Prior to 1834 people with no income, the old and sick, had to claim dole off their local Parish under the Poor Law.
After 1834 they were put in the Workhouse.
Lloyd-George the new Liberal Chancellor said he wanted to lift the "shadow of the workhouse from the homes of the poor" and made a start towards the Welfare State by introducing a small Old Age Pension.
The amount paid was from 1 shilling to 5 shillings [7s 6d for couples] means tested for incomes less than 21.50 to 31.50.
You had to be over 70, of good character, no charges for drunkenness, never been in jail, never refused work and you had to make a personal claim at the Post Office.
Tom Harker, a miner of North Skelton, was up before the Justices on a charge under the Poaching Prevention Act on the 30th December.
PC Hutchings said that shortly before 6 o'clock in the evening he saw Harker going down the back of Wharton Street, North Skelton and noticed that his pockets were bulky.
As soon as the policeman went towards him, he ran away. The constable chased him and caught him in Vaughan Street.
He found that he had a couple of rabbits in his possession. The animals were warm and their feet were wet.
Harker denied that he had been on any land that day. It was too stormy to go on land in search of rabbits. They had been bought and he denied in Court that he ran away.
The majority of the Justices decided in favour of conviction and he was ordered to pay 10 shillings, inclusive.

8th January - BURKE BEGGING.
Thomas Burke, a tramp, was sent to prison for 7 days hard labour for begging at Skelton last Sunday night.
When arrested he had 1 shilling and 1 penny in his possession.

John Robert Little and William Vasey Snaith, two youths from Skelton Green, were before the Bench on a charge of breaking the glass in street lamps in Back Lane, Skelton on the 20th December.
They each had to pay 10 shillings in fine, damage and court costs. Sir A E Pease said that if anyone else came before the Court on a similar charge, he would be severely dealt with.

22nd January - NO LIGHTS AND A TRAMP.
Sydney Nixon of Lingdale, a telegraph messenger, was discharged on payment of 5 shillings costs for riding a bicycle without a light on the 11th.
At the same Court, Joseph Wilson, a tramp, was sent to prison for 14 days hard labour for begging at the township of Skelton on the 17th.

John Thomas Winter, a miner of Skelton, was charged with being drunk and disorderly at Skelton on the 23rd and assaulting Sgt Gamble on the same occasion.
The Chairman, Sir A E Pease, said that there were a great many previous convictions against Winter and in addition to a 6 shilling fine for being drunk he would have to pay five pounds for the assault or go to prison for one month's hard labour.

. James Richardson, a rolleywayman aged 29, was killed. "He was riding in-bye on a set and, either by striking his head against a tail rope sheave or by falling off the tub top on which he was sitting, had fallen to the ground between the tubs and been run over."

12th February - INDECENCY.
William Ward, a miner of Lingdale, was fined 10 shillings for an act of indecency at the township of Skelton or 7 days hard labour in default.

17th February - MINE DEATH.
North Skelton Mine. Ernest Ditchburn, a miner aged 31, was killed. "He was watching the deputies replace some timber which had been knocked out by a shot, when the roof fell and killed him. The deputies jumped clear."

Parish Magazine - The Members of our CLB gave an entertainment to their friends and relations.
The performance consisted of songs, sketches, funny sayings etc by the CLB troupe of nigger minstrels under the presidency of Staff Sergeant Craven.
The various identities of the minstrels was completely hidden under their effective costumes. Their was an exhibition of physical drill by a squad of lads under Lieutenant Dickinson.
A collection was made towards providing Prayer Books and Bibles for the CLB Bible Classes.

26th February - OBSCENE LANGUAGE.
Harry Bennison, of Skelton, was fined 15 shillings for using obscene language at Skelton on the 14th.
PC Hope said the language was used to some young girls in Skelton High Street and Sir Alfred Pease said the Bench were anxious to support the Police in putting down this behaviour.

Jane and Joseph Flounders of North Skelton were ordered to pay 7 shilling each for keeping a dog with a licence and a further 3 shillings towards the Court costs for allowing the animal to be in the street without a collar.

The Skelton Co-operative Glee Party gave a miscellaneous programme at the Annual Concert in the Skelton Institute on Wednesday last week to a crowded house. Mr Thomas Varty, manager of Park Pit presided over the two and a half hours entertainment.
The glee party, consisting of 25 voices had had a heavy winter's undertaking of Free Co-operative Concerts. Mr Ben Spires was the conductor with his orchestral Band.

Parish Magazine. Subscriptions are now due . The Collections on the Sunday will be divided between the Medical Missions and the General Fund, that in the afternoon will be devoted to the Skelton Bed in the C.M.S Hospital at Kien-ning in China which costs us each year five pounds to support it.
[Since the late 1800s the Church, in the face of great opposition had been trying to spread Christianity to China.]

At the Guisborough Court James Smith, a hawker of that place, was fined 7 shillings for acting as a pedlar at Skelton on the 18th with a license.
John Hunter of Skelton and John Rooks of Lingdale, a miner, were charged with being drunk and disorderly at Skelton and fined 10 shillings.

The Children's Act came into force. It was an attempt to give young people rights under the law and protect them from the many abuses that had been prevalent up to this time.
Among many provisions - Parents could now be prosecuted for ill-treatment and neglect. The sale of tobacco and alcohol to children was banned. They were not allowed to work in dangerous jobs. Young people who broke the law were to be dealt with in juvenile courts and serve time in borstals of character improvement rather than in adult prisons.

On Saturday in the Central Hall, Saltburn the competition for the Ambulance Challenge Cup ended as follows:-
1st South Skelton 321, 2nd Lumpsey 281, 3rd Skelton Park Pit No 2 250, 4th Skelton Park No 1 245, 5th Upleatham 244, and 6th Loftus 163.

Image contributed by Chris Holmes of Carshalton, Surrey.

In the Skelton Ward those elected were Thomas Varty 215, R W Stevenson 168, W H A Wharton 166, R Frankland 157.
Not elected - R Gott 156 and J Wood 144.

Thomas Burkett and Fred Porritt, two tramps, were charged with assaulting PC Kendry at Skelton and Porritt was further charged with begging there.
Burkett was also charged with assaulting Edward Peat, a Skelton miner. He was sent to prison for 6 months hard labour and Porritt got 2 months.

The new Chancellor Lloyd-George introduced a Budget to "wage implacable war on poverty and squalidness". By raising income tax, death duties and capital gains tax it caused uproar among the landed gentry. The House of Lords, which was packed by the aristocracy, caused a constitutional crisis by refusing to pass it, thus leading to a General Election and eventual limitations on their powers with the Parliament Act of 1911.

30th April - DRUNK MINERS.
Richard Pickles Thorpe and Charles Dale, both of North Skelton, were fined 13s 6d inclusive for being drunk and disorderly at Skelton on the 17th.
[Richard's son, also Richard, died as a Prisoner of War on the 8th June 1918.]

Bernard Laurence and Barney Dunlavey, two tramps, were charged with being drunk and disorderly at Skelton on the 11th.
Laurence pleaded guilty and was given 7 days hard labour, while Dunlavey pleaded that he was not drunk and got 14.
When arrested both men laid down on the ground and declined to walk.
At the same Court Charles Wilson, another tramp and an old offender in the district was committed for one month's hard labour for begging in Skelton. He pleaded that he had only asked for his breakfast.
Amy Haywood of 29 Park Street, Skelton charged her husband John William Haywood with persistent cruelty and was granted a separation order, with payments of 10 shilling per week.

The Cleveland Hounds are shortly to remove to new kennels, which are being built for them on the most approved plans.

Fox hunt meets at Skelton Castle.

These are in the grounds of Skelton Castle, the home of Mr W H A Wharton, Master of the Hunt for over 21 years.
He intends to hunt the hounds only on alternate days during the coming season with his kennel huntsman, Mr W Rees. Plenty of litters of foxes have been notified.

18th June - TRAMP IN THE HAY.
James Fewings, a tramping labourer, was charged with sleeping out at Skelton, the previous night.
The Police said that numerous complaints have been made to them by farmers as to their hay being pulled out of the stacks by tramps.
Fewings was found under a haystack at Skelton.
Fewings pleaded that he had walked from Scarborough that day, a distance of 38 miles and was on his way to Middlesbrough to seek employment.
He could not reach Guisborough in time to get a ticket for the Workhouse and thought he was doing no harm resting under the haystack.
The Bench sent him to prision for 14 days hard labour.
The early North Eastern Camp of the CLB will be held at Whitby, where they will assemble for a week's training and exercise. Our Company under the command of Captain Mitchinson will assemble at their headquarters at the Church Rooms at 5 and march to North Skelton Station to entrain at 5.47.

to the children attending our 3 Sunday Schools at the Church Rooms, Infant School and the Mission Room, North Skelton. All did ample justice to the tea, but the Sports were spoiled by rain. It may not be generally known that we have a large staff of teachers, 42 in number.

The children made a pretty sight when the procession was formed outside the Church Rooms to walk up to the Church, headed by the Volunteer Band under Band Sergeant Smith.

June 27th to July 13th - BURIAL OF CHILDREN.
27th Robert Thornton, aged 7 of N Skelton, 30th Walter Rowe, infant of Prospect Place, 13th Dolly Thompson, infant of Skelton, 18th Alice Bell, aged 1y 5mths of N Skelton, 21st Lillian Cooper, infant of N Skelton.

Benjamin Seaman, George Wilford, Edward Futter, John Lowe and Austin Thomas, all miners of Skelton, were charged with playing "banker" on June 20th at Skelton. Fined 7s 6d each and Futter and Lowe discharged.
At the same court Walter Holden, a North Skelton miner was fined 15 shilling for being drunk and disorderly.

3rd to 17th July - THE TERRITORIALS.
The Regimental Camp will be held this year at Richmond, N Yorks.
This movement for Home Defence seems to have caught on at Skelton. We have not for many years seen so many on parade as now march past on a Saturday evening following their band, which we understand has the honour of being band to the Battalion, of which our Company forms a part.
We hear that Captain French has received leave to recruit an additional 25 beyond the number assigned to Skelton, which will bring the number on the roll, including the Band, to 160.

Winston Churchill, then Liberal President of the Board of Trade, speaking at Rushpool Hall, Skelton on 9th August 1909. See the Peoples Budget 29th April above.

5th July - LAMB WORRIED.
Robert Young of Skelton claimed that two dogs belonging to William Wedgewood of Lingdale had worried one of his lambs causing 2 damage.
Wedgewoods defence claimed that the animals were in his brother's house at the time, but the Magistrates decided to convic and ordered him to pay the damages and 15s costs, with an order to keep the dogs under control.

All the Mines were idle on account of the Cleveland Miners Demonstration at Skelton. The streets of the East Cleveland villages were early filled with miners and several bands making their way.

14th July - CHOIR TRIP.
Scarborough was the chosen place. Our party which numbered about 100 were all in good time to catch the special excursion train which left North Skelton at 6.30 a.m. Chief among the new sights was the New Marine Drive, which has proved to be a very expensive luxury for the Scarborough ratepayers. The 3d Ride Round the Town in the Electric Tram Cars seemed to be very popular with our people.

Our Day Schools will break up and reassemble on August 30th. We regret to announce that Mr Rixham after 20 years service, is retiring from the post of Headmaster of the Stanghow Lane Boys School on account of age limit. He previously served the same office at Lingdale for 8 years.
Rushpool Hall.

20th August - NO BULL.
Walter Holden, a miner of North Skelton, was charged with refusing to quit the Bull's Head Hotel, North Skelton on the 7th. He failed to appear.
PC T Hutchings said that when he served the summons on Hodlen, he said - "Have you brought me another 5 note."
Mr W Richardson, prosecuting, said Holden was a violent, bad character. He was forbidden to enter the Hotel but on the day in question he entered in an intoxicated state and began using bad language.
The landlady, Mrs Goodall, spoke to him and asked him to leave, but this he declined to do and got hold of her by the arm and twisted it.
He would not leave until he heard that the police had been sent for. Fined 3 or one month with hard labour.

Skelton Prize Band about this time.
10th September - A BOB EACH WAY.
Thomas Porritt of Brotton was charged with frequenting for the purpose of book-making at Skelton on the 1st.
He was watched by Sgt Walker and PC Hutchings and seen to be moving backwards and forwards between the North Skelton Institute and the Bulls Head Hotel last Wednesday.
He received several slips of paper and on being taken into custody a number of slips relating to horses running that day and a book containing 81 bets were found on him
Many of the bets related to horses running that day of the following day. Most of these were shilling bets.
Porritt told that Court that all he did was to call at certain houses and gather slips. He then sent them away to a commission agent. He got a few shillings for doing this and did not know that he was doing wrong.
Owing to ill health he had been unable to work for 2 years.
The Bench fined him 3 3s including costs and ordered the papers to be confiscated.
10th September - PARK PIT POACHERS.
Robert Pearson and Alfred Sholbrook, both miners of Skelton, were charged with trespassing in pursuit of game at Skelton on the 1st. They allowed their dogs to range the land between Skelton Park Pit and Skelton Green. Case dismissed on payment of costs.

Thomas Hall and Joseph Hall, both miners of North Skelton, were charged with assaulting Frances Harrison, their landlady, at North Skelton on the 12th.
Frances said that she ordered Thomas Hall out of the house on Saturday last. The next day he came for his working clothes. Whilst she was going to give them to him, he came into the house and knocked her down. He also used bad language.
His brother Joseph also joined in.
The defence story was that Frances asked Thomas into the house and immediately set upon him with a stick.
Case dismissed.
Thomas was then charged with stealing a pair of boots, the property of a fellow lodger, Joseph Gray, which he took away with his clothes. The Bench decided there was no felonious intent and dismissed this as well.

17th September - LOOK AFTER YOUR MAM.
Walter Codling, a miner of North Skelton, was ordered to pay 3 12s 6d and costs, being the arrears under an order to contribute towards the support of his mother, who was presumably in the Workhouse.

Mrs Ellis, vicar's wife, invites the help of the old members of this Guild in making garments for the poor and needy in this Parish. Though there is not the same distress in Skelton that is to be seen and felt in other places from poverty and unemployment, there are yet widows, orphans and aged people, who need our sympathy and help and to whom a warm garment or two for winter wear will be a boon. Or give some cast-off articles suitable for children or aged poor.

Daniel Chilvers body found. See next page for story.

1st October - EARLY GUY FAWKES.
William Wright and John Jackson, two youths belonging to Skelton, were charged with letting off fireworks in the High Street, Skelton. Wright, who appeared was ordered to pay the costs, while his companion who failed to attend was penalised to the exten of 10s 6d.

Arthur Morgan and William Kitchen, miners employed at Messrs Bolckow and Vaughan & Co's Long Acre Mine were charged with having committed a breach of the special rule in mines, by neglecting to give a verbal warning that they were about to fire a shot, which was likely to hole into another working place.
Joseph Bean, a pit deputy, said the men had been warned about doing this.
On Saturday a man named Bennet was injured on the head by a piece of stone as a result of a shot being fired through.
Morgan said that he had shouted "Fire" and thought he heard a reply from the adjoining place, but the deputy said they were supposed to go round an check that the men were out.
Mr John Thomson, the manager, said he did not desire to press the case, but give a warning to the miners of the district.
Sir Alfred Pease on the Bench said a mistake had probably been made, but it involved the safety of their own mates and they would have to pay only the Court costs.
He was the guest of the Squire and Mrs Wharton at Skelton Castle. The Drill Hall was turned into a Drawing Room and there after tea in the Church Rooms, Mrs Wharton received the local Church workers. The Church Lads Brigade and Scouts formed a guard of honour.
At night the Parish Church was crowded by working men, between 900 and 1.000 finding seats to hear the Archbishop preach.

William Boyes of Dunsdale, a horse-driver in the Skelton Shaft mine, was charged with a breach of the rules by neglecting to exercise care in the management of a horse, so as to prevent injury to the animal, himself or others.
He had been told by a workman named Alfred Simpson not to pass a certain trap door. Boyes was bringing down a full tub of ironstone and Simpson told him that an empty tub had been "rapped" [signalling system of metal clappers] away.
Boyes, ignoring the caution, went on and the tub went off the rails. The empty set came on, the horse was struck on its hind quarters and knocked down.
It was a miracle that both Boyes and the horse were not killed. If the tub had not left the rails it is doubtful whether there would have been sufficient time for him to have got into a siding.
Mr Tommy Vary, the Mine Manager, said he did not want to press the case, but give a warning that more care should be exercised by the driver lads in obeying those over them. Fined 12s 26d.

Meet at the Council Offices, High St on the first Friday in each month.
Members for Skelton North Ward were:-
Robert Cross [butcher, N Skelton].
Thomas Varty [vice chairman] [manager Park Pit].
W H A Wharton.
John Wood.
William Templeman.
Robert Walter Stevenson.
For Skelton South Ward:-
James Milligan.
Henry T Allison
Noah Teasdale.

2nd November - DESERTED FERRET.
Stephen H Rowe, a miner of Margrove Park, was charged with trespassing in pursuit of game at Skelton Warren.
He was seen near some rabbit burrows and when he saw that he was under observation, he bolted, leaving his net and ferret behind. He did not appear in Court and was fined 1 and costs.

Fred Elbridge, of 14 Bolckow St, Guisborough, met with a nasty accident whilst cycling on Sunday afternoon. He attempted to ride down the steep bank, leading from Skelton Green to Skelton and losing control of his machine, dashed into the wall of a house near the turn in the bank.
He was severely injured about the head and was taken to the Skelton Miners' Hospital, where his injuries were found to be of a serious nature.

Mary Ann Bell summoned her husband, Michael Bell, a miner of Skelton, for persistent cruelty and applied for a maintenance order against him.
Defence and prosecution said they had agreed on an order for 8 shillings, but the Court wanted to hear some evidence.
Mary said that they had been married for 7 years and she formerly kept the Green Tree Inn at Brotton. She then went to Saltburn and took in visitors and afterwards to Redcar, where she kept a Temperance Hotel.
Her husband, however, still lived at Skelton and only came to see her at week-ends. He used her very cruelly, taking her by the neck and used threats to her. She had been forced to see a doctor through his ill-usage.
On the 29th October he had threatened to use a knife on her. When she married Bell, she had a good sum of money, but he had gone through it in horse-racing. He had caused her trouble lately because she would not part with her furniture.
The order for 8 shillings was granted.

William Bell, of Skelton, a groom, was charged with breaking into the dwelling house of Isabella Bell, his Step-mother between the 6th and 8th November and stealing a case of silver dessert spoons and other articles of the value of 5.
Isabella said that she lived Skelton High Street and on the 6th she left the house securely locked up.
When she retured on the 8th, she found the bedroom door had been forced open and a large box ransacked. A desk had been broken open.

William Mott.
Headmaster of Skelton Green Junior School.
Skelton Co-operative Society Committee Member from 1905.
President 1923 to 1956.
Lived at 92 High Street, Skelton.
[Photograph kindly contributed by -
James Wilks of Skelton.]
She had had occasion to turn William out of the house on Saturday, owing to his conduct.
When arrested William said - "I got into the house with a key and I got the spoons and the violin cover, which was mine."
He had tried to dispose of the spoons and pleaded Guilty. Sentenced to 14 days imprisonment.

Thomas Hall, of no fixed abode, a native of Skelton, was charged with sleeping in a railway carriage at Saltburn, without having any visible means of subsistence on the 14th.
Supt Rose said that Hall would not work when it was found for him. He was absolutely lazy and had been convicted at that Court as a rogue and vagabond.
He asked for him to be committed to Northallerton prison to undergo hard labour until the next Quarter Sessions, when he could be dealt with as an incorrigible.
The Bench complied with his request.

23rd December - DESERTED WIFE.
Harriet Calvert of Park Street, Skelton sought a maintenance order from her husband Arthur W Calvert, a mine tipper, employed at Lingdale.
The application was made on grounds of desertion and this was not denied. Mr Hoggett for Arthur said the parties had agreed on 8 shillings. Mr Robson for Harriet denied this and said 12. The Bench fixed the payment at 10.

South Skelton mine was acquired by Bolckow and Vaughan.
10 houses were built on Boosbeck Rd, Skelton Green. 8 houses were built in Thomas St, New Skelton.

Dec 24th - MINE INJURY.
Paddy White was injured at South Skelton Mines.

Next Page - 1909 - Murder in Skelton Beck.
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