Life in the early 1900s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 48.3 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 16% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 44% were in Industry
  • 24% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 17% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 54 hours per week

 

 
Farmerís wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 18 shillings a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost between 12 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 32 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 90 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $1102 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 10 times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 1,625, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 41,600,000 people (or 2.6% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 6,500,000 people (15.6% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1901 Queen Victoria dies. Edward VII becomes King
  • 1910 Edward passes away to be replaced by George V
  • 1933 Hitler comes to power
  • 1936 Edward VIII becomes king only to abdicate after only a few days as king
  • 1936 George VI becomes King

 


Wars

  • 1900 The Boxer rising
  • 1904 China / Japan War
  • 1914-18 The Great War, World War I
  • 1939-45 World War II
  • 1940 Battle of Britain, as the German might is brought to bear
  • 1944 D Day allied landings into Normandy
  • 1945 First dropping of the Atomic bomb

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • 1930 Birth of Andy Warhol

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1919 "League of Nations" is formed to prevent future wars
  • 1924 Mallory and Irvine are lost on Everest
  • 1929 Wall Street Crash
  • 1935 Campbell sets World Land Speed record at 301mph
  • 1945 United Nations is formed
  • 1946 The National Health Service is created

 


Laws

  • 1909 Old Age Pension Act
  • 1911 Introduction of National Insurance

 


Inventions

  • 1901 Transatlantic radio
  • 1903 The Aeroplane (finally a use for the parachute!)
  • 1905 Einstein releases his theory of Relativity
  • 1917 First use of the Tank
  • 1922 The BBC broadcasts for the first time
  • 1929 The life safe Penicillin is discovered
  • 1936 The arrival of Television
  • 1936 Invention of the Jet Engine
  • 1942 Bletchley park sees the first electronic Computer

 


Disasters

  • 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
  • 1908 Sinking of the Titanic by an Iceberg
  • 1930 The American Dust bowl caused by drought and over-farming

 

 

1600-1649 1650-1699 1700-1749 1750-1799 1800-1849
1850-1899 1900-1949 1950-1999 2000- Why things are the way they are