SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

Page 35.

THE SKELTON PIONEERS - OUR AMERICAN COUSINS.

The grave of William Emerson and his wife Elizabeth in the Methodist Cemetery at Wright's Corner, Dearborn County, Indiana, USA. Both of them, as inscribed on the stone, were born in Skelton in Cleveland, N Yorkshire.

I have received some fascinating emails from Margaret Long of Maryland, USA.
Many of her ancestors lived in Skelton and nearby areas prior to emigrating to the United States in the early 1800's

"I have been reading your web site and I find it most interesting as it tells me more about what life must have been like when my ancestors were living there in the 1600-1830. Thanks for spending so much time putting this web site on the internet so that others can learn.
I have several wills and land deeds for my relatives that once lived at Skelton. Some of the family names were HOOPES, LYNAS, CLARKE, TAYLOR, SAYER, AND LOCKWOOD.
I will be glad to share with you what I have on the early Skelton-in-Cleveland history of my family. Just last week we returned from a trip to England. I spent a day at the Borthwick Institue and a day at the Northallerton Record Office."

On this page of the website there is an old map showing the Skelton Castle lands in 1773. Click here.



Most of the names have disappeared from modern use, but interestingly Margaret has found on one of her family land deeds "Cliff Close" which today is the land stretching from opposite the Wharton Arms up over Flowston as far as Trout Hall Lane.
Other names that she has found and which, to date, we have been unable to locate are Low Holm [8 acres], Bellhead Bank [3 acres], Wandale Close [7 acres] and Hopper House at Moorsholm. As I have advised Margaret, from what she has told me, these plots of land could be several miles from Skelton as Skelton Church parish extended some 4 miles from the boundaries of this old map.


If anyone can provide further information on these old place names or may have family links to the surnames mentioned above, please contact this website and I will put you in touch with Margaret.
EMERSON or EMMERSON.
There are several references to this family on the Skelton website from the early 1800s until well into the 1900s. The Emmersons owned HollyBush Farm, Skelton and the surrounding land. This building stood on the corner of Station Lane and the road to where the old Stationmaster's House still stands. The old sandstone structure was demolished illegally by a local property developer called Howard about the 1980s. His father was had been a well known and well liked builder in Brotton until his greedy son took over and the business vanished.

Hollybush Farm, Skelton, where the Emmersons lived before emigrating to Indiana.

It was an example of the Longhouse Farm, the form of which dates back to the Vikings, where the length of the building is much longer than the width as it had to accommodate the family at one end and the farm animals at the other, often divided off by just a wooden partition. [Built in central heating with a hint of fresh manure.] William Emmerson was born at Hollybush Farm in 1808 and was married to Elizabeth Lockwood in 1832 at Skelton old All Saints Church by the Rev William Close. It would appear that William was the second son and the Skelton farm passed to his elder brother, Stephen. Shortly after marriage William and his new wife emigrated to Dearborn County, Indiana, USA. Afterwards they appear to have elided an M and called themselves EMERSON. Margaret has sent the above photograph of their gravestone. She points out that there are others in the same cemetery and particularly in the nearby West Fork cemetery that record Yorkshire as the place of birth, but this is the only stone that names Skelton. Elizabeth Lockwood's sister, Ellis, had married a John TAYLOR, also from the Skelton area and together they had emigrated to Dearborn County two years earlier. [Ellis was Margaret's Great Great Grandmother.] So these American settlers were often building a new community of old friends and relatives.
The Lawrenceburg Press Newspaper of July 18, 1898 recorded:-
"Death of William Emmerson. He was born at Holly Bush farm, Skelton, Yorkshire, England, May 18, 1808 and died July 7, 1898 at Wright's Corner, aged 90 years, 1 month and 19 days.
....with his wife he started at once to America to travel life's rugged paths together in a new country. He came to Dearborn county, which at the time was almost a wilderness, and settled on the farm on which he lived until his death."
The first homes that these settlers built were of logs and have long since disappeared.
[A third sister of the Lockwoods, Frances, married in 1836 Joseph Kipling, Great Edstone Wesleyan minister. The Kiplings stayed in England and were to become the grandparents of Rudyard Kipling.]
2nd September 2014.
What a fantastic site. I'm impressed.
I wonder if I can pick your brains. I've set myself some research on the Emmerson family of Skelton, particularly those who lived at Hollybush Farm.
John Emmerson (b.1827) was my great grandfather. He was raised on Hollybush Farm by his uncle and aunt, brother and sister Stephen and Hannah Emmerson.
Stephen Emmerson (b.1807), as you probably know, supported the miners and was known as The Miner's Friend.
This advert below appeared on the front page of The Northern Echo on 29th September 1875. (Was B Wild photographer the father of our arctic explorer? ):-
Send six stamps and stamped directed envelope to B WILD, Stationer &c, 129 High St, Skelton in Cleveland
for a life-like PHOTOGRAPH of STEPHEN EMMERSON Esq, "The Miners' Friend".
Photographs of the neighbourhood for framing, 1s 6d each. DUKE AND DUCHESS OF EDINBURGH, 2d each.
Have you any suggestions as to where I might start to look for one of the images.
Yours in hope,
Josie Bland, Skelton-in-Cleveland.

HOOPES, LYNAS, TAYLOR.
Margaret can trace back her ancestry in the Skelton area as far as Robert Hoopes, born in 1603, who was the son of another Robert Hoopes and Margaret Harrison. The Robert Hoopes, born 1603, is the father of Tobias Hoopes born in 1629.
On the 11th June 1656, Tobias HOOPES married in Skelton Phillis LAMB.
Margaret informs me that:-
"This was a civil marriage as there were about 20 years that civil marriages were allowed. Otherwise it seems that all other records of the HOOPES family is in with the Quaker records. (this record was located at the Teesside archives.)"
The HOOPES became members of the Society of Friends or Quakers, the religious group that was started by George Fox in the 1650s.
The page on this website for 1687 records:-
Tobias Hoopes of Skelton is one of four leading Quakers of the area who buy a room in a house in Westgate, Guisborough for a meeting place.
During this century of religious turmoil, Catholics and dissident Protestants were persecuted right up to the Toleration Act of 1689.
Tobias Hoopes and his wife were brought before the North Riding Quarter Sessions in 1677 for having a "worship house" and fined.
A Joshua HOOPES and his wife were at the meeting and received similar punishment.
They emigrated to the USA in 1683.
[Margaret points out that this member of the HOOPES family is probably the ancestor of the correspondent on page 7 of this website's email section who wanted to know the whereabouts close to Skelton of the HOOPES' family homestead.]

The grave of Ellis Taylor in West Fork Cemetery, Dearborn County,Indiana, USA.
Born Skelton in Cleveland in 1799.

Tobias Hoopes lived to the grand age of 89 and Margaret has a copy of his will [1718] which is hard to read and leaves a farm, seemingly called "Baysdale ?" to his son, John.
I have pointed out to Margaret that the only Baysdale on the map today is some 9 miles from Skelton, close to Kildale.
She says that Tobias HOOPES was buried in Skelton.
If the interment was in the Skelton Quaker Cemetery, his body now lies under consecrated ground that is now ploughed up land on the road from New Skelton to Lingdale. See map "Quakers Cemetery and Fords" on this page Click. .
Why this cemetery was allowed to disappear entirely when others are preserved is not known.
The line from Tobias HOOPES to Margaret's ancestors in the USA reads:-

Tobias HOOPES 1629 TO 1718 had a daughter called Hannah HOOPES
This Hannah HOOPES married a Robert LYNAS and had a daughter called Hannah LYNAS
This Hannah LYNAS married in 1715 at [Lofthouse] Loftus, N Yorks, Anthony CLARKE and had in 1738, a daughter called Christian CLARKE
This Christian CLARKE married in 1762 at Skelton John TAYLOR [butcher] and had a son also called John TAYLOR IN 1765.
This John TAYLOR [master mariner] married Elizabeth SAYER at Brotton in 1797 and had a son also called John TAYLOR born at Whitby in 1800.
This John TAYLOR [farmer] married in 1824 Ellis LOCKWOOD who had been born in 1799 at Skelton.
This is the couple who emigrated to Dearborn County in 1830, as told in the story of the Emmersons above, and there was born George LOCKWOOD TAYLOR, who became Margaret's Great Grandfather.
Sadly Ellis died just 5 months after giving birth to George and just a month short of her 35th birthday.
Margaret has many more records on these local family names in this remarkable piece of family research that are too long to record in every detail here.
If you can supply more information please contact this website at the email address on the Introduction page.


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