1/4TH   BATTALION
Alexandra,  Princess   of   Wales's   Own
YORKSHIRE   REGIMENT
Page 6 - 28 April 1915. Gas. Battle of St Julien.


The Road to Ypres through Vlamertinghe, 1915.
Etching by Canadian Lieut C H Barraud.

26 APRIL. The Battalion spent two days at Camp "A" between Vlamertinghe and Ypres.
"Of the huts we saw little, as they were uninhabitable."
During this time they were shelled intermittently.
"Lt A Beresford-Peirse and 9 other ranks were wounded."

27 APRIL.

1613 Pte Moody Harold. Home at Lingdale N Yorks. Born Eston Yorks and enlisted at Skelton in Cleveland, N Yorks. Died of wounds, presumably received on the 24th. He is buried at Longuenesse Military [Hospital] Cemetery, St Omer.
28 APRIL. The Battalion was ordered to relieve the 5th Yorks Bn in trenches on the Northern side of the Fortuin to Passchendaele road.
They had a rough time getting forward and did not get there until the 30th.

2 Companies were attached to the Kings Somerset Light Infantry and the other 2 to the London Rifle Brigade.
The march to the trenches is described as going through hell on earth, by now strewn with dead animals and bits of everything recognisable in the way of equipment.
They had to pass through the village of St Jean which was "utterly destroyed and slightly more objectionable than Ypres; church gutted, graveyard shelled and a heap of coffins and battered headstones."
The trenches had been quickly made and provided poor protection - "very bad, narrow, with scarcely any traverses, nothing at all behind and only funk holes for shelter". 5 days of fighting with many losses followed.

The then Chief of Staff of the British Army, Sir John French, had realised that following the German gains of the 22nd April the situation of troops in the Ypres Salient was perilous.

While Battalions such as the 4th Yorks were holding the Germans, others were furiously digging a new line of trenches to which all would fall back on May the 3rd.

North East Gazette, 28th:- "LOCAL TERRITORIALS WOUNDED.
News has been received at Skelton, N Yorks that five members of the local detachment F Peggs, S Shaw, J Thornton, J Smith and J Holden have been wounded. It is understood that some of them have already arrived in this country. All the men reside in Old Skelton with the exception of Holden, who lives at North Skelton. Thornton is particularly well known, as he is the drummer in the Battalion band, and Peggs is a butcher employed by the Skelton Co-op Society. The others are miners. So far as is known their injuries are not very serious. Postcards have been received indicating that several Guisborough Territorials have also been wounded."


German Infantry. Men of Regiment No 236 at St Julien.
With hand grenades, stick grenades, Mauser rifle with fixed bayonet.


29 APRIL.
2884 Pte Hicks William Arthur. Home at - 29 Tees St, East Loftus, N Yorks, place of enlistment. Killed in action. Age 29. Menin Gate Memorial Ypres. "A" Company.
1740 Pte Robinson John Robert. Born at Redcar and enlisted at Yarm N Yorks. Killed in action. Age 25. Menin Gate Memorial Ypres.
1238 Drummer Rogers John William. Born and enlisted at Middlesbrough, N Yorks. Died of wounds. Boulogne [Hospital] Eastern Cemetery.

30 APRIL.


1830 Pte Rust Edward. Home at The Vicarage, Hamsteels, Co Durham. Born at Gateshead on Tyne. Enlisted at Catterick, N Yorks. Died of wounds. Age 19. Buried at Hazebrouck Communal Cemetery, Casualty clearing cemetery, 56k South East of Ypres.
1270 Pte Wilson John. Home at 4 Stapylton St, Grangetown, Middlesbrough. Born Eston. Enlisted Normanby. Killed in action. Age 22.

Sir John French was Chief of Staff of the British Army from the start of the War in August 1914.
In December 1915, he was replaced by Sir Douglas Haig.


[He served under the surname Wilson, but his real name was Betteridge.] Commemorated on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.
1 MAY.
The following 6 men gave their lives this day and are remembered on the Menin Gate Memorial:-

1915 Pte Easom John. Home at 31 Wood St, Grangetown, N Yorks. Born and enlisted at Eston, N Yorks. Killed in action. Age 27.
394 Pte Jarvis Frank. Home at - 33 Gladstone St, Eston, N Yorks, place of birth and enlistment. Killed in action. Age 29.
2407 Pte Peterson Harold. Home at Sunderland, Co Durham, place of birth. Enlisted at Northallerton, N Yorks. Died of wounds.
1939 Pte Sellers William. Home at Eston N Yorks, place of birth. Enlisted at Normanby, N Yorks. Killed in action.
1667 Pte Smith Raymond George. Born at Boosbeck, N Yorks and enlisted at Guisborough, N Yorks. Killed in action. 150501 Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.
575 L/Cpl Wanless James Joseph. Born and enlisted at Eston N Yorks. Killed in action.
2 MAY.
From noon until 4pm the Germans kept up a constant hail of shells. Then once again they released chlorine gas. It was now less of a

Shelled Church at St Julien.

surprise and the troops had improvised respirators "made of cotton-wool, handkerchiefs, mufflers and even towels soaked in soda or whatever moisture was available."
The line held and frustrated all German attempts to take advantage of the gas.
A Sergeant, Wilf Parker, of the 4th Yorkshires, wrote to his friend in Northallerton:-
"...The worst day we had was Sunday, when the Germans started to advance.
At about 4.30 their artillery commenced to shell us and they didn't half send the shells flying.
Then the Germans came out of their trenches and we let them have it.
We kept firing away but then they sent their gas shells among us.
Oh dear! the smell is fearful.
The poor fellows in the thick of it are absolutely helpless
It gives one a horrible feeling and one hardly knows what he is doing.
Just at this stage George Chapman got killed..."

By 8pm all was quiet again.
The Battalion War Diary states that during this period 6 officers were wounded and one gassed.
34 other ranks were killed and 74 wounded.
The Diary makes special mention of Major H.L. De Legh for his gallantry in getting 15 wounded men out of a burning cellar which had been set on fire by the enemy's Artillery.
Report in local paper:-
Those immediately behind the fighting line attending to wounded have more than their share of excitement. It is no unusual thing for the stretcher bearers to be under severe shell fire.
Deeds are performed daily which are worthy of distinctions, yet thos responsible for these are the last to make them known or claim credit.
There has just come through news of a particularly meritorious achievement by those whose place is just behind the line temporarily repairing damage in hot conflicts.
A farmhouse used as a resting place for wounded, pending the arrival of the motor ambulances, was the object of a terrific fire.
Scores of shells, as well as some incendiary bombs were directed at it, with the inevitable result that the house was soon in flames.
The farmstead was burning furiously. Beneath in a cellar were over a dozen serious cases of wounded, some of them officers.
There was no time to be lost. A few minutes delay would have meant the suffocation, if not the actual roasting to death of these injured and helpless soldiers.
There was no house near to which they could be taken and their removal from the farm could only be undertaken by the ambulance section at grave personal risk.
With not a moment's hesitation the 5 stretcher bearers and the doctor in charge descended to the cellar. So close were they to the flames that their hair was singed.
After a few minutes work all the wounded who were alive were rescued. One soldier collapsed and died in the arms of the doctor as he was being carried out.
The wounded had to be left on the ground a short distance away. There they remained exposed to the dropping shells.
One fell in the midst of them, but by the greatest good fortune all the cases escaped with further injuries.
Sgt A Pallister wrote home:-
If Major De Legh's friends could only have seen him they would have been proud. He had a dressing station about two miles from the trench, but not half far enough.
After dressing hundreds of wounded in four days, he found his place shelled by the Germans. The Doctor sent for an ambulance wagon to get the wounded away and when it arrived the enemy turned their guns on it - the cowards.
Then they fired petrol shells into the farmhouse and set it on fire.
It was then the Major distinguished himself. He worked like a lion and never flinched, although shrapnel and maxim bullets were showering round him. He got all the men out through a small window just in time, for the house collapsed immediately afterwards.
He set them in a row a few yards from the burning house and the Germans dropped another shell among them. One poor fellow died from the shock. The others were with great difficulty and risk got away.


Ptes Wallace, Woodrow, Readman and Signaller L Ward, all belonging to the 4th Yorks, from the Carlin How and Skinningrove district are suffering from wounds and gas fumes received during the engagement in which the Territorials recently took part.

Further casualties are reported in the ranks of the 4th Yorks. Private A Brigham, son of Mr and Mrs Brigham of 15 Talbot St, Middlesbrough has been killed. Private Frank Brown, son of Mr and Mrs A Brown of 3 Apsley St, Middlesbrough has been wounded.

Lieut Edward Williams, 4th Yorks, son of Major Penry Williams MP, who was gassed during the recent fighting, has been brought home to England and is now in hospital in Oxford.
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