|SETTLEMENT AND REMOVAL.
Under the Poor Law each small Parish was obliged to look after its own
Paupers. Therefore it became essential for the Overseers, who
administered the system, to know which people they were responsible
for. On behalf of the other ratepayers,
they would go to great lengths to avoid giving "relief" to those who
did not qualify. Everyone had a Parish of "Settlement", which was
usually where they were born. To move from Parish to Parish required a
certificate. Settlement rights in a different Parish could only be
acquired by serving an apprenticeship there; working there for over a
year; owning or renting property with a rateable value over £10.
Women took the Parish of their husband on marriage.
If at any time a non-qualified person became reliant on Poor relief,
the Overseers would apply to the magistrates for a
"removal order", which sometimes required a long examination of the
claimant's life history.