Seizure Medications

Pharmaceutical Name

Trade Name

Seizure Type

Web Sites
carbamazepine Tegretol, Carbitrol partial, GTC, mixed

clobazam Frisium tonic-clonic,complex partial,  myoclonic
clonazepam Klonopin, Rivotril LGS, akinetic, myoclonic, absence

diazepam Valium, Diastat, T-Quil clusters, status epilepticus

ethosuximide Zarontin, Emeside absence

felbamate Felbatol partial, general, LGS

gabapentin Neurontin partial, tonic-clonic

lamotrigine Lamictal partial

levetiracetam Keppra partial
lorazepam Ativan status epilepticus

nitrazepam Mogadon myoclonic, IS

oxcarbazepine Trileptal partial

(related to phenytoin and primidone)

  neonatal, GTC, status epilepticus

(see also phenytoin)


(related to phenobarbital)

Dilantin, Epanutin GTC, complex partial


(related to phenobarbital)

Mysoline GTC, psychomot-or, focal
tiagabine Gabatril partial
topiramate Topamax partial, IS?, generalized, LGS

valproic acid (sodium valproate) Depakote, Depakene, Depacon,Valproate, Epival, Epilim, Convulex absence, GTC, partial, LGS, IS

vigabatrin Sabril IS, partial, GTC

zonisamide Zonegran, Excegran partial

GTC – generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal)
IS – infantile spasms
LGS – Lennox-Gastaut syndrome

Note 1. Not all the medications listed may be available in your country.
Note 2. Tradenames may differ from country to country.

Last Updated 11 June 2001

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