|The Place Names of
Crippenden 125 C 7: de Cryppenden’ 1278 Ass (S.C); Grippindenne
1301 Subs (S. Som. hd); 1311 FF. – The second el. Is OE denn “pasture”.
– The place seems in modern times to have been called Crippenden
or Crittenden (v.ArchC 14, 153). The later variant is not
supported by the early evidence. It is perhaps due to confusion
with Crittenden 125 C 13, ca. 13ms to the east of Crippenden. -
Crittenden 125 C 13; Westeringedon’ 1202 Cur; Westoteringeden
1202-3 FF; Westgaterindenne [1227-35] BM.I; Westroterindenne
1227-38 Reg Roff, p 186 (v also ArchC 3, 228); Westgūnīgden’
1240 Ass (s.B); Guteringden 1258 Ass (S.B); de Cot’inden (3x),
de Tot’ingden 1279 QW (S.B); Will. Crotynden of Lamberherst 1451
Pat. – The forms are evidently very corrupt. The earliest forms
no doubt contain OE west “west”. G-, C- and T- are very
similar in ME script. It seems to me most likely that the name is
an -ing formation of OE Cūphere or Gūphere, pers. ns.
An OE *Cūphering – or *Gūpheringdenn may very well
give ME *Cut(e)ring – or *Gut(e)ringden. The r, which originally
belongs to the second syllable, has crept into the first syllable.
The change of u to i in the stressed syllable may be paralleled in
Crit Hall (<Crute-, Crotehole) in Benenden. – According to
Hasted, II, 374, k, Westroterindenne (Reg Roff) was at this time
called Witherenden. I have found no trace of this form for the
name discussed. The identity of Westroterindenn with Crittenden is
obvious from the fact that W. is situated between Badeshulle =
Badsell 125 B 13 and Mattefield = Matfield 125 C 13 and
accordingly occupies the same position as the modern Crittenden.
Cruttenden (lost): Crotinden’ 1256 FF; de Crotynden, de
Crotyndenn’, de Crottindenne 1270 Ass; de Crotinden’ 1343-4
Ass; de Crotyndenne 1357 FF; Crothenden 1531 ArchC 29, 205;
Blechenden, al. Cruttenden 1782 Hasted, II, 395.- On the first el.
See discussion of Crit Hall in Benenden, v.infra.
Chittenden 126 E 4: de Chityndenn’ 1292 Ass; de Chytindenn’
1313 Ass; de Chytyngdenne, 1314 Ass; de Chittynden’ 1388 Subs;
de Chitindenn’ 1346 Subs; de Chitindenne 1347 Subs. – There is
another Chittenden 125 A 8 of which no early forms are found. cf.
discussion of Chitty 117 D 4 in Chislet, v.infra.
Ass Assize Rolls for Kent
ArchC Archaeologia Cantiana. Transactions of the Kent
Archaeological Society. London 1855ff.
B.M. Index to the Charters and rolls in the British Museum. Ed.
H.J. Ellis and F.B. Bickley. London 1900-12
FF Feet of fines of Kent
Reg Roff Registrum Roffense, ed. J. Thorpe, London, 1769
Subs Subsidy Roll for Kent