Amateur Radio Page




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Amateur Radio Introduction Page


This Website is presented by Jack G6UNC for all Radio Amateurs, and hopefully will be found to be useful.

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Spacing and signal length


1: A dash is equal to three dots.
2: The space between the signals which make the same letter is equal to one dot.
3: The space between two letters is equal to three dots.
4: The space between two words is equal to seven dots.
5: It is extremely useful to refer to a dot as DIT and a dash as DAH.

Morse Signals

Alphabet

A .- dit dah ................ B -... dah dit dit dit

C -.-. dah dit dah dit ...... D -.. dah dit dit

E . dit ..................... F ..-. dit dit dah dit

G --. dah dah dit ........... H .... dit dit dit dit

I .. dit dit ................ J .--- dit dah dah dah

K -.- dah dit dah ........... L .-.. dit dah dit dit

M -- dah dah ................ N -. dah dit

O --- dah dah dah ........... P .--. dit dah dah dit

Q --.- dah dah dit dah ...... R .-. dit dah dit

S ... dit dit dit ........... T - dah

U ..- dit dit dah ........... V ...- dit dit dit dah

W .-- dit dah dah ........... X -..- dah dit dit dah

Y -.-- dah dit dah dah ...... Z --.. dah dah dit dit


Numbers

1 .---- dit dah dah dah dah

2 ..--- dit dit dah dah dah

3 ...-- dit dit dit dah dah

4 ....- dit dit dit dit dah

5 ..... dit dit dit dit dit

6 -.... dah dit dit dit dit

7 --... dah dah dit dit dit

8 ---.. dah dah dah dit dit

9 ----. dah dah dah dah dit

0 ----- dah dah dah dah dah


Procedure Signals

Full Stop .-.-.-

Semi Colon -.-.-.

Comma --..--

Query(?) ..--..

Apostrophe .----.

Hyphen -....-

Error ........

Please Tx -.- (K)

Wait .-...

End of Work ...-.


International 'Q' Codes
Generally Amateur Morse operating procedures ('Q' codes) are similar to those used by the commercial telegraph operating system, and are used to produce faster and more efficient communications. The two most commonly used codes and abbreviations are 'Q' codes,used to pass information signals, and the 'RST' code, used for signal reports. The following will display firstly the 'Q' codes used by the Amateur Radio fraternity, then the 'RST' codes, finally the 'CW' abbreviations.

'Q' Codes

QRA .... Identify your Station .. My Station is

QRB .... Tell me your distance from me .. My distance is

QRG .... Tell me your exact frequency .. My frequency is

QRH .... Is my frequency varying ? .. Your frequency is varying

QRI .... What is my transmission tone? .. Your tone is

QRK .... Are you busy ? .. I am busy, please wait

QRM .... Do you have interference ? .. I have interference

QRN .... Do you have static ? .. I have static

QRO .... Can you increase power ? .. Shall I increase power ?

QRP .... Can you decrease power ? .. Shall I decrease power ?

QRQ .... Can you send faster ? .. Shall I send faster ?

QRS .... Will you send slower ? .. Shall I send slower ?

QRT .... Will you stop sending ? .. Shall I stop sending ?

QRU .... Do you have any traffic for me ? .. No traffic for you

QRV .... Are you ready ? .. I am ready

QRW .... Please inform .. I will inform

QRX .... When will you call again ? .. I will call again

QRZ .... Who is calling this station ? .. You are called by

QSA .... Give my signal strength .. Your signal strength is (x)

QSB .... Are my signals fading ? .. Your signal is fading

QSD .... Your keying is bad .. Is my keying bad ?

QSK .... Please break in .. Can I break in ?

QSL .... Will you confirm contact ? .. I will confirm contact

QSN .... Did you hear ? .. I did hear

QSO .... Can you make contact ? .. I will make contact

QSP .... Will you relay ? .. I will relay

QSY .... Change to (x) frequency

QTH .... What is your position ? .. My position is

QTR .... What time is it ? .. The time is

QUA .... Have you news of ? .. I have news of

QUM .... Resume normal working


Most commonly used 'Q' Codes

QRM .... Interference from others

QRN .... Interference/electrical/atmospheric

QRO .... High power

QRP .... Low power

QRT .... Close(d) down

QRX .... Stand by

QSB .... Fading

QSL .... Confirmation of contact

QSO .... Radio contact

QSY .... Change frequency

QTH .... Location


RST Codes

Readability

R1 .... Unreadable

R2 .... Barely readable

R3 .... Readable

R4 .... Quite good

R5 .... Perfect


Signal

S1 .... Faint

S2 .... Very weak

S3 .... Weak

S4 .... Fair

S5 .... Fairly good

S6 .... Good

S7 .... Fairly strong

S8 .... Strong

S9 .... Very strong


Tone

T1 .... Very rough hissing noise

T2 .... Very rough ac note

T3 .... Rough,low pitched ac note

T4 .... Rough ac note moderately musical

T5 .... Musically modulated note

T6 .... Modulated note, slight whistle

T7 .... Near dc note, smooth ripple

T8 .... Good dc note, trace of ripple

T9 .... Pure dc note


'CW' Abbreviations

ABT ........ About ................... ADR ........ Address

AGN ........ Again ................... ANI ........ Any

Ant ........ Antenna .................. BCNU ....... Be seeing you

BD ......... Bad ........................BLV ........ Believe

CC ......... Crystal controlled .... CK ......... Check

CLD ........ Called .................. CNT ........ Cannot

CO ......... Crystal oscillator .... CONDX ...... Conditions

CPSE ....... Counterpoise ........ CRD ........ Card

CUD ........ Could ................... CUAGN ...... See you again

CUL ........ See you later .......... DR ......... Dear

DX ......... Long distance .......... ELBUG ...... Electronic key

ENUF ....... Enough ................. ES ......... And

FB ......... Fine business ........... Fone ....... Telephony

FREQ ....... Frequency ............. GA ......... Good afternoon

GB ......... Goodbye ................. GD ......... Good day

GE ......... Good evening ........... GLD ........ Glad

GM ......... Good morning .......... GN ......... Good night


Morse Tutor Software

FileSizeDownload
Code 20 Tutor47.549code 20 morse tutor
Super Morse112.021super morse tutor
CW Tutor36.288cw tutor

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Since October 23rd 2007