Life in the early 1800s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 40 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 40% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 32% were in Industry
  • 18% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 10% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 70 hours per week

 

 
Farmer’s wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 3 shillings a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost between 11 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 24 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 190 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $189 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 15½ times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 900, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 16,300,000 people (or 1.8% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 1,000,000 people (6% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1806 End of the Holy Roman Empire
  • 1811 George III is deemed insane
  • 1812 British Prime Minister Spencer Perceival assassinated
  • 1820 George IV becomes King
  • 1830 King William IV takes over following the death of George
  • 1837 Death of William, sees the coronation of Queen Victoria

 


Wars

  • 1805 Battle of Trafalgar
  • 1808 Peninsular War
  • 1812 Napoleon attacks Russian
  • 1815 Battle of Waterloo

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • 1804 Beethoven’s Eroica first played
  • 1840 The painter Monet is born

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1809 Birth of Charles Darwin
  • 1811 The Luddites
  • 1814 The Times is first published
  • 1818 First Steamship to cross the Atlantic
  • 1829 The Metropolitan Police established
  • 1834 Slavery abolished in the British Empire
  • 1835 The word Socialism used for the first time
  • 1848 First WHSmith’s shop opens in Euston Station
  • 1851 Reuters starts reporting news for the first time

 


Laws

  • 1815 Corn Laws first introduced
  • 1832 Reform Bill – Gives the vote to more people
  • 1833 Factory Law – Prevents children less than 9 from working
  • 1840 Population Act – Creates the Census every 10 years
  • 1846 Repeal of the Corn Laws
  • 1848 Public Health Bill – Sewage, Drainage etc

 


Inventions

  • 1803 Invention of the Paper Making machine
  • 1803 1st Public Railway
  • 1809 Aerodynamics understood for the first time
  • 1829 Photography
  • 1832 Telegraph invented by Morse
  • 1839 Invention of the Bicycle
  • 1840 First Postage with the Penny Black
  • 1845 Invention of Tarmac

 


Disasters

  • 1835 530 Buildings are burnt to the ground in New York
  • 1845 Irish Potato famine

 

 

1600-1649 1650-1699 1700-1749 1750-1799 1800-1849
1850-1899 1900-1949 1950-1999 2000- Why things are the way they are