1789 -London Gazette -
THE Names of those who were nominated for Sheriffs by the Lords of the Council at the Exchequer, on the Morrow of St. Martin, in the Thirtieth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, and in the Year of our Lord, 1789.
Yorkshire, - Sir George Armytage, of Kirklees Bart. John Wharton, of Skelton Castle,Esq; Charles Slingsby Duncombe, of Duncombe Park, Esq;
Mr John Marley, discoverer of the Cleveland main seam of iron ore wrote in 1856 -
|but the late Mr. Wharton would not listen to any proposal.
The late Mr. Rutter, land-agent, had in his possession, as recently as
1850, three original letters of this correspondence, but, which, I have not been able to see.
John Wharton of Skelton Castle was returned as
MP for Beverley, beginning a 40 year association with that East Riding
town that was to lead to his eventual financial downfall.
John Wharton must have made an excellent job of this palm greasing as
he received 908 votes from the 1,069 voters, including a high
proportion of the working-class and London voters.
Wharton was an active Whig with radical views. He was a prominent, but moderate member of the Constitutional Society in the 1790s, besides being a member of the Friends of the People and of the Friends of the Liberty of the Press.
In parliament he was a staunch supporter of the abolition of slavery and favoured relief for Roman Catholics and constitutional and parliamentary reform.
His resounding success in the 1790 election gained him a considerable popular following in Beverley and his overt political position led to the development of clear Whig and Tory factions in the town.
|The marriage took place of John Wharton of
Skelton Castle at Lambton, Co Durham to Susan Mary Anne, second
daughter of General John Lambton.
Death of Ann Stevenson, wife of the late John Hall Stevenson.
1791 - Building of the chemists shop at 72 High St.
The death at Thirsk of Margaret Wharton, the great aunt of John Wharton] of Skelton Castle, who inherited her fortune.
|Margaret Wharton was buried in York Minster,
where a memorial reads:-
IN A VAULT UNDER THIS MARBLE ARE DEPOSITED THE REMAINS OF MARGARET WHARTON, DAUGHTER AND COHEIRESS OF ANTHONY WHARTON ESQr. OF GILLINGWOOD HALL IN THIS COUNTY, WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE THE 9TH OF SEPBR 1791 IN THE 97TH YEAR OF HER AGE.
Margaret Wharton had earned a reputation for being a wealthy
miser and was known as "Peg Pennyworth", even being the subject of a
farce by the same name based on her eccentricity.
1794 - John Wharton lost the election in Beverley after
he disagreed with some of his previous supporters over the war with
Prime Minister Billy Pitt proposed that the County Lord Lieutenants should form Volunteer forces and the landed Gentry and
Yeomanry should create Cavalry units for home defence. On the 17th April an Act was passed bringing this into force.
Members of the Cavalry had to be men of means, having to provide their own horse and equipment and have the time to train and be available for action in the event of an invasion.
The Revolutionary War ended with a short peace in 1801 and caused the Yeomanry to be disbanded, but the threat of Napoleon arose soon after and the Government ordered the formation of local Volunteer Units, which evolved through various names into the Territorial Force of the First World War and the Territorial Army of today.
1795 - From this year until 1816, William Barwick became the priest at Skelton All Saints Church.
|The winter of 1794 to 5 was one of the severest in living
memory with hard frosts and snow from December to March.
Snow still lay on the Cleveland hills in May.
Bad weather conditions had a more serious effect on people's lives then than today.
Most worked in agriculture and those who did not 'live-in' could not earn. Fuel was used up.
The fact that the country was at war with France added to the problems.
There was a shortage of corn, which drove up the price of bread and there were riots in some places.
Poaching was rife.
The landed classes had always considered that any wild life that moved across their property belonged to them.
From Norman times, and probably long before, any peasant who trespassed on the Lord's hunting preserve was liable to harsh penalties.
In these times of dearth these were severe.
From 1760 night poachers were liable to 3 to 6 months prison with hard labour and second offenders given 6 to 12 months with a public whipping.
From 1782 to 1799 there were only 26 convictions for poaching in the N Riding of Yorkshire.
To save a family from starvation the risk was taken in Skelton.
It is recorded:-
|"by October 1880 the game upon the manors of John Wharton
of Kilton, Skelton and Brotton was nearly
In 1800 new legislation made convicted poachers liable to 2 years hard labour and a whipping.
Offenders over 12 could be sent for military service.
1799 - John Wharton was returned to Parliament as the
MP for Beverley, coming second in the bye-election which had been
caused by the death of the sitting MP.
Income tax introduced for the first time, at two pence in the
pound for those with incomes of more than £60 a year rising to
two shillings in the pound on incomes of more than £200 a year.
1801 - The first national census was carried out by
house to house enquiry.
|Britain had been at war with France since 1793 and in
response to Napoleon gathering an army to invade a survey of available
manpower was ordered by the government.
All of Europe was in fear of Napoleon.
This was the time when the populace of Hartlepool supposedly hanged a shipwrecked monkey, thinking it was a Frenchman.
"Returns for townships in the Wapentake of Langbaurgh East under the Defence Act 38 Geo IIIc 27 and by order of the general meeting of lieutenancy 22 September 1801" were demanded.
Three forms of schedules were despatched to parish constables and required the following information:-
|Schedule 1. Total of men between the ages of 15 and 60 ,
those infirm or incapable of active service, those serving in volunteer
corps or armed associations, aliens, Quakers, persons who from age,
infancy, infirmity or other cause would probably be incapable of
Schedule 2. Number of stock, oxen, cows, young cattle and colts, sheep and goats, pigs, horses, waggons and carts, corn mills and the quantity of corn they could mill in 24 hours, number or ovens and the quantity of bread they could bake in 24 hours, the average amounts of dead stock - wheat, oats, barley, beans and peas, hay, straw, potatoes and quantities of flour and meal.
Schedule 3. Number of persons between the ages of 15 and 60 willing to serve and in what capacity; on horseback or on foot. How armed; swords or pistols for cavalry, firelocks or pikes for foot. Number of persons between the ages of 16 and 60 willing to act as pioneers or labourers. The implements they can bring - felling axes, pick axes, spades, shovels, bill hooks, saws or other instruments they can bring. Number of persons between the ages of 15 and 60 willing to act as servants with cattle, as servants with teams and as guides.