SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

1342 ~ 1400



The Bubonic Plague
1348 - Death of John de Fauconberg of Skelton Castle.

He was succeeded by his son, Walter, who was married to Maud, the daughter of John, Lord of Pateshull.

John de Fauconberg may well have been a victim of the Black Death, as the bubonic plague spread across Britain about this time.

1349 - The Inquisitiones Post Mortem 23 Edward III, which is a survey of the assets of the Fauconbergs on the death of John, states:-

"In demesne, 24 bovates of weak and Moorish land, each worth 4 shillings...before the mortality of men in these parts this year."

"30 acres of meadow each worth 1shilling per annum before the Death."
"3 water mills of which one is weak and ruinous....worth 4 before the Death."


Marble tombstone in
Skelton OldChurch


Edward III from his effigy
in Westminster Abbey.

The castle is described in this year as being difficult to maintain.

There is a mention of a:-

"park of oaks with game, called le Wespark' and 'Maugrey Park with deer" The area to the west of Skelton Castle, to Skelton Ellars and over Airey Hill to Margrove Park was part of the private woodland hunting reserve of Skelton Castle.
In this and the following years the bubonic plague killed a half to two thirds of the population of England.
It would seem from the above that most of the population of Skelton died.

1350 - "Speech......especially in Yorkshire is so harsh and rude that we southern men can hardly understand it." states a book of this year.
So nowt new there then, but an indication that English was developing into a National language and Chaucer was soon to be writing the Canterbury Tales.

1353 - Dec to March 54. A long severe winter in Britain.

1356 - The "opening" of Parliament was conducted in English instead of French.

1360 - Statute of Pleading ordered that all matters in the Courts of Justice should be conducted in English.


Stone Coffins in Old All Saints Church.
1362 - Death of Walter de Fauconberg of Skelton Castle. He was succeeded by his son, Thomas de Fauconberg who came into two thirds of the estate and the other third was settled on his mother Isabel.
Thomas was insane and his two thirds were put in the charge of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland.

The blue marble tombstone in old Skelton Church is believed to mark the resting place of one or more of the Fauconbergs

1366 - Rights of mines and quarries in Skelton are mentioned in document Edward III 40.

1377 - Death of Edward III and accession of Richard II.

The First Poll Tax was imposed on all persons over the age of 14 and set at one Groat [4 old pence, 1.6 new pence] per person.

Stone coffins have been unearthed in the cemetery which surrounds old All Saints Church, near Skelton Castle and these are now kept within the Church itself.

They have never been dated, but are probably from the time of the Fauconbergs.


Richard II

1381 - Third Poll Tax imposed on all persons aged 15 years or more, at one shilling per person.

Peasants Revolt: began and Watt Tyler marched on London in protest against the poll tax.

1388 - Statute of Cambridge, a 'Poor Law' which forbade servants from leaving their own area, termed 'their hundred' and made each area responsible for their own poor. No real provision was made for the sick and poor who for the next 200 years depended on charity alone.

1396 - A charter records a grant of 'a burgage with croft next to 'Potteraw', which has been assumed by some to be a street in Skelton inhabited by potters.
Some archaeologists have suggested that Skelton at this time distributed its pottery over a wide area, however given that there was only one potter in 1301, the ravages of the black death during the last century and the record of a 'waste burgage' in 1407, this is questionable.

1399 - Murder of Richard II and accession of Henry IV.


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