From the basic on guard position the fencer attacks the opponent by straightening the sword arm and lunging:
The lunge is initiated by first extending the sword arm with the point threatening the opponent's target area.
The Lunge is performed by taking a large step forward with the leading foot, which lands more or less flat on the floor. When the point makes contact with the opponent, a slight lift of the hand ensures that the blade bends upwards.
The balance accelerates forward by pushing with the back foot while straightening the back leg. The front foot lands more or less flat, with the weight shifting from the heel towards the ball of the foot. The recovery is done by pushing with the leading foot while "pulling" back up into the on guard position with the rear arm.