Life in the early 1700s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 36 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 56% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 22% were in Industry
  • 14% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 8% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 80 hours per week

 

 
Farmer’s wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 4 shillings a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost between 1˝ and 2 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 18 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 100 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $104 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 6˝ times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 610, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 5,500,000 people (or .9% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 575,000 people (10.5% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1701 James II dies, to be replaced by Queen Anne
  • 1714 Queen Anne Dies, George I of Hanover becomes King
  • 1732 George Washington is born

 


Wars

  • 1704 Battle of Blenheim
  • 1704 UK takes Gibraltar
  • 1742 UK Spanish war
  • 1746 Battle of Culloden Moor (Bonnie Prince Charles)

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • Period of "Queen Anne"
  • 1722 Bach releases the "Well tempered clavier"
  • 1726 The novel Gulliver’s Travels appear for the first time
  • 1732 The composer Haydn is born

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1702 Daily Courant is the 1st daily newspaper
  • 1712 1st Sperm Whale is caught
  • 1721 Start of the Russian Empire
  • 1740 Alaska is discovered
  • 1740 Great advances in Midwifery greatly improves life expectancy

 


Laws

  • 1707 Act of the Union creates the United Kingdom
  • 1709 Copyright Act
  • 1715 Riot Act
  • 1721 Robert Wadpole becomes the 1st Prime Minister
  • 1733 The Molasses Act – Adds tax to imported sugar into the country

 


Inventions

  • 1726 Invention of the Chronometer
  • 1731 Seed Drill invented by Jethro Tull
  • 1731The Sextant is invented by John Hadley
  • 1746 Introduction of the English Dictionary

 


Disasters

  • 1730, 1741 Famines in Ireland

 

 

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