The Museum contains five main collections:-
1. Porcelains (Early Bone China, later Felspar porcelains) and Other Ceramic Bodies Included in this collection are several large early tea and dessert services, featuring hand-painted floral, botanical, ornithological and Japanese subjects. There are also fine specimen pieces from numerous other services, pieces made for the Prince Regent, and vases and decorative items of all descriptions, some of which are extremely rare. Most of the exhibits date from the pre-1833 Spode period, but there are also many later items, including several spectacular items painted by C.F. Hurten, possibly the finest ceramic artist of his day. There are also numerous examples of wares in other ceramic bodies, such as stoneware, caneware, redware, basalt and stone china, and of rare pieces in Josiah Spode's early experimental porcelains.
Many of the items in this collection were collected by the Copeland family to form the Museum Collection in the 1920s, and the Collection has been extensively enlarged in the 1950s and the 1990s making it truly representative of the productions up to the present. There is a large reserve collection which is not displayed.
2. Blue and White Earthenwares This collection, presently housed in the Georgian "Blue Room", contains many of the earliest Blue and White earthenware pieces made by Spode, and also some of the earlier Chinese pieces from which the Spode patterns were inspired
3. Pattern Books From around 1800, most of the patterns painted by Spode's artists were recorded in Pattern books. These books contain watercolour paintings of tens of thousands of patterns made between 1800 and the present day and are a unique historical document.
5. Other Archive Material This collection includes manuscripts, letters, invoices, and documents of all sorts relating not only to Spode but also to various other aspects of ceramic making in Staffordshire.
4. Copperplates This collection comprises some thousands of copperplates, engraved over 200 years, from which transfer prints were taken for printed ceramic wares. They include a wide variety of subjects and are fine examples of the engraver's art.