Life in the 1650s

 

 
Life Expectancy

  • The average person would live to only 35.5 years of age

 

 
Employment

  • 62% of people worked in Agriculture
  • 18% were in Industry
  • 13% of the workforce were employed in services
  • 7% worked in Information/Education/Entertainment/Communications

 

 
Working hours

  • An average worker was expected to work about 80 hours per week

 

 
Farmer’s wage

  • A Farm Labourer could expect to earn about 3shillings, 6 pence a week

 

 
Cost of a loaf of bread

  • A 2lb standard sized loaf would cost 2 pence

 


Wheat Yield

  • Each acre of Wheat would produce 15 bags (or 112lb "hundred weights") of corn.

 

 
Cost of Wheat in Silver

  • 100kg (Two large sacks) would be worth 110 grammes of Silver

 

 
World Gross Domestic Produce per capita ($)

  • Each person would produce about $84 worth of goods in a year

 

 
Cost of Living vs 1275AD

  • The cost of goods and materials (Inflation) was 8˝ times that of 1275

 


World population

  • Estimated population of the World was 545, 000, 000 people

 


UK Population

  • 5,000,000 people (or .9% of the World Population) lived in Britain

 


London population

  • London had a population of 350,000 people (7% of the UK)

 


Monarchy and World Leaders

  • 1658 Cromwell Dies
  • 1660/1661 Restoration of the Monarchy with Charles II
  • 1685 Charles II dies to be replaced by James II
  • 1688 James II abdicates
  • 1689 Peter the Great of Russia

 


Wars

  • 1652 Anglo-Dutch Wars
  • 1676 Russo-Turkish War
  • 1690 Battle of the Boyne

 


Art Culture and Architecture

  • 1650 The Kremlin’s colourful towers are completed
  • 1685 George Handel the composer is born
  • 1697 Tales of Mother Goose published
  • 1697 St Pauls Cathedral opened

 


Events, Discoveries, and Achievements

  • 1660 Samuel Pepyes starts his diary
  • 1675 Creation of the Whig Party
  • 1676 Native Indians are driven from Rhode Island, New York
  • 1685 Time of the infamous Judge Jeffreys (including his visit to Bratton)
  • 1694 Bank of England formed
  • 1695 Free Press allowed
  • 1696 Lloyds list founded

 


Laws

  • 1688 Bill of Rights limits Monarchy power
  • 1694 National Debt came into effect
  • 1699 Wool Act – Limits Wool imports into the country

 


Inventions

  • 1650 Coffee introduced into the UK
  • 1661 Modern Chemistry founded
  • 1669 Basis of Calculus founded
  • 1683 Discovery of Bacteria
  • 1687 Newton’s principles of Natural Philosophy

 


Disasters

  • 1665 The great plague. 65,000 die.
  • 1666 Great Fire of London

 

 

1600-1649 1650-1699 1700-1749 1750-1799 1800-1849
1850-1899 1900-1949 1950-1999 2000- Why things are the way they are