|It has been reckoned that the Skelton estate had
some 2000 acres of farmland owned by the lord of the manor and worked
These were the peasants who held a plot of land from the lord with
obligations to work on his.]
[A modern theory suggests that Skelton itself had fewer
villeins and labour was supplied by other hamlets - Stanghow, Moorsolm.
Note on the map the quarries from which Skelton Castle and
most other local sandstone buildings have been built and which were
worked until the nineteenth century.
1295 - John Balliol allied with the king of France and
rebelled against Edward I. The De Brus's of Annandale were driven out
1296 - Robert de Bruce of Annandale swore fealty to
Edward I, who invaded Scotland and dealt severely with those whom he
saw as rebels.
Balliol was taken prisoner to England and Scotland placed
under an English overlord.
De Bruce, for acknowledging Edward, recovered Annandale.
1297 - William Wallace defeated the English overlord of
Scotland at Stirling.
1298 - Edward I defeated Wallace at Falkirk.