October 26th, 1944
FRANCE: Vosges Mountains: 100th/442nd RCT rescues the “Lost Battalion,” which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy. There are 800 Nisei casualties in order to save 211 lives. (Gene Hanson)
GERMANY: U-3028, U-3528 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.S.R.: Mukachevo in the souther Carpathians is the site of a link up between the 2nd and 4th Ukraine Fronts in a pincer movement.
ITALY: Heavy rain halts the Allied advance.
COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: US attack Japanese positions on Catmon Hill, north of Dulag, Leyte. Despite initial setbacks, the US forces gain the position in the wake a Japanese withdrawal. Japanese reinforce Leyte from Ormoc.
Japanese Admiral Nishamura's Southern Force and Admiral Shima's force are attacked by PT Boats and then destroyers during their transit of Surigao Strait. PTs sink 1 cruiser, the destroyers sind battleship Fuso and 3 destroyers. US Admiral Oldendorff's 6 battleships and 8 cruisers sink battleship Yamashiro and almost wreck Mogami.
Admiral Kurita's Northern Force, 4 BBs, 8 CA, 11 DDs, transit San Bernardino Strait and find US TG 77.4.3 (6 CVE, 8 DD) off Samar. Between 7:00 am and 9:00 am the Japanese gradually close despite repeated air strikes from the escort carriers and determined torpedo attacks from the escorting destroyers. After loosing 3 cruisers and facing the determined defence of the carriers, Admiral Kurita begins to retire. Some tactical errors of ship handling contribute to his situation. He misses his chance at the invasion ships off Leyte and believes he has sunk several fleet carriers, in fact 3 destroyers and 1 escort carrier are sunk, others damaged.
A Japanese air strike against the 3 escort carrier groups sinking 4 escort carriers and damaging 3. These are the first significant, premeditated suicide attacks that will become known as Kamikaze attacks.
US Admiral Halsey has TF 38, fast fleet carriers, and TF 34, fast battleships, north to intercept Japanese Admiral Ozawa's decoy force of carriers. Hearing the news of the Battle off Samar, Halsey returns, too late to assist. He leaves 2 carrier groups to strike the Japanese carriers, sinking Zuiho and Zuikaku with 2 destroyers and a cruiser. 3 other cruisers of various retiring Japanese forces are sunk by air strikes during the day.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf is over, including the Battle off Samar and the Battle of Cape Engano.
The US ships sunk on 25 October during the Battle of Leyte
ESCORT AIRCRAFT CARRIERS (CVE)
USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73)
USS St Lo (CVE-63)
USS Hoel (DD-533)
USS Johnston (DD-557)
DESTROYER ESCORTS (DE)
USS Eversole (DE-404)
USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413)
The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton (CVL-23) was sunk off Luzon on 24 October.
0200 hours: USS Sea Fox (SS-402) sinks a cargo ship at 29-05 N, 127-40 E.
0400 hours: USS Drum (SS-228) sinks a passenger-cargo ship and a cargo ship at 19-30 N, 120-44 E and 19-97 N, 120-42 E.
0700 hours: USS Drum (SS-228) sinks an armed transport at 19-07 N, 120-42 E.
0700 hours: USS Icefish (SS-367) sinks a cargo ship at 19-07 N, 120-42 E. (Skip Guidry)
Special Task Air Group One makes last attack in month long demonstration of TDR drone missile against Japanese shipping and islands in the Pacific. Of 46 missiles fired, 29 reached their target areas. (Dave Shirlaw)
Corvette HMCS La Malbaie departed Londonderry for refit at Liverpool, Nova Scotia.
Corvette HMCS Lachute commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.A.: Submarine USS Brill commissioned.
A secret OSS report originating in Stockholm stated that a U-boat carrying a V-1 was about to sail on a mission to attack New York. (Dave Shirlaw)
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