39264 Lance Corporal PETER GOSLING.
9th Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment.
Killed in action, aged 24, on the 20th September 1917.
Born at West Hartlepool. Enlisted at Saltburn by Sea.
Son of Mary and the late Edward Gosling of North Skelton, N Yorkshire
1901, Peter, aged 7, was living at 25 Richard St, North Skelton. He had been born at West Hartlepool, Co Durham.
His father, Edward, aged 51, was an Ironstone Miner below ground. He had been born in Long Sutton, Yorks.
His mother, Mary, age 49, had been born in Sleights, N Yorks.
He had two older brothers John 17, who was a horse driver in the mines and Herbert 15.
1911. Peter, aged 19, and his mother Mary, who is now a Widow, are listed as Visitors at the home of R Matson, 27 Princes St, Bishop Auckland.
Peter's occupation is Assistant Onsetter, Ironstone Mine, so presumably he was still living and working in Skelton.
The 9th (Service) Battalion, Yorkshire Regiment was Formed at Richmond, 22 September 1914.
It was attached to 69th Brigade, 23rd Division.
Prior to 1917 it had been involved in the Battles of the Somme in France.
Peter was killed in the Third Battle of Ypres.
An offensive was mounted by Commonwealth forces to divert German attention from a weakened French front further south.
The initial attempt in June to dislodge the Germans from the Messines Ridge was a complete success.
The Infantry attacked on the 31st July after a 2 week Artillery bombardment, which gave the Germans warning and destroyed the drainage of what was to start with a swampy plain.
One of the wettest Summers on record then turned the battleground into pits of mud in which men and horses drowned.
The campaign finally came to a close in November with the capture of Passchendaele.
The 5 mile advance over 3 months had cost 325,000 Allied casualties and a quarter of a million Germans.
Peter Gosling has no known grave and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, which bears the names of 35,000 men.
All around the graves of the largest Commonwealth cemetery in the World.