PUNCHES TO THE HEAD AND THEIR EFFECT
Bob Boardman, recognised in America as being a man qualified to talk on knock-out blows and their effects, had the following to say in an interview recently. I have talked with well-known fighters whose ignorance of the sleep punch and its physiological effect was amazing. Their idea was to hit somewhere at a certain spot, knowing little or nothing of the after physiological or anatomical effect of the blow.
As most people know, practically every boxer has his favorite punch or blow.
The left hook to the side of the jaw is the most common knockout blow.
It is usually delivered at close range, being out of the line of the vision, and making it harder to guard off.
It agitates the nerve of the brain area, causing a concussion, or shock, and senselessness. It also affects the nerves, so that they act deadened completely, making it impossible to feel pain. The victim knows nothing until he begins to recover.
On coming to, he usually hears a low, buzzing, and steaming noise, and faint sounds of the referee, or crowd. '
Sometimes old-time fighters habitually walk with a wobble, or sense of unbalance, caused by being beaten over the ear so as to partially destroy the sense of the balance fluid.
The most deadly effect is obtained when the blow is delivered and the jaw is not tense, especially when the fighter is tired or when the mouth is partially open. Many fighters wear patent mouth pieces, or mouth-guards, so that the teeth may be clenched, and thereby take away any shock. A tightening of the jaw makes the blow much less effective.
CARATOID ARTERY, OR NECK BLOW
According to a European University Professor,
the caratoid artery, or neck blow, is the most sensational and least painful of blows. The punch lands on the upper side of the neck under the ear and just below the jaw, where the main external artery divides — one part supplying the brain, the eyes, and ears, and the other part supply the face, tongue, and internal parts.
This blow is reflectory, and sometimes induces a sympathetic action of the vagus nerve, causing a temporary inaction of the heart and breathing organs, thus bringing about senselessness.
It is also very effective when the neck muscles are relaxed.
EAR, OR MASTOID, BLOW
The mastoid is located directly behind the ear, encasing the ear bones, and is the hardest bone in the body. The blow is landed directly behind or over the back part of the ear. It does not always produce a knock-out, but shocks the brain and causes the victim to stagger and wobble for a few seconds. Many boxers shows its effect by "cauliflower" or clipped ears.
The temple is located directly in front of the ear, and just above the upper jawbone. It is the thinnest part of the skull. The temple blow is the most dangerous of all, and may have a fatal effect.
The "rabbit punch" is delivered directly at the base of the skull or back of the head. It is usually delivered when a man ducks or weaves too much, and is in a bent-over position.
It shocks the brain, sometimes produces partial paralysis of the breathing functions, and causes a concussion or shock.
The nose often becomes hardened, or immune to blows, but many pugilists develop a case of soft nose, caused by a splitting or shattering of the bridge of the nose. The chief danger of a "nose sock" is that the blood flow interferes with the breathing and cutting off of the air supply.
Source: "The Boxer and Wrestler" March 15th 1934