rue de la Loi, Brussels, June 8 2006): “The European Policy Centre hosted an informal meeting between former United Nations weapons inspector Dr Hans Blix and representatives of think tanks in Brussels to discuss the recommendations contained in Weapons of Terror, the newly-published report from the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission chaired by Dr Blix.”, detailed report {32kb doc}.

Hans Blix, press conference (EC: European Commission, Brussels, June 11 2006, 2:00 p.m.), video (offline), audio {18:20, 16.8mb.mp3}, audio (omits first 45 seconds) {18:39, 8.6mb.mp3, source, source}, following a meeting with Javier Solana (Secretary-General, EU: European Union).

Hans Blix (Stockholm), interviewed by Terry Lane (Melbourne) {retired?}, “Terry Lane Interviews Hans Blix” (transcript) (ABC Radio National, Big Ideas, June 11 2006), audio (deleted) {55:00, 25kb.mp3}.

Hans Blix, interviewed in London by Jon Snow, “Blix's warning on Iran” (Channel 4 News, London, June 12 2006, 7:00 p.m.) video {3:54}.

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed February 15 2006, Richard Kerr, John McLaughlin, John Brennan, Gary Berntsen, Gary Schroen, Paul Pillar, Michael Scheuer, Carl W. Ford Jr., Lawrence Wilkerson, Michael DeLong, F. Michael Maloof, Bob Graham, Richard Clarke, Steve Coll, interviewed, Michael Kirk (writer, producer, director), Jim Gilmore (producer, reporter), “The Dark Side” (WGBH-TV, Frontline, Boston, Tuesday June 20 2006, 9-10:30pm ET), PBS script, video {1:26:30, rss menu}: 1/6 bb, {12:53 bb}, 2/6 bb, {19:11 bb} 3/6 bb, {12:54 bb} 4/6 bb, {16:22 bb} 5/6 bb, {11:28 bb} 6/6 bb, {13:43 bb}, distributed by PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, the largest U.S. TV network, with 349 U.S. TV stations (336 listed here), and via satellites in the western hemisphere (PBS national feed to Dish Network, DirecTV, AMC 3, AMC 4).

Tyler Drumheller, William J. Pascrell Jr. (Bill), remarks, Q&As, moderated by Sandra J. Klassen (co-chair, FCDC National Affairs Committee), “Forum on Security and Foreign Policy” (venue: GMU: George Mason University, Fairfax Virginia, June 21 2006, sponsors: George Mason University College Democrats, FCDC: Fairfax County Democratic Committee, National Affairs Committee, Fairfax Virginia), FCDC calender, audio recorded and introduced by George Kenney {1:27:55, 60.38mb.mp3 rss, rss, archive, archives, search, search} (Electric Politics, Washington D.C., posted June 24 2006), reported, Sandra Klassen, John Miranda, “Forum on Security and Foreign Policy” (FCDC, The Democrat, volume 15 number 7, August 2006, page 9) {769kb.pdf} (“The Newsletter of the Fairfax County Democratic Committee”).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), press conference, “Report by Hans Blix: ‘Weapons of Terror’” (CEIP: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Moscow Center, Moscow, June 23 2006), audio {1:45:45, 25mb.wma}.

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed, Joby Warrick, Alice Crites, “Warnings on WMD 'Fabricator' Were Ignored, Ex-CIA Aide Says{pf} (The Washington Post, Sunday June 25 2006, page A1), comment, Ray McGovern, “Intelligence Officers, Learn From History{copy} (Truthout, AntiWar.com, June 25 2006).

Pre-Iraq War Intelligence: An Oversight Hearing on Pre-War Intelligence Relating to Iraq (U.S. Congress 109-2, Senate Hearing, June 26 2006, Democratic Policy Committee). Byron Leslie Dorgan (Chairman) {82kb.pdf}. Witnesses, panel 1: Lawrence Wilkerson (chief of staff to Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State, 2001-2005) {110kb.pdf}, Paul Pillar (National Intelligence Officer for the Near East and South Asia, 2000-2005, U.S. National Intelligence Council) {72kb.pdf}, Carl W. Ford Jr. (Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research, 2001-2003, Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), U.S. State Department) {81kb.pdf}, Wayne E. White (former Deputy Director, Office of Analysis for the Near East and South Asia, Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), U.S. State Department) {94kb.pdf}, panel 2: Joseph Cirincione (Senior Vice President for National Security and International Policy, CAP: Center for American Progress) {154kb.pdf, 51kb.pdf}, Rod Barton (Former Senior Advisor to the Iraq Survey Group) {74kb.pdf}, Michael Smith (Defense Correspondent, London Sunday Times) {104kb.pdf} (reporter of the several Downing Street Memos), C-Span video {3:02:00, schedule, 546804008, 193159-1, rss}, Committee video {3:06:22}, audio {72.4mb.mp3}, transcript {245mb.pdf}. Other transcripts {Lexis}: CQ transcript (panel 1). FNS transcript: None.

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Weapons of Terror: Freeing the world of nuclear, biological and chemical arms” (SFU: Simon Fraser University, Wosk Centre for Dialogue, 580 West Hastings St., Vancouver, June 28 2006, 9am-noon, sponsors: SFU, WMDC, Simons Foundation), video interview, “Freeing the World of Weapons of Mass Destruction: A World Peace Forum Exclusive Interview with UN Weapons Inspector Hans Blix” (World Peace Forum, Vancouver, June 28 2006), video {85mb.mov, play}.

Reports of Weapons of Mass Destruction Findings in Iraq (U.S. Congress 109-2, House Armed Services Committee, Hearing, June 29 2006, 9:00 a.m.). Duncan Lee Hunter (chairman) {16kb.pdf}, Wayne Curtis (Curt) Weldon, Isaac Newton (Ike) Skelton IV (ranking minority member), witnesses, panel-1: Michael D. Maples (Director, Defense Intelligence Agency; Lieutenant General, U.S. Army), panel-2: Frank Gaffney, President, CSP: Center for Security Policy) {44kb.pdf}, David Kay (First Director, CIA Iraqi Survey Group) {22kb.pdf}, Terence Taylor (Former Commissioner, U.N. Special Commission on Iraq) {21kb.pdf}. Committee press release {28kb.pdf}, C-Span video {4:20:00, schedule, 547162980, 193216-1, rss}, Committee audio {4:56:22}. Transcripts {Lexis}: FNS transcripts: panel-1, panel-2, CQ/FDCH transcript {403kb.pdf, source}.

Sergei Lavrov (Russia Foreign Minister), interviewed in Moscow by Stephen Sackur (BBC World, BBC News 24, HARDtalk, July 4 2006) {BBCcat anz2508j}, BBC video {23:29} Russia MFA video {4.29mb.wmv, 114mb.wmv, source}.

Charles J. Hanley (AP: Associated Press), “Half of U.S. Still Believes Iraq Had WMD{pf, copy pf, copy pf, copy, copy} (The Washington Post, Sunday-Monday August 6-7 2006).

Jay Garner (Director, Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance, Iraq: April 21 – May 11 2003, CPA: Coalition Provisional Authority), interviewed August 11 2006, a source for Michael Kirk, “The Lost Year in Iraq” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, Frontline, October 17 2006), PBS interview, PBS script.

Hans Blix, William Hague (Shadow Foreign Secretary, U.K. Conservative Party), interviewed by John Humphrys (BBC Radio 4, Today, Tuesday August 22 2006, 6-9am 7:34-7:40 a.m.) {BBCcat 06sx1396}, audio {6:24, search, search, a/v, a/v, search, rss}. “We speak to the former weapons inspector Hans Blix and Shadow Foreign Secretary William Hague about how to deal with Iran’s Nuclear programme.”

Hans Blix, interviewed by Marco Werman, “Iran Nuclear Interview” (PRI: Public Radio International, The World, August 22 2006, 3:00 p.m. ET), audio {4:25}.

Hans Blix (panelist) (Chairman, WMD Commission), speech, Q&As, “Demanding Facts and Transparency—Getting Truth on the Table” and “Waking Up the World to the Reality that the Process of Arms Control and Disarmament Has Stagnated and Must Be Revived” (“Statement by Dr. Hans Blix at the UN Conference of NGOs, New York, 6 September 2006”) {133kb.pdf, source}, “Moving Development Forward: Accountability, Transparency, Equitable Trade Policies” (59th Annual DPI/NGO Conference, DPI: U.N. Department of Public Information, NGOs: Non-Governmental Organizations, New York City, September 6-8 2006, U.N. Conference Room 4, September 6 2006, 3:00-5:30 p.m.), program {845kb.pdf}, U.N. video: {2:27:20, source}, speech {15:09, at 9:08-24:17}, 1 Q&A {4:24, at 1:33:00-1:37:24}, 5 Q&As {11:03, at 1:51:42-2:02:45}, summing-up {4:34, at 2:13:53-2:18:27}, reported, “Effective Partnerships for Human Security, Sustainable Development Theme, as Annual DPI/NGO Conference Opens at Headquarters” (U.N. News summary, NGO/602, PI/1734, September 6 2006).

 

“ Hans Blix: To solve controversies.

We must seek an accurate picture.

And understanding of them.

Without the right diagnosis.

How can we expect to find, the right therapy?

The search for truth is not easy.

NGOs can, and do, render invaluable service.

By critically examining information.

And examining government actions.

And inaction.

Rarely has the need for critical thinking.

Been demonstrated more.

As clearly to us.

As after the invasion of Iraq, in March 2003.

And.

Rarely have the reports of international fact-finders, views of NGOs, and public opinion.

Been as ignored.

As before that invasion.

{Applause}

The world was told.

That the invasion would lead.

To the moment of truth.

It did.

And the truth was.

That.

There were no weapons of mass destruction.

Most had been destroyed, already.

In the early 1990’s.

In 2003, a state and a people.

Were thus sentenced.

To war and invasion.

On erroneous grounds.

On faith-based.

Or even fake-based.

Intelligence.

{Applause}

A brutal dictator was toppled.

The rest remains a tragedy.

It was not peace through truth.

But war through untruth.

How could it happen?

During the 1990s real knowledge about Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction programs had been growing through international inspections. This process of search for the truth sadly ended in 1998, when the international inspectors were withdrawn.

A few spies and many defectors.

Became chief sources of information.

And.

Misleading reports were accepted.

By governments.

That.

Looked for arguments.

For armed action.

More than they were looking for truth.

There is a strange irony, that Saddam could probably have avoided the war, if the international inspectors — whom he wanted out — had been enabled to stay in Iraq, and continue their reporting after 1998.

There is another irony, that the Alliance of Willing states would probably have refrained from their invasion in 2003, and avoided their current dilemma, if they had paid more attention to the reporting of the international inspections, which resumed late in 2002.

There is another irony, that if those earlier inspectors had been honest, impartial, international, civil servants.

Like Hans Blix’s operation.

Instead of the nest of spies.

And covert operatives.

They transitioned into.

To conduct a dishonest agenda.

Saddam would have likely been eager.

For them to complete their work.

And free his country from sanctions.

  CJHjr.

This is sad history.

But one important lesson to draw.

From the Iraq tragedy.

Is that international professional inspection.

Such as practiced by, and under, the U.N., the International Energy Agency, the Chemical Weapons Convention.

Is an important tool.

In the search for truth.

Such inspections, inspectors—

Is in nobody’s pocket.

It operates openly.

And legally.

Under the control of the international community.

The states of the world should recognize.

That these activities provide.

A vitally needed.

Impartial.

Search for the truth.”

Postwar Findings about Iraq's WMD Programs and Links to Terrorism and How they Compare with Prewar Assessments {6.8mb.pdf} (U.S. Congress 109-2, Senate Report No. 109-331, September 8 2006, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence) {SuDoc: Y 1.1/5:109-331, LCCN: 2006474076, OCLC: 71329313, GPOcat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat, September 21 2006}, submitted, “Reports of Committees,” 152 Congressional Record S9253 {2kb.txt, 56kb.pdf} (U.S. Congress 109-2, daily edition 152:110, September 8 2006) {SuDoc: X/A.109/2:152/110}.

The Use by the Intelligence Community of Information Provided by the Iraqi National Congress {9.2mb.pdf} (U.S. Congress 109-2, Senate Report No. 109-330, September 8 2006, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence) {SuDoc: Y 1.1/5:109-330, LCCN: 2006474075, OCLC: 71329442, GPOcat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat, September 21 2006}, submitted, “Reports of Committees,” 152 Congressional Record S9253 {2kb.txt, 56kb.pdf} (U.S. Congress 109-2, daily edition 152:110, September 8 2006) {SuDoc: X/A.109/2:152/110}, reported, Jonathan Weisman, “Iraq's Alleged Al-Qaeda Ties Were Disputed Before War, Links Were Cited to Justify U.S. Invasion, Report Says{pf} (The Washington Post, September 9 2006, page A01).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), discussion (Ireland Parliament, Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Committee Room 3, Leinster House, Dublin, September 12 2006, 2:30 p.m., video excerpts {2:03}, Eileen Dunne (presenter), Edel McAllister (reporter), “Blix Comments on Weapons Inspectors” (RTÉ: Radio Telefís Éireann, RTÉ News Nine O'Clock, Dublin, September 12 2006, 9:00 p.m.), press conference, 4:00 p.m. (Audio Visual Room, Leinster House), reported, “Meeting of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on Foreign Affairs with Dr. Hans Blix,” Michael Woods (Chairman), statement (Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, press releases, September 12 2006), “Meeting between Minister for Foreign Affairs Dermot Ahern T.D. and Dr Hans Blix” (Ireland Department of Foreign Affairs, press release, September 12 2006). Search on “Blix”: RTÉ, Ireland Parliament, Ireland Government (including Parliament).

Hans Blix (studio), interviewed by Bryan Dobson, “Blix Says Inspections Would Have Averted Iraq War” (RTÉ News Six One, Dublin, September 12 2006, 6:00 p.m.), video {4:50}.

Hans Blix, “The Report of the Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction: Weapons of Terror. How to free the World of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Arms” (IEA: Institute of European Affairs, 8 North Great Georges Street, Dublin, September 13 2006), speech {80kb.pdf, source, 76kb.pdf, source}.

Hans Blix, “Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Role of the European Union” (Sixty-sixth plenary session of the National Forum on Europe, Westin Hotel, College Green, Dublin, September 14 2006, 11:00 a.m., news conference, 10:00 a.m.), transcript (speech, Q&As), summary, “Hans Blix on Curbing Nuclear Weapons—The EU Way,” announced, “Chairman of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission to Address Forum.”

Hans Blix, “Iran, North Korea and WMD: Can We Make the World a Safer Place?” (Breakfast Policy Briefing, EPC: European Policy Centre, Résidence Palace, 155 rue de la Loi, Brussels, September 15 2006).

Hans Blix, remarks (speech, Q&As), “World Security and Weapons of Mass Destruction” (Yale University, Center for the Study of Globalization, Luce Hall auditorium, New Haven Connecticut, September 25 2006, 4:30 p.m.), video {1:11:41, source}, poster {328kb.pdf}, reported, Elizabeth Dickinson, “Blix, After the WMD Fiasco: ‘Think’ (4 photos) (New Haven Independent, September 26 2006), Kimberly Chow, “Blix Describes Iraq Weapons Investigation{pf} (Yale Daily News, September 26 2006).

Sergei Lavrov (Russia Foreign Minister), “Russia and the United States: Between the Past and the Future” (Los Angeles World Affairs Council, Beverly Hills Hotel, 9641 Sunset Boulevard, Beverly Hills California, September 25 2006, 7:30 p.m.), video {27:06, 5.02mb.wmv, bb 30.7mb.wmv, source}.

Hans Blix, testimony, Weapons of Mass Destruction: Current Nuclear Proliferation Challenges (unpublished) (U.S. Congress 109-2, House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats and International Relations, Hearing, September 26 2006, 2:00 p.m. ET), statements: Christopher H. Shays (chairman) {120kb.pdf}, Dennis J. Kucinich (ranking minority member), briefing documents (September 21 2006): briefing memorandum {1.28mb.pdf}, attachments 1-3 {1.79mb.pdf}, attachments 4-5 {947kb.pdf}, attachment 6 {1.63mb.pdf}, attachments 7-8 {10kb.pdf}, witness, panel-1: Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission; Executive Chairman, UNMOVIC, March 1 2000-2003 June 30; IAEA Director General, 1981-1997), prepared statement (not posted by the committee, I wonder why, and what it says), attachment {33kb.pdf, 74kb.pdf, source}, witnesses, panel-2: William H. Tobey (Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Proliferation, NNSA: National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy) {46kb.pdf}, Andrew K. Semmel (Deputy Assistant Secretary, International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN), U.S. State Department) {37kb.pdf}, Jack David (Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction and Negotiations Policy, U.S. Department of Defense) {32kb.pdf}, Gene Aloise (Director, Natural Resources and Environment, GAO: Government Accountability Office) {1.68mb.pdf}, witnesses, panel-3: Thomas Graham Jr. (Chairman, Bipartisan Security Group, Global Security Institute) {629kb.pdf}, Baker Spring (F.M. Kirby Research Fellow for National Security Policy, Heritage Foundation) {43kb.pdf}, Jonathan Granoff (president, GSI: Global Security Institute) {1.60mb.pdf}, Henry D. Sokolski (NPEC: Nonproliferation Policy Education Center) {54kb.pdf}, Frank von Hippel (Co-Chairman, International Panel on Fissile Materials) {373kb.pdf}, C-Span video: none, committee video/audio: none, transcripts {Lexis}: FNS transcript, CQ transcript {408kb.pdf, source}, reported, Dan Robinson, “Blix Urges Security Guarantees for Iran” (VOA: Voice of America News, September 27 2006).

Hans Blix, “Revive Disarmament” {92kb.pdf, source, source} (Article VI Forum, Middle Powers Initiative, Canada Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Cadieux Auditorium, Pearson Building, 125 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, September 27 2006, 5:00-7:00 p.m.) {source, source, source}, photo: Hans Blix, interviewed September 27 2006 by Lee Berthiaume, “Give Iran Incentives to Stop Enrichment: Blix{77kb.pdf} (Embassy, Ottawa, October 4 2006), Hans Blix, press conference (Ottawa, September 27 2006), reported, Mike Blanchfield, “Blix gets last laugh over Iraq{pf, copy} (Ottawa Citizen, CanWest News Service, October 1 2006).

Hans Blix (Ottawa), interviewed by Beverly Thomson (Toronto), “Blix Doubtful Western Threats Will Sway Iran{pf} (CTV, Canada AM, September 28 2006, 7:13-7:18 a.m. ET), video (bb) {5:10}.

Hans Blix, “A Path to Global Disarmament{pf} (YaleGlobal Online, October 5 2006).

Hans Blix, interviewed October 15 2006 in New York City by Nathan Gardels (editor, NPQ), “US Should Set Example for North Korea and Ratify Nuclear Test Ban{pf} (The Huffington Post, October 16 2006), “US Holds Key to Non-Proliferation” (NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly, volume 24 number 1, winter 2007).

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Revive Disarmament” {82kb.pdf, source, source} (14th Meeting, First Committee, 61st session, U.N. General Assembly, New York City, October 16 2006, 10:00 a.m., GA/DIS/3328), transcript, U.N. Doc. A/C.1/61/PV.14 {also via this or ODS} (all First Committee documents: A/C.1/61/), reported, “Nuclear weapon States must cut arsenals, US and Russia should lead: UN Assembly told{pf} (U.N. News, October 17 2006).

Hans Blix (C-Span studio, Pace University, New York City), interviewed by Pedro Echevarria (Washington D.C.), “Nuclear Disarmament(C-Span, Washington Journal, October 17 2006, 9:30-10:00 a.m. ET), “Discusses the current state of nuclear disarmament efforts, especially concerning Iran and North Korea,” C-Span video {30:33, 197520409, 194537-7, rss}.

Hans Blix (New York City), interviewed by Azariah Kiros (Stockholm), “Blix Warns of Korean "Powder Keg" (Sveriges Radio, SR International, Radio Sweden, October 18 2006), segment audio {5:37, source}, excerpts {2:35, 605kb.mp3, source}, program audio {28:45}.

Hans Blix, interviewed by Richard Crowley (RTÉ News: Radio Telefís Éireann, One to One, October 22 2006, 12:15, 11:25 p.m.), video {40:02}.

Gerhard Schröder (Chancellor of Germany, Oct. 27 1998-2005 Nov. 22), “Schröder on Iraq: "The Mother of all Misjudgements" {pf} (Der Spiegel, October 25 2006) (“In his memoir, former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder recalls the difficult period during the run-up to the Iraq war”). Gerhard Schröder, Entscheidungen: Mein Leben in der Politik (Decisions: My Life in Politics) (published October 26 2006, excerpted in Der Spiegel).

Mohamed ElBaradei, “Mohamed ElBaradei: A Conversation with the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)” (Yale University, Center for the Study of Globalization, Luce Hall auditorium, New Haven Connecticut, October 31 2006, 4:00 p.m.), video (none), poster {92kb.pdf}, reported, Av Harris (Reuters), “U.N. watchdog accuses N. Korea of nuclear 'blackmail' (Malaysia Star, October 31 2006), Thomas Kaplan, “ElBaradei wants nuke ban{pf} (Yale Daily News, November 1 2006) (“a question and answer session at Luce Hall, which drew a standing-room-only crowd”), transcripts {Lexis} (none), FNS transcript (none), FDCH/CQ transcript (none). Mohamed ElBaradei, interviewed November 1 2006 by Jonathan Schell (Senior Research Scholar, Yale Center for the Study of Globalization), “An Interview With Mohamed ElBaradei,” video {26:49, source}.

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Disarmament and Non-proliferation” (Korea University, Inchon Memorial Hall, Seoul, November 10 2006, 4:00-5:00 p.m.) reported, Yoon Won-sup, “Hans Blix Urges US to Ratify CTBT” (Korea Times, November 10 2006) {pf, copy}.

Tyler Drumheller (CIA 25 years, 1980-2005, chief of european operations, July 2001-2005 March), interviewed by Thom Hartmann (CCC, Radio KPOJ, KPOJ Mornings, Portland Oregon, Monday November 13 2006, 6-9am at 6:35 a.m. PT, 8:35 a.m. CT) (“show notes”), podcast audio {1:03:40, Drumheller 16:19 at 34:51, 29.15mb.mp3, search, rss menu, partial archive archive}, see also, Thom Hartmann, interviewed by Mark Karlin {pf} (editor), “Thom Hartmann—Air America's Renaissance Man Talk Show Host” (BuzzFlash, Chicago, May 25 2007).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Jan Mickelson (CCC, radio WHO, Mickelson in the Morning, Des Moines Iowa, Monday November 13 2006, 9-11:30am, at about 10:10 a.m. CT) (“NewsRadio 1040”), podcast audio {1:32:29, Drumheller 18:00 at 38:25, 21.1mb.mp3, rss, archive, search} (“On the Brink, Tyler Drumheller, former CIA agent, talks about intelligence failures”).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Leonard Lopate, “Intelligence Ignored?” (Radio WNYC, The Leonard Lopate Show, New York City, November 14 2006, 12:00 p.m. ET) (“the most-listened to commercial or non-commercial radio station in Manhattan”), audio {34:22, 13.8mb.mp3}. “Former CIA division chief Tyler Drumheller says there was a policy failure, not an intelligence failure, in the lead-up to the war in Iraq. In On the Brink, he argues that the Bush administration ignored intelligence that didn’t support invading Iraq.”

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Hans Blix visits Shanghai and Fudan” (Fudan University, Shanghai, November 15 2006).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Faith Salie (PRI: Public Radio International, Fair Game, episode 3, New York City, Thursday November 16 2006) (blog), podcast audio {50:58, Drumheller 9:49 at 9:18, 23.34mb.mp3, rss, rss menu menu}.

Tyler Drumheller, remarks, “The Politicalization of the CIA: An Insider's Account of How the White House Compromised American Intelligence” (IU: Indiana University, SPEA: School of Public and Environmental Affairs, SPEA Building Atrium, 1315 East 10th Street, Bloomington Indiana, Thursday November 16 2006, 4:00 p.m. ET), SPEA calendar (month, week, day, detail), IU calendar (day), “Former CIA chief Tyler Drumheller to appear at IU SPEA{pf, rss menu} (IU Media Relations, November 1 2006), “Former CIA chief Tyler Drumheller to appear at SPEA” (SPEA, News&Events), audio broadcast (Radio WFHB, Standing Room Only, Bloomington Indiana, Wednesday December 6 2006, 6-7pm ET), audio {58:44, 33.61mb.mp3, rss, archive}.

Hans Blix (Chairman, WMD Commission), “Weapons of Terror” (Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan, Tokyo, November 17 2006, 12:30-2:00 p.m.), reported, AP: Associated Press, “Blix: N. Korea will perfect nuclear bomb{pf} (USA Today, November 17 2006), “Blix speaks of urgent need for talks with N. Korea over nukes” (Kyodo News, November 17 2006), Steve Herman (Tokyo), “Blix: Verification Key to Nuclear Agreement with N. Korea” (VOA: Voice of America News, November 17 2006), photo, photo.

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Jack Rice (blog) (CBS, radio WCCO, The Jack Rice Show, Minneapolis Minnesota, Friday November 17 2006, noon-3pm CT) (“WCCO News/Talk 830”), audio (forthcoming).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by David Brancaccio, “Tyler Drumheller on Compromised American Intelligence” (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, NOW, November 17 2006), video bb {26:49 bb, 7:49 at 16:03 bb}, PBS script, excerpt: Tyler Drumheller, On the Brink: An Insider's Account of How the White House Compromised American Intelligence.

Hans Blix (Executive Chairman, UNMOVIC, March 1 2000-2003 June 30), Jeremy Greenstock (U.K. U.N. Ambassador, 1998-2003, Deputy Head, Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, Sept. 2003-2004 March 27), Bridget Kendall (BBC Diplomatic Correspondent) (Chair), panel, “Truth, Lies and WMD” (2:00-3:15 p.m.), conference, “Debating the Evidence: Freedom of Information?” (Cambridge University, CRASSH, Churchill College, Wolfson Hall, Storey’s Way, Cambridge England, November 24 2006).

Kofi Annan (U.N. Secretary-General, Jan. 1 1997-2006 Dec. 31), “We are asleep at the controls, of a rogue aircraft: The urgent need to promote nuclear disarmament” (SG/SM/10767) (“Role of disarmament, non-proliferation examined in Princeton lecture”) (Princeton University, WWS: Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Richardson Auditorium, Alexander Hall, Princeton New Jersey, Tuesday November 28 2006, 4:30 p.m. ET), video bb bb {58:18 bb, source, source, 247.54mb.mp4, source}, audio {31.84mb.mp3}, WWS calender (day, week, month, year), notice, notice, reported, Jonathan Zebrowski, “Annan urges immediate disarmament{pf, page 1} (The Daily Princetonian, November 29 2006), “Disarmament and non-proliferation both needed to fight nuclear threat – Annan{pf} (U.N. News, November 28 2006).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Gregory Berg (WPR, radio WGTD-FM, Morning Show, Kenosha Wisconsin, Thursday December 7 2006, 8:10-9:00am, at 8:30-9:00am CT) (schedule, schedule, footprint), audio {55:00, 8.14mb.wma, Drumheller 29:59 at 21:16, rss, archive, search}.

Jay Garner (Director, Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance, Iraq: April 21 – May 11 2003, CPA: Coalition Provisional Authority), interviewed by Brian Lamb (C-Span founder and CEO), “Lt. Gen. Jay Garner” (C-Span, Q&A, Washington D.C., Sunday December 10 2006, 8/11pm/6am ET), C-Span video {58:39, 536960246, 195606-1, archive, rss}, C-Span transcript (redirect).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Rose Aguilar (blog) (Radio KALW, Your Call, San Francisco, December 12 2006, 10-11am PT), audio {1:01:30, 51:47 at 7:20, source, rss menu}. “Tyler Drumheller, author of On The Brink: An Insider's Account of How the White House Compromised American Intelligence.”

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Tavis Smiley (PBS: Public Broadcasting Service, Tavis Smiley, KCET, Los Angeles, December 15 2006, 11:00 p.m.), audio {12:10 rss source source}, PBS transcript. “Tyler Drumheller spent more than twenty-five years at the CIA. Now retired, he has revealed alarming new details about White House actions in the run-up to the Iraq War. Tyler Drumheller tonight on his best-selling book, On the Brink: An Insider's Account of How the White House Compromised American Intelligence.”

Hans Blix (Stockholm), interviewed by Greer Fay Cashman (Jerusalem), “Exclusive Interview with Ex-U.N. Chief Weapons Inspector Hans Blix” (TML: The Media Line, Jerusalem, December 19 2006), audio {13.5mb.mp3, 14:33}, TML transcript (excerpts), “Ex-Chief Weapons Inspector Tackles Iran, Israel{pf} (December 21 2006).

Lawrence Wilkerson (chief of staff to Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State, 2001-2005), Hamid Al-Bayati (Iraq U.N. Ambassador), Mike Gapes (Chairman, Foreign Affairs Select Committee, U.K. Parliament, House of Commons) interviewed December 19 2006 by Stephen SackurA new strategy for Iraq{pf} (BBC World, BBC News 24, HARDtalk, December 22 2006), video {23:39}.

Jay Garner, interviewed by Fergal Keane (BBC Radio 4, Taking a Stand, Tuesday December 26 2006, 9.00-9:30 a.m.) {BBCcat 06vq3856}, audio {28:59}. (BBC will delete this audio, when it next broadcasts in this time-slot, on Tuesday January 2 2007, at 9:00 a.m.).

Tyler Drumheller, interviewed by Paul Orgel (C-Span congressional floor producer), “On the Brink” (C-Span, Washington Journal, Washington D.C., December 26 2006, 7:45-8:45 a.m.), C-Span video {55:33, 549272641, 195566-2, rss}. “Tyler Drumheller talked about his book On the Brink: An Insider's Account of How the White House Compromised American Intelligence, published by Carroll and Graf. The book examined the U.S. intelligence services and the war in Iraq. Mr. Drumheller retired in 2005 after a 26-year career in the CIA. He responded to telephone calls and electronic mail.”

 2007 

 

 

Bush/Cheney Doctrine on pre-emptive offensive war

We’re going to attack you.

Not because we’re certain you deserve it (beyond all doubt). And not because we’re satisfied you deserve it (beyond reasonable doubt). And not because you probably deserve it (more likely than not), or possibly deserve it (less likely than not), or even might deserve it (a hint of evidence, an unsubstantiated hypothesis, a theory).

We’re going to attack you, because we are not certain you don’t deserve it.

We have lingering doubt.

We’re not certain (beyond all doubt) you are innocent.

We’re going to attack you, to be on the safe side.

It’s prudent.

And, we’re going to conceal our uncertainty, and assert “conclusive evidence,” because disclosing uncertainty might provoke assertions about our true motives:— That we want permanent military bases in your country. That our friends want to rake-off your oil profits. And reward us, in due course.

And because public debate might disquiet our armed forces, and instill doubt in their minds, that our orders might be unlawful.

Indeed, criminal:

____________________

 

“ Suspicion is a state of mind of the accuser and not a state of mind or an act by the one accused.

It is a monstrous proposition containing the very essence of license that the state of mind of the accuser shall be the determining factor, in the absence of evidence of guilt, whether the accused shall or shall not be summarily executed. ...

The orders to execute such persons and mere suspects on suspicion only and without proof, were criminal on their face.

Executions pursuant thereto were criminal.

Those who gave or passed down such orders must bear criminal responsibility for passing them down and for their implementation by the units subordinate to them.”

The High Command Case, 11 N.M.T. 462-697 (opinion), at 531 (U.S. Military Tribunal 5, Nürnberg Germany, trial, 5 February-August 13, judgment, October 27-28, 1948), volumes 10-11, Trials of War Criminals before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. 10 (“Nuernberg, October 1946–April 1949”) (15 volumes, U.S. GPO, Washington D.C., 1949-1953) (“the green series”) {SuDoc: D 102.8, ditto, LCCNs: 49045929, 97071903, OCLC: 12799641, UC, WorldCat}, volume 10 (1951, 31+1308 pages) {55.9mb.pdf, source}, volume 11 (1951, 31+755 pages) {58.5mb.pdf}, also reported, Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals (“Selected and Prepared by the United Nations War Crimes Commission”), volume 12, page 86 (15 volumes, U.K. HMSO, London, 1947-1949) {LCCNs: 47022747, 97080284, OCLC: 45912266, UC, WorldCat}.

____________________

 

“ John Warner: You said, on NBC’s Today Show, on Tuesday, that it was, quote:

“Absolutely prudent.

For the U.S. to go to war.”

Dr. Kay, I concur in those conclusions.

I believe a real and growing threat

has been eliminated.

And a coalition of nations.

Acted prudently.

In the cause of freedom.”

John W. Warner (Chairman, Senate Armed Services Committee), Senate Hearing 108-678, January 28 2004, addressing and quoting David Kay, interviewed by Matt Lauer (NBC News, The Today Show, Tuesday January 27 2004, 7:00-10:00 a.m. ET), MSNBC video {7:03, 5.36mb.wmv}, transcript printed, “David Kay Interview,” 150 Congressional Record S315-S316 {pf} {12kb.txt, 38kb.pdf} (U.S. Congress 108-2, daily edition 150:7, January 28 2004) {SuDoc: X/A.108/2:150/7}.

____________________

 

If they do not fear.

The rule of law:—

All violent criminal enterprises.

Do their killings.

Because.

It’s prudent.

To protect their interests. Achieve their objectives. Deter law-enforcement. Banish the rule of law. Install the rule of force:

The Law of Empire.

And, if they feel the need to persuade anybody, the public for instance, all violent criminal enterprises do the exact same thing:

They lie.

About the facts.

About their motives.

Advancing, for justification, whatever comes to hand, which sounds plausible.

____________________

 

“ Gustave Mark Gilbert (U.S. Army military intelligence, assigned to the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg Germany):

“We got around to the subject of war again and I said that, contrary to his attitude, I did not think that the common people are very thankful for leaders who bring them war and destruction.”

Hermann Wilhelm Goering (prisoner and defendant):

“Why, of course, the people don’t want war,” Goering shrugged.

“Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war, when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece.

Naturally, the common people don’t want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany.

That is understood.

But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy.

And it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship.”

Gilbert: “There is one difference,” I pointed out.

“In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives.

And in the United States only Congress can declare wars.”

Goering: “Oh, that is all well and good.

But, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders.

That is easy.

All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger.

It works the same way in any country.””

Hermann Wilhelm Goering, interviewed by Gustave Mark Gilbert, April 18 1946, printed in Nuremberg Diary, pages 278-279 (New York: Farrar, Straus, 1947) {LCCN: 47004157}, (reprint: New York: Da Capo Press, 1995) {LCCN: 95020429}.

Charles Judson Harwood Jr.

 

 

Liar Glossary

A willful liar knows, or believes correctly, what s/he asserts is untrue. In U.S. executive, legislative, or judicial proceedings, this lie is prima facie criminal, if it’s “material”.

A reckless liar does not know, or believe, what s/he asserts is untrue. But s/he does know that s/he doesn’t know it is true. S/he pretends s/he knows. This lie is likewise prima facie criminal (as I suppose). S/he’s not willful as to the asserted fact (because s/he doesn’t know, or believe, it’s untrue). But s/he is willful as to a material omission: That s/he’s ignorant. And merely guessing, hoping, supposing, inferring it’s true, perhaps concealing ambiguities, contrary evidence, credibility issues, and such. Asserting certainty, and concealing ignorance, or uncertainty:— A willful, deceitful, coupling.

A willfully blind liar has a reasonable basis, ostensibly, for believing what s/he asserts is true but, secretly, doubts it, or questions it, or fears it may not be true. And decides to not investigate further, as a reasonable person would, because s/he wants it to be true. This too is a criminal lie (as I suppose), if the jury believes, beyond reasonable doubt, s/he had the opportunity and resources to investigate those doubts, and decided not to, because s/he feared a proper investigation might substantiate those doubts.

A negligent liar believes what s/he asserts is true, but omits to first inquire properly into its truth, in the way a reasonable person would, in the same circumstances. This lie is not criminal, if the jury is not satisfied, beyond reasonable doubt, that the failure to investigate was willful.

For example: The claim by Condoleezza Rice, that she did not read the National Intelligence Estimate, submitted to her office, precisely to inform her about her about a topic central to her legal duties. This document contained caveats, and language of uncertainty, concealed from Congress, and from the public, in the unclassified version published by the CIA, four days later.

A recklessly negligent liar can reasonably foresee, that deadly or other serious consequences will likely result, if the assertion is untrue. And yet, s/he still omits to first inquire properly into its truth, in the way a reasonable person would, in the same circumstances, in light of these heightened consequences. This lie too is not criminal (absent willfulness, as with negligence). But the reckless nature of it supplies the criminal intent for any underlying crime of recklessness (the deadly or other serious consequences which follow from it). For example, involuntary manslaughter. Or “depraved indifference”.

A grossly negligent liar has been put on notice, that the assertion is likely untrue, or possibly untrue. And yet, s/he persists, in later repeating the assertion, without first inquiring properly into its truth, in the way a reasonable person would, in the same circumstances, prompted to do so, by the notice. This lie too is not criminal (absent willfulness).

But, notice can be so significant, in focusing the liar’s mind on the issue, that a jury can feel satisfied, beyond reasonable doubt, that what previously may have been non-willful negligence, constitutes willful intent to deceive, afterwards, in later assertions, following the notice, or in failing to correct previous assertions, thus elevating the liar to more a culpable category. This depends on how the jury feels about the quality of the notice, the authority of its basis, the competing authority of whatever basis the liar might have, if any, for the assertion, and the opportunity and resources s/he had available, and decided to not use.

For example: The decision by U.S. officials to repeat assertions, and to not correct previous assertions, on the basis of information provided by Mr. Blix and Mr. ElBaradei, that intelligence targets, which U.S. officials supplied, proved to be entirely innocent.

For example: David Kay’s numerous assertions, that Jacques Chirac and Russia said, they believed Iraq had WMD. David Kay was put on notice, by Carl Levin, face to face, in the Senate Armed Services Committee hearing (January 29 2004), that David Kay’s assertions were likely untrue, quoting documents. And yet, David Kay, in the days, weeks, and months after this hearing, repeated these assertions, many, many, times.

An innocent liar reasonably believes, without doubts, what s/he asserts is true, because s/he was lied to by others, and tricked by them into voicing their lie. S/he’s an “innocent agent” of the actual liar(s), blameless, without criminal or moral turpitude.

It’s an honest mistake, if s/he reasonably believes, without doubts, what s/he erroneously asserts is true, if neither s/he, nor anyone one on whom s/he may have relied, was willful, reckless, or negligent in formulating the erroneous assertion. Likewise, if s/he misspeaks:— If s/he says, without realizing it, what s/he did not intend to say, or would not have said, if s/he had thought about it more carefully in context. For example, if s/he was thinking about some other aspect of what s/he said, instead, and was not mentally focused on the erroneous assertion, if it was merely incidental, for example, and not “material” to what s/he was talking about. Or, if s/he forgot what s/he once knew. Or was confused about what s/he thought s/he was talking about.

A simple cure, to all issues about assertions, is to disclose the basis of the assertion: “I believe this, because so-and-so told me so. Because this document seems to prove it.” Et cetera. Such disclosures validate an honest intent, and alert listeners how to investigate the assertion further, if they question it.

But the absence of such disclosures does not necessarily indicate dishonest intent, as people normally facilitate conversation by omitting diversions from the main theme into subsidiary issues about substantiation.

But, on important assertions, on which lives depend, an honest person would normally disclose the basis for a belief, if s/he has any reason to suspect there is any conceivable possibility it may not be true.

The reliability of hearsay is always suspect. Even if the hearsay source is honest, and knowledgeable, the speaker might have misunderstood, or misremembered, what the hearsay speaker actually said. Or the subtleties of it. Its nuances and caveats. And the fact that it too might, in turn, be based on yet further hearsay.

For example: This is the mistake Brian Hutton made in his flawed, inquiry judgment, accepting a hearsay assertion as true, instead of calling for an examination of the source of that hearsay.

I presume Hutton was afraid of what he would find out. In which case, he was willfully blind.

If not, then he was grossly negligent, at the very least, because he well knows, being a judge, the unreliability of hearsay: His experience constitutes “notice,” that he cannot make reliable findings of fact based on hearsay, particularly when the credibility of the witnesses, asserting the hearsay, is at issue.

Brian Hutton was willfully blind, or grossly negligent. He might have been lucky, and be right. But his finding of fact is disputed by Brian Jones, the U.K. expert, who did what Hutton declined to do, and actually investigated the source of the hearsay, as best he could.

But Hutton was not a liar as to the supposed “fact” he found. Because he disclosed the basis for his finding (unreliable hearsay) and, hence, did not represent it to be more authoritative than it is (unauthoritative).

Though he may have lied about his opinion, willfully, recklessly, or negligently (that he believed the fact he found, or that it deserved the dignity of the label “fact,” or “finding,” despite the unreliable hearsay evidence of it).

He made no effort, as far I know, to ask for the intelligence.

His duty was to ask for the underlying intelligence — the “best evidence” of the supposed fact.

And, if the government refused to give it to him, his duty was to report, that he was unable to form an informed, reliable, opinion, and to decline to make any finding of fact on that point.

______________________

Note: All species of lies include material omissions, which are necessary to be stated in order to prevent a truthful assertion from inducing a material erroneous inference, in the mind of the listener. Material omissions are the principal technique of deceit, employed by CIA and other government liars.

For example: The Bush/Blair lie, that Jacques Chirac said he would vote against war, “under any circumstances.” An incendiary lie. A vivid display of criminal intent. An overt act, in a violent criminal conspiracy. Omitting to mention, what he was talking about:— Not war generally, but only about the particular second resolution, then-tabled by the U.S./U.K. (authorizing war after March 17 2003), and a technical explanation of the “circumstances” of the vote, that a “no” vote is not a “veto,” unless there are also 9 “yes” votes, and a majority of the 15-member Security Council had already indicated they too would vote “no,” not “yes,” on that particular resolution, at that particular time. And, what he was not talking about:— The “circumstances” of the inspections. He plainly said (concealed by Bush/Blair in their lie), he would vote for war later, if Saddam frustrated the inspections (then producing promising results). While the assertion is true (he said, “under any circumstances”), the omissions induce an erroneous inference, namely that inspections were fruitless because Saddam knew he could frustrate them without consequences. The truth — which both Bush and Blair chose to conceal, by their material omissions — is the exact opposite.

Another example: David Kay’s assertion, that a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) was tested “out” to a range of 500 km. Omitting to mention (if it was the case), that the test was on a circular course, and that its associated radio equipment would not operate beyond a range of 150 km, suggesting its fuel capacity was merely to provide dwell-time over the target area, if it was for photo-reconnaissance. (I don’t know the truth of these UAV issues, merely that Mr. Blix identified them as issues, and that the U.S./U.K. prevented him from investigating them, by attacking Iraq.)

Another example: David Kay’s unequivocal assertions — grooming the public for war, on the BBC’s Newsnight (September 13 2002) and Panorama (September 23 2002) news programs — that the aluminum tubes were “centrifuge tubes.” This was either a willful or reckless lie, if he knew of the contrary opinion of the centrifuge experts (which he is not). Or else a willfully blind lie, or negligent lie, if he had available to him an easy way to discover the opinion of those experts and did not seek it. But, on the topic of material omissions, even if he disagreed with the opinion of the experts (which he is not), their expert opinion is a material “fact,” though they may be mistaken. Hence, it was a separate willful or reckless lie, by him, to omit to mention their expert opinion (if he knew about it) and, as well, the innocent plausible explanation of other experts (which he is not): That the tubes met the specifications for Iraq’s 81mm artillery rocket program. This, if he knew about that possibility, and their opinion, as I presume he did.

  Charles Judson Harwood Jr.

 

Citations

WCPDWeekly Compilation of Presidential Documents {purl} (Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office) {SuDoc: AE 2.109: (1986-), GS 4.114: (1965-1985), ISSN: 0511-4187, LCCN: 65009929, OCLC: 1769543, GPOCat, GPOCat, LL: paper, paper, DL, WorldCat}.

PPPUSPublic Papers of the Presidents of the United States {purl, purl} {ucsb, umich} (Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office) {SuDoc: AE 2.114: (1984-), GS 4.113: (1929-1933, 1945-1983), ISSN: 0079-7626, LCCN: 58061050, OCLC: 1198154, GPOCat, GPOCat, LL: paper, paper, DL, UC, WorldCat}.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, George W. Bush {gpo, ucsb} (January 20 2001-2009 January 20) {OCLC: 52344983, WorldCat}.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, William J. Clinton {gpo, ucsb, umich} (January 20 1993-2001 January 20) {OCLC: 31268646, WorldCat}.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, George Bush {gpo, ucsb, umich} (January 20 1989-1993 January 20) {OCLC: 2235199, WorldCat}.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Ronald Reagan {ucsb, umich} (January 20 1981-1989 January 20) {OCLC: 22427819, WorldCat}.

Cong. Rec.Congressional Record {purl} (daily edition) (annual pagination in 4 sections: S:Senate, H:House, E:Extension of Remarks, D:Daily Digest) (U.S. Government Printing Office) {SuDoc: X/A, ISSN: 0363-7239, LCCN: 80646573, OCLC: 02437919, GPOCat, LL: paper, microfiche, WorldCat}.

Cong. Rec.Congressional Record (permanent edition) (annual pagination as a single whole, hence, different page numbers from the daily edition) (U.S. Government Printing Office) {SuDoc: X., ISSN: 0883-1947, OCLC: 05058415, LCCN: 12036438, GPOCat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat}.

Serial SetUnited States Congressional Serial Set {purl} (volume list: Congresses 15-91 (1817-1970), 85-108+ (1957-2004+) (volumes for each session, compiled several years later, containing a duplicate original of all Congressional committee reports, and House and Senate documents, but not committee hearings or serial prints, except when rarely exhibited to a report) {SuDoc: Y 1.1/2:Serial, OCLC: 5866454, 8396583, LCCN: 92643101, GPOCat, DL, WorldCat} (selected online volumes, Congresses 23-64, 1833-1917), previously, American State Papers (1789-1838).

 

 

Related documents:

Efforts to Determine the Status of Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction and Related Programs (U.S. Congress 108-2, Senate Hearing S. Hrg. 108-678, January 28 2004, Senate Armed Services Committee) {SuDoc: Y 4.AR 5/3:S.HRG.108-678, LCCN: 2005414430, OCLC: 57070686, GPOcat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat, November 26 2004} (censored, from the internet, by the committee, or by others in the U.S. government), John W. Warner (chairman), Carl Levin (ranking minority member) {11kb html}, witness: David Kay (Head, CIA Iraq Survey Group, June 11 2003-2004 Jan. 23), C-Span video (request) {2:44:45, smil, schedule, 538818909, 180284-1}, broadcast video: part-1 {2:04:09, source}, part-2 {37:49}, transcripts {Lexis}: FDCH transcript {178kb html, copy, source}, FNS transcript {130kb.pdf, copy}.

The Report of the Special Advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence for Strategy Regarding Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs {report, html} (U.S. Congress 108-2, Senate Hearing S. Hrg. 108-855, October 6 2004, Senate Armed Services Committee) {SuDoc: Y 4.AR 5/3:S.HRG.108-855, LCCN: 2006361858, OCLC: 61718189, GPOcat, LL: paper, microfiche, DL, WorldCat, September 23 2005} (censored, from the internet, by the committee, or by others in the U.S. government), John W. Warner (chairman), Carl Levin (ranking minority member), witnesses: Charles A. Duelfer (Special Advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence for Strategy Regarding Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs), Head (from January 23 2004), CIA Iraq Survey Group) {105kb.pdf}, Joseph J. McMenamin (Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps; Commander, CIA Iraq Survey Group) {223kb.pdf}, C-Span video (request) {3:06:01, smil, 3:05:00, schedule, 142566567, 183823-1}, transcripts {Lexis}: FDCH and FNS {copy}.

Background: The pretexts for war: WMD + France’s veto: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/jksonc/iraq-2003d.html

 

Source:This document is not copyrighted, and may be freely copied.

Charles Judson Harwood Jr.

CJHjr

Posted Jan. 1 2006. Updated July 5 2007.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/jksonc/docs/iraq-wmd-timeline-2005-2006.html

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