November 19th, 1944
UNITED KINGDOM: Douglas (Model DC-3A-456) C-47A-80-DL, msn 19512, USAAF serial number 43-15046, crashes at Lewes, Sussex, England, at 1510 hours local. The aircraft strikes a hill while flying in low overcast, explodes and burns; 25 of the 30 people aboard are killed. (Jack McKillop)
WESTERN EUROPE: Over 450 USAAF Ninth Air Force A-20 Havocs, A-26 Invaders, and B-26 Marauders bomb storage depots, bridge, junction, ordnance depots, and defended positions in or near ten German towns and cities; fighters escort the bombers, carry out patrols, and fly armed reconnaissance hitting rail facilities and other targets over western German areas including Euskirchen, Trier, Saarbrucken, Julich, and Cologne; the IX, XIX, and XXIX Tactical Air Commands support the US VII, XII, XIX, and XX Corps areas east of Aachen and near Hurtgen, Germany, between Metz, France and Saarlautern, Germany and near Sarreguemines, France. (Jack McKillop)NETHERLANDS: The British XII and VII Corps advance near Venlo.
FRANCE: French Army attacks, in the south, reach Belfort and cross into Switzerland north of Basle.
In the U.S. Third Army area, XX Corps closes circle around Metz as the 90th, 95th, and 5th Infantry Divisions join hands. The 90th Infantry Division concludes its operations against Metz and halts upon order along the Nied River: the 357th Infantry Regiment drives to the Nied west of Boulay-Moselle; the 359th plugs a German escape route at Les Etangs; the Reconnaissance Troop establishes contact with 5th Infantry Division. Task Force Bacon, 95th Infantry Division, is clearing the streets in the northeast part of Metz; the 377th and 378th Infantry Regiments drive into Metz from the northwest, crossing the Moselle River. The 5th Infantry Division continues to clear the southern part of Metz The 10th Armored Division, in order to speed their drive to the Sarre River, withdraws Combat Command A's Nied bridgehead, during the nigh of 19/20 November, and blows the bridges. In the XII Corps area, Combat Command B of 6th Armored Division begins attack through the 137th Infantr y Regiment of 35th Infantry Division and, assisted by the 137th, takes Bertring and Gros Tenquin; Virming falls to 320th Infantry Regiment. The 26th Infantry Division commits its full strength to attack against the Dieuze-Bonestroff line, meeting stiff opposition from German forces covering a general withdrawal, which is accomplished during the night of 19/20 November: the 104th and 101st Infantry Regiments fight in vain for Marimont and Marimont Hill (Hill 334) during the day but move forward as the Germans withdraw after nightfall; the 328th Infantry Regiment, reinforced by elements of the 4th Armored Division, is committed against Dieuze arid, upon the German withdrawal, enters together with the 2d Cavalry Group and takes the bridge intact. Combat Command A, 4th Armored Division, enters the battle in the zone of the 26th Infantry Division, recapturing Rodalbe and helping the 320th Infantry Regiment of 35th Infantry Division to take Virming. (Jack McKillop)
In the U.S. Seventh Army's XV Corps area, the 44th Infantry Division, pushing toward Sarrebourg, takes Ibigny and St Georges. The German line along the Vezouse River in the Blmont-Cirey area collapses as the 79th Infantry Division completes the capture of Fremonville and Combat Command R, French 2d Armored Division, takes Cirey. To exploit the breakthrough, Combat Command L begins a drive to secure Saverne Gap, through which the advance can be continued to Strasbourg. The 79th Infantry Division, instead of helping the 44th Infantry Division take Sarrebourg, is to exploit the success of French armor and protect the southern flank of the corps. The VI Corps closes along the Meurthe River and prepares to attack across it. The 100th Infantry Division, already east of the Meurthe River, continues to advance in the Raon area, the 398th Infantry Regiment pushing south across the Plaine River to gain control of the road southeast from the town and the 397th Infantry working on a quarry strongpoint at the edge of town. The Division Reconnaissance Troop and the 117th Reconnaissance Squadron advance to Badonviller without opposition. (Jack McKillop)
In the French First Army's I Corps area, the 2d Moroccan Division, supported by the 5th Armored Division, reaches Chalonvillars, a suburb of Belfort. The 1st Armored Division tries unsuccessfully to open a route to Dannemarie so that 5th Armored Division may drive on Cernay via Fontaine; continuing reconnaissance eastward along three routes on the right flank, gets elements to the Rhine River at Rosenau at 1830 hours. The French are thus the first of the Allied forces to reach the Rhine, but on a narrow front in a sector where the road net is too poor to support an advance in strength. Among the villages taken, Seppois is the first in Aisace to be recovered by the French.
NETHERLANDS: The British XII and VII Corps advance near Venlo.
GERMANY: Allied troops enter the Rhineland, and US tanks reach the Saar river.
In the British Second Army's XXX Corps area, 334th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. 84th Infantry Division continues to clear the Prummern area and tries in vain to take Mahogany Hill; the 333d Infantry attacks up the Wurm River valley toward Wurm, taking Geilenkirchen and Sueggerath. In the XII Corps area, the 51st Division takes Helden and Panningen and makes contact with the 15th Infantry Division of VIII Corps. (Jack McKillop)
In the U.S. Ninth Army's XIX Corps area, Combat Command B of the 2d Armored Division repels determined counterattack against Apweiler. Combat Command A, reinforced by a battalion of the bn of the 119th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, attacks in two columns from Setterich and Puffendorf toward a spur of high ground between Ederen and Frelaldenhoven, one column reaching positions near Freialdenhoven. The 29th Infantry Division clears the rest of Setterich and an antitank ditch east of the village and then advances to take the villages of Duerboslar and Schleiden. The 30th Infantry Divisionbs 117th Infantry Regiment, with powerful support of heavy weapons, easily takes St Joeris and Kinzweiler. (Jack McKillop)
In the U.S. First Army's VII Corps area, the 104th Infantry Division mops up and shifts its main weight of attack to the Eschweiler-Weisweiler industrial complex north of the Inde River. On the north flank of the 1st Infantry Division, the 47th Infantry Regiment column drives northwest along Hamich Ridge from Hill 232 to the base of Hill 187; the 16th Infantry Regiment finishes clearing Hamich and pushes to the southern part of Bovenberger Wald; the reserve regt, the 18th Infantry, begins an attack in the center of the division line toward Langerwehe. previously the objective of the 26th Infantry Regiment, reaching the vicinity of Wenau; the 26th Infantry, whose objectives are now Juengersdorf and Merode, commits reinforcements and advances to positions less than 500 yards (457 meters) from Laufenburg Castle. The 4th Infantry Division suspends eastward attacks in order to consolidate and try to close gap between the 8th and 22d Infantry Regiments. In the V Corps area, Li eutenant General Courtney Hodges orders the corps to begin offensive on 21 November instead of waiting as planned until VII Corps has broken through the German defenses west of the Roer River in order to assist VII Corps. (Jack McKillop)
In the U.S. Third Army area, XX Corps area, Combat Command B, 10th Armored Division, is meeting stiffer opposition as it approaches Merzig and the Saar River. (Jack McKillop)
AUSTRIA: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators and B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb four targets in Vienna and targets in five cities. In Vienna, 143 bomb the Winerhafen oil storage facility, 98 hit the Lobau oil refinery, 52 attack the Schwechat benzine synthetic oil refinery and 56 bomb the Vosendorf oil refinery; three aircraft are lost. Other targets are: 54 bomb the Hermann Goering benzine synthetic oil refinery at Linz, 45 hit Horsching Airfield, 13 attack the aircraft engine plant at Wiener Neudorf and one each bomb the marshalling yard at Leoben and a railroad bridge. (Jack McKillop)
CZECHOSLOVAKIA: One USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bomber bombs a railroad, a target of opportunity. (Jack McKillop)
HUNGARY: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bomber attack two targets: 24 aircraft bomb the marshalling yard at Gyor and six bomb the marshalling yard at Kesztheley. (Jack McKillop)
BALTIC SEA: U-481 sank Soviet barge 112600 (No 4532). (Dave Shirlaw)
ALBANIA: Partisan fighters led by Enver Hoxha liberate Tiranė.
ITALY: Fog and low clouds force cancellation of USAAF Twelfth Air Force missions against western Po Valley targets and limit fighter-bombers to a midday attack on rail lines, guns, troop concentrations, motor transport, and other military targets in and near the battle area south of Bologna. (Jack McKillop)
During the night of 19/20 November, USAAF Twelfth Air Force A-20 Havocs attack Po River crossings, airfields and lights in the Po Valley. (Jack McKillop)
YUGOSLAVIA: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers hit two targets: 23 bomb the marshalling yard at Maribor and one hits the marshalling yard at Sisak. (Jack McKillop)
RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group hit four targets during the day: 65 bomb troop concentrations at Podgorica, 42 attack a pontoon bridge at Visegard, 15 hit troop concentrations at Sjenica with the loss of two aircraft, and 15 bomb troop concentrations at Novi Pasar. (Jack McKillop)
GREECE: Land Forces Greece and Military Liaison Greece are integrated as Headquarters Land Forces and Military Liaison Greece, under Lieutenant General Sir Ronald Scobie, General Officer Commanding British Troops in Greece. (Jack McKillop)
BURMA: British troops launch Operation Extended Capital, aiming to sweep towards Rangoon and Meiktila on a wide front.
In the British Fourteenth Army's IV Corps area, the Indian 19th Division begins crossing the Chindwin River at Sittaung. (Jack McKillop)
Fifteen USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts support ground forces attacking Bhamo and fighting in the Pinwe area while 36 P-47s hit enemy concentrations at Man Mao, Sekang, and Manlu. (Jack McKillop)
USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb bridges at Tingka and Wan Lai-Kam. (Jack McKillop)
CHINA: Three USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb Samah Bay docks on Hainan Island. Ten B-25 Mitchells damage two buildings north of Chefang; eight P-40s and P-38 Lightnings hit targets of opportunity south of Tingka and Chefang; 19 P-40s blast troops and river, rail, and road traffic in the Hankow area; and 27 P-40s, P-51 Mustangs, and P-38s hit numerous targets of opportunity in the Mangshih area. (Jack McKillop)
NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-25 Mitchells hit Sidate, Mapanget, and Borebore on Celebes Island while other B-25s and A-20 Havocs hit airfields and shipping in the Ceram Island-Ambon Island-Boeroe Island area.
COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The 77th Infantry Division, en route to Leyte, is ordered to release a detachment of some 1,200 men, upon landing, for a projected operation against Mindoro.
In the U.S. Sixth Army's X Corps area on Leyte, the 1st Battalion of the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32d Infantry Division, continues efforts to drive the Japanese from Corkscrew Ridge. The 1st Battalion of the 34th Infantry Regiment, still under heavy fire on Kilay Ridge, withdraws 100 yards (91 meters) north, abandoning the knoll on the south.
USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Alicante on the northeast of Negros Island and Palompon on Leyte Island while P-47 Thunderbolts hit the Valencia, Mindanao Island, and Ormoc, Leyte Island areas. On Mindanao Island B-24 Liberators hit Libby Aerodrome while others bomb airfields at Sasa. (Jack McKillop)
One USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 from Angaur Island, Palau Islands, Caroline Islands, bombs Sanbon Field near Legaspi on Luzon Island. (Jack McKillop)
Carrier-based aircraft of Task Force 38 attack Japanese shipping off Luzon, in addition to airfields on that island. Navy carrier-based planes attack a convoy 10 nautical miles (19 kilometers) off San Fernando, Luzon, sinking a merchant cargo ship and damaging two escorting submarine chasers. (Jack McKillop)
BONIN AND VOLCANO ISLANDS: Five USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Guam, on armed reconnaissance over Iwo Jima and the Bonin Islands, bomb airfields on Iwo Jima while 15 hit shipping at Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. (Jack McKillop)
NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, elements of Task Group 78.14 land Army troops, a company of the 124th Infantry Regiment, 31st Infantry Division, U.S. Eighth Army, on Asia Island, 100 nautical miles (185 kilometers) west of Sansapor. The landing is supported by USAA Far East Air Forces B-25 Mitchells and A-20 Havocs. (Jack McKillop)
PACIFIC OCEAN: USN destroyer escorts USS Conklin (DE-439) and McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) sink Japanese submarine HIJMS I-37 about 49 nautical mile (90 kilometers) north-northwest of Koror, Palau Islands, Caroline Islands in position 08.07N, 134.16E. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.A.: Washington: The cost to the US of fighting the war is estimated at $250 million a day.
Looking for ways to fund World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive today. The Loan Drive floods the market with war bonds intended to meet Roosevelt's goals of "immediately" raising US$14 billion (US$155.35 billion in year 2005 dollars) for the war. (Jack McKillop)
Submarine USS Catfish launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
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