Life in the 1750s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 36.9 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 48% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 27% were in Industry
  • 16% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 9% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 80 hours per week

 

 
Farmer’s wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 3 shillings a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost between 4 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 20 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 100 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $136 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 5½ times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 720, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 6,500,000 people (or .9% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 650,000 people (10% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1760 George III becomes King (the mad one!)
  • 1769 Napoleon is born
  • 1789 French Revolution (storming of the Bastille)
  • 1793 Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed
  • 1799 Napoleon is emperor of France

 


Wars

  • 1756 The Seven Years War
  • 1758 Clive of India defeats the Indians
  • 1762 France surrenders Canada and Florida
  • 1773 Boston Tea Party
  • 1775 US War of Independence
  • 1793 England declares war of France (again)
  • 1796 Napoleon defeats the Austrians
  • 1798 Napoleon defeats Rome and Egypt

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • 1775 The painter Joseph Turner is born
  • 1776 Closely followed by the landscape painter Turner
  • 1779 Mozart plays his first concert
  • 1792 The White House is completed

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1755 The first canals are being build in Britain
  • 1759 The British Museum opens
  • 1760 Official start of the Industrial Revolution
  • 1764 Lloyds Ship Register recognised
  • 1768 Encyclopaedia Britannica published
  • 1770 James Cook discovers New South Wales
  • 1778 Cook then does on the find Hawaii
  • 1780 The first Derby is run at Epsom
  • 1781 Herschel discovers Uranus
  • 1784 St Andrews golf club established
  • 1787 US Constitution is written
  • 1790 Crew of the Bounty mutinies at the Pitcain Islands
  • 1791 Observer newspaper is founded
  • 1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in Egypt, which is used to decipher hieroglyphics

 


Laws

  • 1750 Iron Act – Cap US Iron exports
  • 1765 Stamp Act – Attempt to directly tax the colonies
  • 1788 Penal Act – Setting up of the penal colonies in Australia
  • 1791 US Bill of Rights
  • 1799 Pitt brings in Income Tax at 10%

 


Inventions

  • 1752 Gregorian Calendar adopted
  • 1765 James Watt Steam Engine
  • 1772 Discovery of Oxygen
  • 1779 First Iron Bridge is built
  • 1783 Montgolfier’s first hot air balloon flight
  • 1788 First Steamboat demonstrated in Scotland
  • 1791 Ordnance Survey created
  • 1794 Cotton Gin
  • 1796 Small Pox Vaccine
  • 1797 The Parachute invented

 


Disasters

  • 1755 Lisbon is hit by an Earthquake that kills 30,000
  • 1780 Barbados is destroyed by a Tornado

 

 

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