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Crittenden - APA77


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Crittenden - APA77


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USS Crittenden, APA77

(APA-77: dp. 4,247, 1. 426' b. 58'; dr. 16', s. 17 k.; cpl. 320, a. 1 5'; cl. Gilliam

Crittenden (APA 77) was launched 6 November 1944 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Wilmington, Calif., under a Maritime Commission contract, sponsored by Mrs. W. R. Boyd, transferred to the Navy 16 January 1945; and commissioned the next day, Commander P.C. Crosley in command.

 

Sailing from San Diego 14 March 1945 Crittenden conducted training at Pearl Harbor until 24 May, then loaded troops and cargo at San Francisco for Okinawa arriving 5 August. She sailed 23 August for Manila, arriving 27 August, and from 15 September to 21 October carried occupation troops from Leyte to Wakayama and Mitsuyama, Japan, then returned to Okinawa 27 October. Assigned to "Magic Carpet" duty bringing servicemen home for discharge, she made two voyages from Okinawa and Samar to San Francisco between 10 November 1945 and 24 January 1946.Crittenden put out from San Pedro 16 February 1946 to join JTF-1 for the atomic bomb tests at Bikini. She was taken to Kwajalein 27 August 1946 and decommissioned the next day. After study, she was towed back to San Francisco 1 January 1947 and sunk in an explosives test 6 October 1947.

[Source: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]

Gilliam Class Attack Transport:
Laid down (date unknown) as a Maritime Commission type (S4-SE2-BD1) hull under a Maritime Commission contract at Consolidated Steel Corp, Wilmington, CA.
Launched, 6 November 1944
Acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Commission, 16 January 1945
Commissioned USS Crittenden (APA-77), 17 January 1945
Decommissioned, 28 August 1946, at Kwajelein Atoll
Struck from the Naval Register (date unknown)
Towed to San Francisco, 1 January 1947
Final Disposition, scuttled off the California coast after explosives test 5-6 October 1947

Specifications:
Displacement 4,247 t.(lt), 7,080 t.(fl)
Length 426'
Beam 58'
Draft 16'
Speed 16.9 kts.
Complement 27 Officers 295 Enlisted
Troop Accommodations 47 Officers, 802 Enlisted
Cargo Capacity 85,000 cu. ft., 600 t.
Armament 1 single 5"/38 dual purpose gun mount, 4 twin 40mm gun mounts, 10 single 20mm gun mounts
Propulsion Westinghouse turbo-electric drive, 2 boilers, 2 propellers, Design shaft horsepower 6,000.

 
Operation Crossroads prospective target ships and support ships at Pearl Harbor in a photo released, 27 February 1946.

Ships present from front to rear include Crittenden (APA-77), Catron (APA-71), Bracken (APA-64), Burleson (APA-67), Gilliam (APA-57), Fallon (APA-81), one unidentified ship, Fillmore (APA-83), Kochab (AKS-6), Luna (AKS-7) and an unidentified tanker and liberty ship. Identifiable on the right are LSM-203 and LSM-465. Further in the background are a floating drydock and a merchant ship hulk with unidentified fittings forward of the bridge.

[Source: US National Archives photo # 80-G-702126 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.]

Ian Cruttenden 2005

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