Life in the 1850s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 43.3 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 28% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 40% were in Industry
  • 20% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 13% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 56 hours per week

 

 
Farmer’s wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 8 shillings a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost between 12 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 24 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 130 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $359 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 9˝ times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 1,200, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 13,000,000 people (or 1.1% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 2,600,000 people (20% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1848 French Revolution
  • 1861 American Civil War
  • 1888 Queen Victoria’s Golden Anniversary

 


Wars

  • 1854 Charge of the Light Brigade
  • 1881 First Boer War
  • 1882 Austro/Hungo/German/Italian Alliance
  • 1899 Second Boer War

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • 1848 Communism is started
  • 1857 The composar Elgar is born
  • 1876 Wagner is born in Germany
  • 1881 Picasso is born
  • 1884 Art Noveaux is in fashion
  • 1886 The Statue of Liberty is given to America from France

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1848 Californian Gold Rush
  • 1855 Florence Nightingale is in her prime changing the Welfare of war victims
  • 1855 Daily Telegraph is printed for the first time
  • 1859 Darwin’s Origin of Species is published
  • 1863 The FA cup is contested for the first time
  • 1869 The Suez canal is finally complete
  • 1877 The All England Tennis championship is first held at Wimbledon
  • 1882 The Ashes is first contested between England and Australia
  • 1888 Beginning of County Councils
  • 1893 The Labour Party is founded

 


Laws

  • 1870 Education Bill – Education for all
  • 1874 56 hour a week bill is introduced

 


Inventions

  • 1851 First Telegraph to France
  • 1855 Plastic is invented
  • 1857 1st Transatlantic cable is in place
  • 1869 Margarine is invented
  • 1869 Washing Machine is first used to wash clothes
  • 1871 Babbage and the beginning of the computer
  • 1875 First full London sewage is in place
  • 1877 Edison invents the Microphone
  • 1880 Invention of the Siwsmograph
  • 1884 Greenwich Meridian is adopted for the first time
  • 1885 Invention of the Motor Car
  • 1893 Invention of the Zip fastener
  • 1895 Discovery of X-Rays
  • 1899 The Tape Recorder is invented
  • 1899 Asprin’s medical properties was identified

 


Disasters

  • 1871 15,000 Buildings are destroyed by fire in Chicago
  • 1872 Mystery of the Mary Celeste
  • 1879 The Scottish Tay bridge collapses whilst a train is crossing
  • 1883 The Krakatau Volcano explodes

 

 

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