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August 27th, 1940 (TUESDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM:
RAF Coastal Command establishes a air base on Iceland to assist with convoy protection. They are equipped with Fairey Battles.

The base was at Kaldadarnes, Iceland, 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Reykjavik, and the squadron was No. 98 Squadron equipped with Battle Mk Is. The ground echelon had arrived on 31 July and the air echelon arrived today. (Jack McKillop)


RAF Bomber Command: 4 Group (Whitley). Bombing - industrial targets at Turin and Milan - aircraft factory at Augsburg - marshalling yards at Mannheim.
51 Sqn. Five aircraft to Augsburg. Three bombed primary.
58 Sqn. Six aircraft to Turin and Milan. Three bombed primaries, two bombed alternative targets.
78 Sqn. Five aircraft to Mannheim. Three bombed primary, two bombed alternative targets.

Battle of Britain:
RAF Fighter Command: Weather restricts enemy action. At night widely scattered raids hit airfields and industrial areas.
Losses: Luftwaffe, 9; RAF, 1.

London: An air raid stops play at Lord's cricket ground.

Biggin Hill, Kent: Sqn-Ldr Eric Laurence Moxey (b. 1894), RAFVR, volunteered to tackle two unexploded bombs. He was killed when one went off. (George Cross)
Cranfield, Bedfordshire: AC Vivian Hollowday (1916-77) pulled two men from a crashed and burning plane, but they and a third man were dead. He made a similar rescue attempt in July. (George Cross)

HMS Dunvegan Castle proceeding independently to Belfast is attacked and sunk by U-46, 120 miles south-west of Ireland at 55 05N 11 00W. However, she remains afloat long enough for the survivors to be taken off by HMS Harvester and Primrose. (Alex Gordon)(108)


GERMANY:
NBBS extols the British public to horsewhip Churchill and his underlings and to burn their property.
They then deny that the station (NBBS) is German. 'The fact that we are British must be clear from every word we broadcast.'

LUXEMBOURG: German currency and foreign exchange controls are applied to the country.  (Jack McKillop)


VICHY FRANCE:
Laws forbidding anti-Semitism in the press are repealed.

HUNGARY: Locotenent Aviator de reserva [Romanian for Reserve Flight Lieutenant, more or less] Nicolae Polizu of Escadrila 51 of the Royal Romanian Air Force, score Romania's first aerial victory of the war (as well as a military decoration), when he intercepts a flight of Caproni Ca 135's (of the 3/III. Bombazoosztaly, or #3 Squadron, Third Bomber Group, Hungarian Air Force). Despite overwhelming odds, Polizu shot up and forced down one of the bombers. (Greg Kelley)

FRENCH CAMEROON: Free French emissaries LeClerc and Boislambert depart Victoria, British Cameroons, in native canoes for Douala, French Cameroon where the Government Palace is occupied without resistance. The next day LeClerc travels by train to Youande to accept the transfer of power from the Vichy authorities.  (Jack McKillop)


CHINA: Britain completes the withdrawal of troops from Shanghai.

NEW ZEALAND: The 3rd Echelon of the 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force departs for Egypt; they arrive on 29 September. (Jack McKillop)

CANADA: The 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade with the Calgary Highlanders, embarks for the United Kingdom; they arrive in Scotland on 4 September. (Jack McKillop)

U.S.A.: US President Franklin D Roosevelt signs a joint resolution authorizing the callup of Army Reserve and National Guard units for a period of one year. 

The induction of National Guard units will begin on 16 September and continue for a seven-month period until March 1941. 

Attorney General Robert H. Jackson gives President Franklin D. Roosevelt a ruling in which the legal framework for the transfer of destroyers to the British can be accomplished. During the day, Roosevelt confers with Secretary of the Navy Knox, Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of State Hull concerning a compromise to resolve the impasse that has arisen over the proposed destroyers-for-bases agreement. Subsequently, Roosevelt meets with Admiral Harold R. Stark, Chief of Naval Operations, Secretary of the Navy Knox and Secretary of State Hull, and British Ambassador Lord Lothian; these men review the proposal arrived at earlier that day. Admiral Stark certifies that the destroyers involved are no longer essential to the defence of the United States, thus clearing the way for their transfer. (Jack McKillop)

(Jack McKillop)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: AMC HMS Dunvegan Castle sunk by U-46 in Convoy SL-43.

U-28 sank SS Eva in Convoy SC-1.

U-37 sank SS Theodoros T. (Dave Shirlaw)

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